Reading Comprehension Practice Questions for English Language

Reading Comprehension Practice Questions for English Language

Passage 1

Source: (https://www.toppr.com/guides/essays/essay-indian-education-system/)

The Indian education system is quite an old education system that still exists. It has produced so many genius minds that are making India proud all over the world. However, while it is one of the oldest systems, it is still not that developed when compared to others, which are in fact newer. This is so as the other countries have gone through growth and advancement, but the Indian education system is still stuck in old age. It faces a lot of problems that need to be sorted to let it reach its full potential.​​ Our Indian education system faces a lot of problems that do not let it prosper and help other children succeed in life. The biggest problem which it has to face is the poor grading system. It judges the intelligence of a student on the basis of academics which is in the form of exam papers. That is very unfair to students who are good in their overall performance but not that good at specific subjects. Moreover, they only strive to get good marks not paying attention to understanding what is taught. In other words, this encourages getting good marks through mugging up and not actually grasping the concept efficiently. Furthermore, we see how the Indian education system focuses on theory more. Only a little percentage is given for practical. This makes them run after the bookish knowledge and not actually applying it to the real world. This practice makes them perplexed when they go out in the real world due to lack of practical knowledge. Most importantly, the Indian education system does not emphasize enough on the importance of sports and arts. Students are always asked to study all the time where they get no time for other activities like sports and arts.​​ As the Indian Education System is facing so many problems, we need to come up with effective solutions so it improves and creates a brighter future for students. We can start by focusing on the skill development of the students. The schools and colleges must not only focus on the ranks and grades but on the analytical and creative skills of children. In addition, subjects must not be merely taught theoretically but with practical. This will help in a better understanding of the subject without them having to mug up the whole thing due to lack of practical knowledge. Also, the syllabus must be updated with the changing times and not follow the old age pattern.​​ Other than that, the government and private colleges must now increase the payroll of teachers. As they clearly deserve more than what they offer. To save money, the schools hire teachers who are not qualified enough. This creates a very bad classroom environment and learning. They must be hired if they are fit for the job and not because they are working at a lesser salary.

Questions:

  • What are the major problems faced by the Indian education system?

  • Non development

  • Poor grading system

  • Stuck in old time

  • Discrimination

Ans. b

Rationale: ‘The biggest problem which it has to face is the poor grading system’.

  • What are the steps that could be taken by schools for the development of children?

  • Focussing on ranks and grades

  • Analytical and creative skills

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: ‘We can start by focusing on the skill development of the students. The schools and colleges must not only focus on the ranks and grades but on the analytical and creative skills of children’.

  • According to the passage what is ironical about the Indian education system?

  • New yet not developed

  • Old yet developed

  • New yet developed

  • Old yet not developed

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ ‘However, while Indian education system​​ is one of the oldest systems, it is still not that developed when compared to others, which are in fact newer’.

  • Which of the following factors is responsible for creating the bad environment in classroom?

  • Lack of knowledge

  • Mere theoretical teaching

  • Unqualified teachers

  • Old pattern of study

Ans. c

Rationale: ‘To save money, the schools hire teachers who are not qualified enough. This creates a very bad classroom environment and learning’.

  • State the antonym of the word ‘perplex’.

  • Bewilder

  • Explicate

  • Perturb

  • Confound

Ans. b

Rationale: perplex means confusion and explicate means develop an idea or principle. The other options mean the same as confused.

Passage 2

Source: (https://www.aresearchguide.com/plastic-ban-essay.html)

