Questions for Practice on Passage and Conclusion

Questions for Practice on Passage and Conclusion

A passage is given below followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the fact stated in the passage.​​ Questions in the​​ form of conclusion are based on the passage given below.

Mark your answer as :

(a) if the conclusion is definitely true,

(b) if the conclusion is probably true,

(c) if data given in the passage is inadequate to answer

(d) if conclusion is probably false,

(e) if conclusion is definitely false.

Passage I :​​ 

Urban services have not expanded face​​ enough to cope with urban expansion. Low investment​​ allocations have tended to be under​​ spent. Both public (e.g.​​ water and sewage) and private ( e.g., low income area housing)infrastructure quality has declined. The impact of the​​ environment in which children live and the supporting services​​ available to them when they fall ill, seems clear. The decline in​​ average food availability and the rise in absolute poverty, point​​ in the same unsatisfactory directions.

1)There is nothing to boast about urban services.

2)The public transport system is in the hand of private​​ sector.

3)​​ Birth rate is higher in urban areas as compared to​​ rural​​ areas.

4)​​ Low cost urban housing is on the priority,

5)​​ The environment around plays a important​​ health status.

Passage II

There is some controversy about the Percentage of population below the poverty line in India. The​​ criteria​​ for the poverty line is based on person's nutritional requirement in terms of calories. It is assumed that the minimum nutritional requirement per person per day in rural areas is 2,400 calories whereas it is 2,200 calories in urban areas. If the household is unable to bear the expenditure for this level of nutrition, it is categorised as below the poverty line.​​ There is also a view that,​​ along with​​ calories, the​​ amount​​ of​​ protein intake be treated as a criterion as it is related to physical energy, mental alertness and resistance to infection.

6)​​ Many Indians, who are below the poverty line, get necessary amount of proteins.

7)​​ ​​ People living above the poverty line are less likely to suffer from infections.

8)​​ India's poverty alleviation programmes can only succeed​​ after reaching​​ agreement about the poverty line.

9)​​ People in urban areas are less physically weak compared to people in rural areas.

10)​​ In other countries, there is no controversy about defining the poverty line.

 

ANSWER KEY

Ans.1 – a. It is clearly mentioned in the opening lines of the passage that or urban services have ​​ deteriorated due to merge finances and related supports.

Ans.2 – c. It is not mentioned anywhere in the passage that public transport system is in the hands​​ of private sectors.

Ans.3 – c.​​ Data regarding comparative birth rate are not given in the passage who stop his data is inadequate.

Ans.4​​ –b. It is given in the passage that private infrastructure quality,​​ ex- low-income area housing has declined. Therefore, it is very likely that low cost urban housing gets priority.

Ans.5​​ –a. This is clearly given in the passage that environment plays an important role on the health status. Hence, conclusion definitely follows from the passage of a person.

Ans.6 – c.​​ Data given in the passage is​​ inadequate.​​ 

Ans.7 – b. It is given in the last line of the passage that protein is related to resistance to infections. Since people above the poverty line main get sufficient amount of protein intake, and so are likely to be less sufferer from infections.

Ans.8​​ –c. Nothing has been discussed in the passage regarding agreement about poverty line.

Ans.9 – b. It is probably true because calorie requirement per person in urban areas is less than that of rural areas.

Ans.10- c. Nothing has been given in the passage regarding the poverty line in the other countries.

 

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