Questions for Practice on Hindu Law

Questions for Practice on Hindu Law

  • Manu classified Dharma into:

  • Achara

  • Vyavahara

  • Prayaschita

  • All the above

Ans. d

Rationale: Dharma is classified into achara, vyavahara and prayaschita

  • A person may be a Hindu by:

  • Birth

  • Conversion

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale: a person may be a Hindu by both birth and conversion

  • Hindus are categorized into:

  • Brahmins

  • Vaishyas

  • Shudras

  • All the above

Ans. d

Rationale: following are all considered as Hindus Brahmins, jains, Buddhists, vaishyas, shudras and lingayats

  • What are the material sources of Hindu Law?

  • Shrutis

  • Smritis

  • Digests

  • All the above

Ans. d

Rationale: shrutis,smritis, digests, nibhandhas are the material sources of Hindu law

  • Under the Mitakshara system, the right in family property is acquired by birth. The statement is:

  • True

  • False

  • Either a or b

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale:​​ Under the Mitakshara system, the right in family property is acquired by birth i.e. every child born in hindu family acquires the right in the joint family property by birth

  • _____ is called coparcenary property.

  • Self acquired

  • Joint family

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: joint family property is considered as coparcenary property.

  • When one of the parties to marriage is of unsound mind, the marriage is:

  • Valid

  • Voidable

  • Void

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: When one of the parties to marriage is of unsound mind, the marriage is voidable at the option of aggrieved party

  • A marriage performed where the bride is under the age of 18 years and bridegroom is under the age of 21 years is:

  • Valid

  • Voidable

  • Void

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: A marriage performed where the bride is under the age of 18 years and bridegroom is under the age of 21 years is valid under hindu law but it attracts penalties

  • Bigamy is ____ under the Indian Penal Code

  • Not punishable

  • Punishable

  • Not defined

  • Both a and c are correct

Ans. b

Rationale: having another wife during the lifetime of the first wife is punishable as an offence under the Indian Penal Code

  • One ________ marry a person who was the wife of the brother of the other

  • Can

  • May

  • Cannot

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale: under hindu law one cannot marry the wife of one’s brother or his own sister or mother

  • State true or false: ‘A male Hindu cannot change his religion and accept Islam in order to marry more than one wife’

  • True

  • False

  • Partly correct

  • None of the above​​ 

Ans. a

Rationale: there cannot be a mockery of any religion for personal gains thus a male Hindu cannot change his religion and accept Islam in order to marry more than one wife

  • A marriage which is void ab initio is a​​ 

  • Total nullity

  • Partial nullity

  • Valid

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: marriage which is void ab initio is a​​ total nullity i.e. it has never come into existence

  • Divorce puts​​ an end to the marital rights and obligations between the parties. The statement is:

  • True

  • False

  • Partly correct

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: the marital obligations end between the parties on obtaining divorce or death of the spouse

  • What is the meaning of​​ Audi Alteram Partem?

  • Hear the other side

  • Hear the other side occasionally

  • Hear the other side partly

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale:​​ Audi alteram partem (or audiatur et altera pars) is a Latin phrase meaning "listen to the other side", or "let the other side be heard as well".​​ It is the principle that no person should be judged without a fair hearing in which each party is given the opportunity to respond to the evidence against them.

  • When two persons are descended from a ‘common ancestor’ by the same ‘wife’ they are said to be related to each other by

  • Half blood

  • Full blood

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ Two persons are said to be related to each other​​ by full blood when they have descended from a common ancestor by the same wife.

 

 

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