Questions to Practice English Language for CLAT based on Passage

Questions to Practice English Language for CLAT based on Passage

Passage 1

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who died Friday at the age of 87, will forever have two legacies. The one Americans could be focusing on right now is the one of legal​​ trailblazer: Justice Ginsburg, the second woman ever to be appointed to the Supreme Court, paved the way for women’s equality before the law, and for women’s rights to be taken seriously by the courts and by society. As an attorney she argued, and won, multiple cases at the Supreme Court in the 1970s, eventually persuading an all-male bench to apply the 14th Amendment’s equal protection clause to sex-based discrimination. On the court, she continued to point the way toward greater equality in opinions like United States v. Virginia, which held unconstitutional the Virginia Military Institute’s policy of refusing to​​ ---(1)---​​ women. “Inherent differences between men and women, we have come to appreciate, remain cause for celebration,” Justice Ginsburg wrote for a 7-to-1 majority, “but not for denigration of the members of either sex or for artificial constraints on an individual’s opportunity.” It was sweet revenge for someone who had once been rejected for jobs at top New York law firms, and denied a clerkship on the Supreme Court, because she was a woman. The other legacy of Justice Ginsburg’s that the country is now urgently forced to confront is the cold political reality that she died in the final weeks of a presidential campaign, at a moment when President Trump and Mitch McConnell, the Senate majority leader, appear to be dead-set on replacing her with someone who would​​ obliterate​​ much of the progress she helped the country make. The court now faces a serious crisis of legitimacy. Senate Republicans, who represent a minority of the nation, and a president elected by a minority of the nation, are now in a position to solidify their control of the third branch of government. The Supreme Court, with another Trump appointee, could stand as a conservative firewall against the expressed will of a majority of Americans on a range of crucial issues.

Source

  • The word in bold in the passage does not mean:

  • Torchbearer

  • Trendsetter

  • Pioneer

  • Follower

  • The antonym of the word underlined in the passage is

  • Annihilate

  • Destroy

  • Sabotage

  • Aid

  • The best suited word for (1) is

  • Cater

  • Entertain

  • Admit

  • Hire

  • Which of the following statements are incorrect?

  • Ginsburg was the​​ second​​ woman ever to be appointed to the Supreme Court.

  • She had been rejected by top law firms in New York

  • United States v. Virginia​​ was a step against discrimination based on Gender

  • Trump wanted to replace her with a man so that it is easy to undo her work.

  • Inherent differences between men and women​​ are to be appreciated.

  • Although there are differences between men and women but they must not be used to unfairly discriminate either sex​​ 

  • Both (a) and (b)

  • None of these

Passage 2

Going by the​​ flurry​​ of revisions in forecasts since the National Statistical Office (NSO) announced that gross domestic product (GDP) in the April-June period had shrunk by 24 per​​ cent, a much deeper hit to Indian economy this fiscal appears certain now.​​ We, for one, have revised our real GDP growth forecast for India this fiscal to (-) 9 per cent from (-) 5 per cent projected earlier in May. This revision, however, is not​​ premised​​ on first quarter data — our projection at (-) 25 per cent was anyway close to NSO’s estimate — as much as on the unfettered spread of the COVID-19 infections and the inadequate fiscal stimulus convulsing the economy. Besides, unless inflation climbs down below 6 per cent, the Reserve Bank of India would be constrained from cutting rates.​​ As things stand, till the time a vaccine is found and mass distributed, forecasting the economic environment, and as a consequence, decision-making, will be dominated by what John Kay and Mervin King, in their recent book, refer to as “radical uncertainty” — a situation in which we know something but not enough to act with confidence. And that too when the stakes are high. If the experience of the last few months is any guide, it will indeed be a very complicated transition to what we regard as normal.

High-frequency​​ --- (1) ---​​ indicators till August-end show a recovery vis-à-vis the first quarter. But they remain in contractionary phase, indicating that the economic contraction will continue in the second quarter, though not as severe. We expect the economy to contract by 12 per cent in the second quarter. If the pandemic were to peak out by October, GDP growth could move into mildly positive territory towards the end of this fiscal. The--- (2) ---​​ economy, representing almost half of the Indian economy, appears to have held up somewhat better than its urban counterpart largely because of normal agricultural performance and the tilt of government’s support. This shows up in demand for​​ --- (2) ---​​ products such as tractors, motorcycles and fast moving consumer goods. But​​ --- (2) ---​​ wages remain depressed and remittances are likely to have been hit due to reverse-migration.​​ 

Source

  • The word in bold in the passage means

  • Sudden commotion

  • Expansive

  • Bulky

  • Light

 

  • Which of the following words is not a synonym of the underlined word in the passage?

  • Basis

  • Belief

  • Prediction

  • Argument

 

  • The best suited word for (2) is

(a)​​ Rural

(b) Industrial

(c) Local

(d) National

 

  • Which of the following statements are incorrect?

  • ​​ Reverse migration affects wages.

  • Radical uncertainty in economic decisions will remain till Covid Vaccine is found and widely distributed.

  • As per the experience of a last few years, the transition to normal will not be that simple

  • The increase in demand for​​ products such as tractors, motorcycles​​ is due to government’s support to manufacturing Industries of these products.

 

  • The least suitable word for (1) is:

  • Economic

  • Financial

  • Fiscal

  • Political

ANSWER

Passage 1

  • (d)

  • (d)

  • (c)

  • (d)

  • (b)

Passage 2:

  • (a)

  • (c)

  • (a)

  • (d)

  • (d)

 

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