Questions to Practice for English Section of CLAT 2020

Questions to Practice for English Section of CLAT 2020

Passage 1

The Modi government mustn’t waver on the farm reform legislations despite protests in Punjab and Haryana, which prompted Akali Dal’s exit from the ministry. The two bills relating to creating a viable alternative to agricultural market produce committees (APMCs) and facilitating contract farming can help small farmers discover fair prices for farm produce and bring better services to the farm​​ gate. APMCs haven’t lived up to their promise due to cartelisation and the difficulty of small farmers in​​ --- (1) --- their​​ produce to APMC market​​ yards. The criticism of federal overreach needs to factor in the big picture. States are unable to usher in such reforms as they are often hostage to big farmer and middlemen lobbies. By striking compromises on GST compensation, Centre could have offset the complaints of states of revenue loss for sales outside APMCs. PM Modi has made a weighty promise to farmers, 86% of whom are small and marginal farmers, to double their incomes by 2022. The status quo, including minimum support prices, isn’t helping enough farmers unlike direct benefit transfers, besides distorting markets and cropping patterns too. Centre has clarified that it isn’t undermining APMCs or MSPs but merely increasing competition by allowing agribusinesses, food processors, wholesalers, exporters and big retailers to source directly from farmers. Opposition parties are joining the protests for political mileage, but government must improve its messaging on the salience of these reforms. Besides politicisation, the other weakness is the variance between policy and practice. Despite​​ --- (2) ---​​ the Essential Commodities Act to remove stockholding limits and intemperate regulations on most commonly consumed commodities, Centre has again banned onion exports. Such moves run counter to the professed desire to find new export markets and hinder farmers from securing the benefit of even small increases in wholesale prices.

Source​​ 

  • Which one of the following words in the passage mean ‘feasible’?

  • Viable​​ 

  • Salience

  • Weighty

  • Reasonable

 

  • The best suited word for (1) is

  • Transporting

  • Converting

  • Departing

  • Waiting​​ 

 

  • Status quo refers to:

  • Improved status

  • Degraded Status

  • Same status

  • Only status.

 

  • The best suited word for (2) is

  • Repealing

  • Amending

  • Replacing

  • removing

 

  • Which of the following statements is not true​​ as per the passage?

  • variance between policy and practice​​ is a weakness

  • Centre has clarified that it is merely increasing competition by allowing agribusinesses

  • Farmers are the top priority of the Central​​ Government

  • government must improve its messaging on the salience of these reforms

 

Passage 2

In the first official statement in Parliament on the India-China standoff at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh, defence minister Rajnath Singh laid out India’s case. He provided a quick backdrop of the border conflict, outlined the post-1988 template where the two sides agreed to maintain peace and tranquillity at the border and deepen bilateral relations without necessarily compromising their positions on the dispute itself, chronicled​​ the series of violations of this broad understanding by China over the last five months, and described the current state of​​ --- (1) ---​​ where the onus fundamentally rests on China to disengage.​​ After months of political ambiguity over the exact situation at the border, Mr Singh’s speech came across as a sharp, comprehensive, and effective intervention from the highest levels in government. Three features of India’s position stand out. One, New Delhi is clear that China has amassed troops, it has not​​ --- (2) ---​​ to LAC, it has violated border pacts, it has been violent in its conduct, it has attempted transgressions, and it has attempted to change the status quo unilaterally. Two, India considers this unacceptable, it has conveyed its position to China unambiguously, and New Delhi will pursue dialogue and hope for a peaceful resolution of the issue. Three, while relying on talks, India will continue to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity.​​ Mr Singh pointedly spoke of counter-deployments, friction points and face-offs, including moves at the end of August when India successfully resisted Chinese attempts and gained tactical advantage.​​ There were gaps in the speech too, some of it understandable given the sensitive nature of the situation. Mr Singh refrained from asserting that China was currently in Indian​​ Territory​​ — which has drawn criticism. But while more details would have been good, this is also a time when the government needs to be given the benefit of doubt because of the complex nature of the crisis. One way to, however, provide more information is to have a closed door briefing for leaders of other parties, which, as a report in this newspaper suggested on Wednesday, is under consideration. The defence minister did well. The government should now build a national consensus to deal with the challenge.

Source​​ 

  • Which of the following word in the passage means ‘model’ or ‘standard’?

  • Transgressions

  • Sample

  • Template

  • Chronicled

 

  • The best suited word for (1) is

  • Negotiations

  • Adjustment

  • Changes

  • Conversations

 

  • Which of the following​​ statements​​ is not true according to the passage?

  • Onus is on China to disengage

  • There was political ambiguity on the border

  • China has violated border pacts

  • China might use​​ unfair​​ means to win

 

  • Is China currently in Indian​​ Territory?

  • Yes, it is implied

  • No

  • Partially

  • Can’t​​ say

 

  • The least ​​ suited word for (2) is

  • Adhered to

  • Followed

  • Stick to

  • Ignored​​ 

ANSWERS

Passage 1:

  • (a)

  • (a)

  • (c)

  • (b)

  • (c)

Passage 2

  • (c)​​ 

  • (a)

  • (d)

  • (d)

  • (d)

 

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Read our posts on CLAT English Language.

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