Plastic bags have a wide range of usability in our day to day lives. For instance, we use them to carry our foodstuffs from groceries shops, we also use them as gloves to do dirty chores or as knee pads while gardening. We also cover our plants with plastic bags to prevent them from frosting at night.​​ Basically, plastic bags can be improvised to do so many things and are therefore very handy at home. The reason why plastic bags are so popular is because they are cheaper than eco-friendly bags. Furthermore, plastic bags are waterproof and very convenient during rainy days. Whilst, there are many advantages we can accrue from using plastic bags, the reality of the matter is that they pose serious threats to us and the environment.​​ One of the reasons why plastic bags are bad for the environment is that they practically take forever to decay. Plastics have a very low rate of degradation that it may take thousands of years for a small piece to disintegrate. It goes without saying therefore that since the first modern plastic bags were designed in 1965 by the Swedish company, Celloplast, virtually all the plastic bags are still in existence today. Manufactured from polyethylene- a high density plastic, these bags can withstand all weather conditions.​​ Secondly, they contribute to climate change. All the polymers and compounds used in the creation of plastic bags such as polypropylene and polyethylene are derived from petroleum and natural gas. The process of extracting fossil fuel and then​​ processing it to produce plastics releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This has resulted to the degradation of the ozone layer, which has subsequently led to global warming. It is also not economically viable to use nonrenewable resources like petroleum and natural gas to produce a commodity that has a very short lifespan.​​ Moreover, plastic bags pollute the environment. They pollute our lands making them look ugly and untidy. And since they are very light, they are easily carried by wind and water to various places on earth. They litter our pathways, fences, houses and trees and make them look ugly. They also pollute water bodies. All the plastic bags eventually end up in the oceans and other water bodies. Look at the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which is located between Hawaii and​​ California.​​ The place has the world’s largest accumulation of plastic waste on a water body. With so much plastic floating on water, the marine life is put into too much risk. The situation is even worse if the plastic waste finds its way to the bottom of the ocean, where many sea creatures live and lay eggs. Apart from eating the plastic bags, the sea creatures may also get entangled or trapped by them.​​ Marine animals often mistake plastic pieces and bags for food. For instance, sea turtles cannot differentiate plastic bags from jelly fish and they therefore consume them. Since they are not biologically designed to digest plastics, the consumed plastic gets trapped into their digestive tracts. The marine animals eventually die from suffocation, infections or inability to feed and excrete waste.​​ Creatures that prey on fish, such as humans, birds, terrestrial animals and other marine animals also get sucked into the equation through the ocean food web when they feed on contaminated fish meat. When humans consume contaminated fish, they are at a higher risk of getting serious health complications. For example, if they were to ingest PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyl), then they have a higher chance of getting cancer.​​ 

Questions

  • Which of the following components make​​ polyethylene?

  • Petroleum and nitrogen

  • Nitrogen and ethane

  • Natural gas and ethylene

  • Natural gas and petroleum

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ All the polymers and compounds used in the creation of plastic bags such as polypropylene and polyethylene are derived from petroleum and natural gas.

  • According to the passage what are the reasons for degradation of ozone layer?

  • Cutting down of trees

  • Extraction of fossil fuels

  • Disturbance in the water cycle

  • Accumulation of plastic waste on a water body

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ The process of extracting fossil fuel and then processing it to produce plastics releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This has resulted to the degradation of the ozone layer, which has subsequently led to global warming.

  • What are the dangers posed to humans for being a part of ocean food web?

  • There is no danger to human life for being a part of ocean food web

  • Human beings become vulnerable to water diseases after consuming marine animals

  • Humans​​ have a higher chance of getting cancer​​ web when they feed on contaminated fish meat.

  • Coming in contact with water animals can cause infections in human body

Ans. c

Rationale:​​ When humans consume contaminated fish, they are at a higher risk of getting serious health complications. For example, if they were to ingest PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyl), then they have a higher chance of getting cancer.​​ 

  • Why do pathways and fences look ugly?

  • People throw garbage on them

  • Plastic bags are carried away by wind and water to such places

  • Plastic being very thin gets accumulated on them

  • People litter around pathways and fences

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ plastic bags pollute the environment. They pollute our lands making them look ugly and untidy. And since they are very light, they are​​ easily carried by wind and water to various places on earth. They litter our pathways, fences, houses and trees and make them look ugly.

  • Which suffix is used in the word ‘practically’?

  • Ally

  • Y

  • Ly

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale: ‘ly’ suffix refers to the quality or related to something. ‘One of the reasons why plastic bags are bad for the environment is that they practically take forever to decay’. Practically refers to the quality of being concerned with the actual thing.

 

 

 

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