Reading Comprehension New Pattern Practice Paper

Reading Comprehension New Pattern Practice Paper

Passage 1

Source: (https://www.thewisdompost.com/essay/technology-essay/3387)

Development is closely related with technology. The stage of development the human being has arrived could have been possible without the advancement in technology. The radical change and advancement in the economy, as we observe today, is the result of the modern technology.​​ Technology has brought about efficiency and quality in the manufacturing sector. Technological advancement has reduced the risk involved in manufacturing enterprises. There has been tremendous improvement in the field of health the world over not only the average age of people has increased but the mortality rate has also declined considerably.​​ This could be possible only because of technological advancement in health sector. There is perhaps no field of human life which has not been affected by technology. Agriculture, industry, profession, health, education, art, political processes, recreation, religious activities and daily life activities all are under the influence of technology.​​ But, it is important to keep in mind that technological advancement has affected​​ human life both positively as well as negatively. Not only that life has become easy and comfortable, there are also indications of several threats to life and society in the future due to use/misuse of modern technology.​​ The nature and extent of development the human society has experienced by now is heading towards crises in future. The sustainability of development is in question today. This has happened only due to irrational use of technology.​​ It has been discussed here as to how development – economic as well as social – takes place with the advancement of technology but not without leaving a scar to threaten the human society. The development of technology, which itself is symptomatic of development, has brought about not only economic development but also radical changes in the social and cultural spheres of society.​​ This articles also points out the negative effects of technological advancements on social, cultural and economic aspects of human life. Technological advancement and development have come to a stage where human society finds itself at a crossroads. The positive as well as negative roles of technology have put humans into to a situation of flux and confusion.

Questions: indentify the antonyms of the following words as mentioned in the passage

  • Radical

  • Basal

  • Profound

  • Extrinsic

  • Original​​ 

Ans. c

Rationale: it is used in the sentence ‘The radical change and advancement in the economy, as we observe today, is the result of the modern technology’ which means change or which forms inherent part of the nature. Except option c every word has the same meaning.

  • Flux

  • Fluidity

  • Stagnation

  • Fluctuation

  • Mutation

Ans. b

Rationale: it is used in the sentence ‘The positive as well as negative roles of technology have put humans into to a situation of flux and confusion’ which means fluctuation. Except option b every word has the same meaning.

  • Irrational

  • Sane

  • Preposterous

  • Wrong

  • Incoherent

Ans. a

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘This has happened only due to irrational use of technology’ which means something which is not reasonable. Except option a every word has the same meaning.

  • Tremendous

  • Formidable

  • Marvellous

  • Colossal

  • Teeny​​ 

Ans. d

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘There has been tremendous improvement in the field of health the world over not only the average age of people has increased but the mortality rate has also declined considerably’ which means something in great amount. Except option d every word has the same meaning.

  • Several

  • Diverse

  • Countable

  • Legion

  • Beaucoup

Ans. b

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘Not only that life has become easy and comfortable; there are also indications of several threats to life and society in the future due to use/misuse of modern technology’ which means many things. Except option b every word has the same meaning.

Passage 2

Source: (http://www.english-for-students.com/stories-for-students.html)

I had heard a great deal about Miss Beam’s school. But not till last week did the chance come to visit it. When I arrived there was no one in sight but a girl of about twelve. Her eyes were covered with a bandage and she was being led carefully between the flower-beds by a little boy who was about four years younger. She stopped and it looked like she asked him who had come. He seemed to be describing me to her. Then they passed on.​​ Miss Beam was all that I had expected - middle-aged, full of authority, yet kindly and understanding. Her hair was beginning to turn grey and she had the kind of plump figure that is likely to be comforting to a homesick child. I asked her some questions about her teaching methods which I had heard were simple.​​ “No more than is needed to help them to learn how to do things – simple spelling, adding, subtracting, multiplying and writing. The rest is done by reading to them and by interesting talks during which they have to sit still and keep their hands quiet. There are practically no other lessons."​​ “The real aim of this school is not so much to teach thought as to teach thoughtfulness - kindness to others and being responsible citizens. Look out of the window a minute, will you?"​​ I went to the window which overlooked a large garden and a playground at the back. “What do you see?" Miss Beam asked.​​ “I see some very beautiful grounds," I said, “and a lot of jolly children. It pains me, though, to see that they are not all so​​ healthy and active-looking. When I came in, I saw one poor little girl being led about. She has some trouble with her eyes. Now I can see two more with the same difficulty. And there’s a girl with a crutch watching the others at play. She seems to be a hopeless cripple."​​ Miss Beam laughed. “Oh, no!" she said. “She’s not really lame. This is only her lame day. The others are not blind either. It is only their blind day." I must have looked very surprised, for she laughed again.​​ “This is a very important part of our system. To make our children appreciate and understand misfortune, we make them share in misfortune too. Each term every child has one blind day, one lame day, one deaf day, one injured day and one dumb day. During the blind day their eyes are bandaged absolutely and they are on their honour not to peep. The bandage is put on overnight so they wake blind. This means that they need help with everything. Other children are given the duty of helping them and leading them about. They all learn so much this way - both the blind and the helpers.​​ “There is no misery about it," Miss Beam continued. “Everyone is very kind and it is really something of a game. Before the day is over, though, even the most thoughtless child realizes what misfortune is.​​ “The blind day is, of course, really the worst, but some of the children tell me that the dumb day is the most difficult. We cannot bandage the children’s mouths, so they really have to exercise their will-power. Come into the garden and see for yourself how the children feel about it

Question: indentify the antonyms of the following words as mentioned in the passage

  • Misfortune

  • Affliction

  • Hardship

  • Cataclysm

  • Contentment

Ans. d

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘To make our children appreciate and understand misfortune, we make them share in misfortune too’ which means bad luck. Except option d every word has the same meaning.

  • Cripple

  • Debilitate

  • Hamstring

  • Capacitate

  • Sap​​ 

Ans. c

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘She seems to be a hopeless cripple’ which means cause someone to unable to walk. Except option c every word has the same meaning.

  • Difficult

  • Arduous

  • Facile​​ 

  • Crucial

  • Onerous

Ans. b

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘The blind day is, of course, really the worst, but some of the children tell me that the dumb day is the most difficult’ which means something which is not easy. Except option b every word has the same meaning.

  • Responsible

  • Unaccountable

  • Culpable

  • Pledged

  • Subject

Ans. a

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘The real aim of this school is not so much to teach thought as to teach thoughtfulness - kindness to others and being responsible citizens’ which means accountability. Except option a every word has the same meaning.

  • Plump

  • Chunky

  • Pudgy

  • Stout

  • Lean

Ans. d

Rationale: it is used in the sentence​​ ‘Her hair was beginning to turn grey and she had the kind of plump figure that is likely to be comforting to a homesick child’ which means chubby. Except option d every word has the same meaning.

 

 

 

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