Questions for Practice on Passage with Course of Action

Questions for Practice on Passage with Course of Action

Directions (Q. Nos. 1- 5)​​ Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Passage 1

Poverty can be defined as a social phenomenon in which a section of the society is unable to fulfill even its basic​​ necessities​​ of life. When a substantial segment of the society is deprived of the minimum level of living and continues at a bare subsistence level that society is said to be plagued with mass poverty. The countries of the third world exhibit invariably the existence of mass poverty, although pockets of poverty exist even in the developed countries of Europe and America.

Attempts have been made in all societies to define poverty, but all of them are conditioned by the vision of minimum or good life obtaining in society. For instance, the concept of poverty in the USA would be significantly different from that in India because the average man is able to afford a much higher level of living in the United States. There is an effort in all definitions of poverty to approach the average level of living in a society and as such these definitions reflect the co existence of inequalities in a society and the extent to which different societies are prepared to tolerate them. For instance, in India, the generally accepted definition of poverty emphasizes minimum level of living rather than a reasonable level of living. This attitude is borne out of a realization that it would not be possible to provide even a minimum quantum of basic needs for some decades and therefore, to talk about a reasonable level of living or good life may appear to be wishful thinking at the present stage. Thus, political considerations enter the definitions of poverty because programmes of alleviating poverty may become prohibitive as the vision of a good life widens.

1. What is poverty according to the writer?

  • Ability to consider it as social phenomenon of a substantial segment of society

  • Inability of a society to provide the basic necessities of life

  • A political compulsion that dictates economic policies

  • A form of exhibition of subsistence living

2. Societies in the third world can be characterized as plagued by mass poverty, because

  • Europe and America have pockets of poverty

  • poverty is a mass social phenomenon

  • there is a wide variation in the definition of poverty

  • societies live at a bare subsistence level

3. What conditions the various attempts to define poverty?

  • The definition of poverty in India

  • The definition of poverty in the USA

  • The vision of minimum of good life

  • Political considerations

4. What do all definitions of poverty do?

  • Reflect co-existence of inequalities in society

  • Societies tolerance of inequalities

  • Approach the average level of living in a society

  • Minimum level of living in India

5. Definition of poverty in India emphasizes minimum level of living because

  • it is impossible at this stage to provide a reasonable quantum of living

  • political considerations enter the definitions of poverty

  • there is a reasonable level of good living

  • programmes of alleviation of poverty have been initiated

 

(Direction 6 - 10 )​​ In each of the question below is given statement followed by three courses of action number 1, 2 and 3. On the basis of information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true. Then decide which of three given suggested courses of action logically follows.

Mark your answer as:

  • Only 1 follows​​ 

  • Only 2 follows​​ 

  • Only 3 follows

  • None follows​​ 

  • All follows

 

6.​​ STATEMENT: ​​ 

Over 27000 bonded workers identified and freed are still awaiting rehabilitation.

Course of Action :

  • More cases of bonded workers should be identified.

  • Till the proper rehabilitation facilities are available, the bonded workers should not be freed.

  • The impediments in the way of speedy and proper rehabilitation of bonded workers should be removed.

7.​​ STATEMENT:

According to the officials, paucity orphaned with organisation has led to the pathetic condition of this brilliant architectural structure.

Course of Action:​​ 

  • ​​ A new architectural structure for the building should be design.

  • Grant should be given to improve the condition of the structure.

  • The reason for the poor condition of the structure should be find out.

8.​​ STATEMENT:​​ 

​​ In the city, over 75% of the people are living in slums and substandard houses, which is reflection of the housing and Urban Development policy of the government.

Course of Action​​ 

  • There should be a separate Department looking after housing and Urban Development.

  • The policies in regard to the urban housing should be reviewed.

  • The policies regarding housing should also be reviewed so that such problem could be avoided in rural areas.

9.​​ STATEMENT:

 ​​​​ A major Railway accident involving a mail train was averted due to the presence of mind of one signal man at the wayside cabin.

Course of Action: ​​ 

  • The railway track for at least 50 km should be cleared of any traffic ahead of the mail trains.

  • The signalman should be rewarded as so as to encourage others.

  • The railway signaling system should be immediately be made automatic.

10.​​ STATEMENT:

​​ Incessant rain for the past several days has causes the problem of overflowing and flood as the river bed is full of silt and mud.

Course of Action​​ 

  • The people residing near the rivers should be shifted to the safer place.

  • The silt and mud from the river bed should be cleared immediately after the proceeding of water level.

  • The people should be made aware about the immediate danger over television.

 

Answer key

Ans.1 - b. According to the author, inability of a society to provide the basic necessity of life is poverty.

Ans.2 - d. Societies live at a bear subsistence level.

Ans.3 - c. The vision of minimum of good life. ( the average living of life in society ).

Ans.4 - c. Approach the average level of living in a society.

Ans.5 - d. Definition of poverty in India in faces minimum level of living because program of alleviation of poverty have been initiated.

Ans. 6 - c. Only 3rdcourse of action provides a feasible and effective to combat the problem, impediment in the way of speedy and proper rehabilitation should be removed.

Ans.7 – c. Condition of architectural structure can be improved by the way of adequate finance, hence third that Grand should be given to improve the condition of structure, is the right course of action.

Ans.8 – b. The statement speaks of the failure of housing and Urban Development policies of the government, hence the policy in regard to the urban housing should be reviewed

Ans.9 – d. Action 1 and 2 will directly improve the working condition of Railways to stop action 3 not directly related with improving Railway traffic condition but will encourage other signalman to be more watchful and their duties which in turn will reduce the probability of accident.

Ans.10 – d. All actions given a right course of action following problem caused by the incessant rain for the past several days because each of the courses we provide relief to the victims.

 

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