HomeEnglish LanguageQuestion Paper for Practice on English Language for CLAT 2020

Question Paper for Practice on English Language for CLAT 2020

Question Paper for Practice on English Language for CLAT 2020

Question Paper for Practice on English Language for CLAT 2020

PASSAGE 1

With great power comes great responsibility, and social networking giant Facebook will need shoulders broad enough to bear the burden. A week ago, after US intelligence agencies warned of foreign interference in the impending polls and President Donald Trump grumbled about rigged postal ballots, Facebook joined Alphabet and Twitter in discussions with federal officials about cleansing platforms of misinformation which could influence the popular will. But in India, the Wall Street Journal reported, action against hate speech by at least four individuals or groups linked to the BJP was opposed on the plea that it would harm Facebook’s business prospects. India is the platform’s biggest market. Since it cannot operate in China, India is crucial for its future prospects. Apart from Anantkumar Hegde and Kapil Mishra, Telangana BJP MLA T Raja Singh was reported internally for crossing the line and his posts were flagged as “promoting or participating in violence.” Apparently, employees policing the network suggested that action should be taken against Singh under the company’s Dangerous Individuals and Organisations policy, under which content can be banned, but Facebook declined to invoke hate speech rules against these individuals and groups, the WSJ reported. In the communal violence in Delhi in February, it has been alleged that a video of Kapil Mishra of the BJP played a role, which Facebook took down after it went viral, but which continued to spread nevertheless on WhatsApp, also a Facebook property. Mark Zuckerberg has argued that politicians need to be heard, but he has also said that Facebook must draw a line on hate speech. It must do so even-handedly, and irrespective of geography and business interests. Last year, just before elections, when it cracked down on fake accounts, it took down over 700 pages that were found linked to both the Congress and the BJP. As the digital technology hailed for giving voice to all turns into an echo-chamber in which dangerous voices, amplified by the power they wield, carry further than others, platforms cannot be seen to be playing favourites, anywhere. Facebook must be seen to be agnostic to ideology, and not succumb to the urge to reduce business risk in certain locations by shifting the goalpost or lowering the bar. If it acts against white supremacists and militant black organisations in Trump’s America, it must do so with the equivalent of such groups in India, too. One of the problems seems to be that the people responsible for platform integrity also interface with governments and have to nurture relationships with the establishment. Stung by poll-related scandals in the US and UK, and by a recent advertisers’ boycott, Facebook should resolve this obvious conflict of interest, or risk losing brand value globally.

QUESTIONS

  • In which of the following countries can facebook not operate?

  • USA

  • UK

  • India

  • China

Ans. d

Rationale: India is the platform’s biggest market. Since it cannot operate in China, India is crucial for its future prospects.

  • Which of the following social media platforms are owned by Mark Zukerberg?

  • Twitter

  • Alphabet

  • Whatsapp​​ 

  • Youtube

Ans. c

Rationale: WhatsApp is also a Facebook property

  • What can lead facebook to lose its brand value?

  • It should do something about discrimination in India

  • Resolve conflict of interest between USA and UK scandals

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: Stung by poll-related scandals in the US and UK, and by a recent advertisers’ boycott, Facebook should resolve this obvious conflict of interest, or risk losing brand value globally

  • While drawing line on hate speech, facebook should consider which of the following things?

  • do it even-handedly, and irrespective of geography and business interests

  • treat everyone equally and allow everyone to speak their mind

  • both a and b

  • none of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: Facebook must draw a line on hate speech. It must do so even-handedly, and irrespective of geography and business interests.

  • What is the meaning of the word ‘succumb’ as used in the passage?

  • To stop fighting against something

  • To accuse someone of the offence

  • To suppress a material fact

  • To allow equal representation

Ans. a

Rationale: Succumb means to stop fighting against something

PASSAGE 2

India has never experienced negative economic growth since 1979-80, and before that in 1972-73, 1965-66 and 1957-58. All these were drought years with 1957-58 also registering a significant balance of payments (BOP) deterioration and 1979-80 witnessing the second global oil shock following the Iranian Revolution. The real GDP decline of 5-10 per cent that various agencies are projecting for 2020-21 would be the country’s first ever not​​ triggered/accompanied by an agricultural or a BOP crisis. This time round, not only have farmers harvested a bumper rabi crop, and look set to repeat it in the ongoing kharif season, public cereal stocks at 94.42 million tonnes as on July 1 were also 2.3 times the required level. The January-March 2020 quarter was the first in 13 years to have recorded a current account BOP surplus. June even saw a surplus on the merchandise trade account for the first time after January 2002. Foreign exchange reserves were at an all-time high of $538.19 billion on August 7, rising by $60.38 billion since end-March amidst the novel coronavirus and the lockdown. That makes the current contraction totally different from the previous ones which were “supply-side” induced. There’s no shortage today of food, forex or even savings: Aggregate deposits with commercial banks as of July 31 were Rs 14.17 lakh crore or 11.1 per cent higher than a year ago. The closest parallel one could draw is with the 2000-01 to 2002-03 period of the Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led government. The Food Corporation of India’s (FCI) grain stocks in July 2002 were 2.6 times the buffer norm and the country ran current account surpluses in 2001-02 and 2002-03. But the economy didn’t contract then; growth merely fell from 8 per cent in 1999-2000 to an average of 4.5 cent during the next three years. What we now have is a classic “western-style” demand slowdown that post COVID-19 has turned into a full-fledged recession bereft of consumption and investment demand. Households have cut spending as they have suffered income, if not job, losses. Even those with jobs are saving more than spending because they aren’t sure when their luck would run out. The same goes with businesses. Many have shut or are operating at a fraction of their capacity and pre-lockdown staff strength. The ones still making profits are conserving cash. If at all they are investing, it is to buy out struggling competitors and not to create new capacities. Just as households are uncertain about jobs and incomes, firms don’t know when demand for their products will really return. This demand-side uncertainty and the resulting economic contraction is something new to India. And it stands out in a situation where food stocks and forex reserves are at record highs. Meanwhile, banks are also facing a problem of plenty. While their deposits are up 11.1 per cent, the corresponding credit growth has been just Rs 5.37 lakh crore or 5.5 per cent. With very little credit demand, the bulk of their incremental deposits are being invested in government securities, which have increased year-on-year by Rs 7.21 lakh crore or 20.3 per cent.

QUESTIONS

  • India witnessed global oil shock in which of the following years?

  • 1972-73

  • 1965-66 ​​ 

  • 1957-58

  • 1979-80

Ans. d

Rationale: India has never experienced negative economic growth since 1979-80, and before that in 1972-73, 1965-66 and 1957-58. All these were drought years with 1957-58 also registering a significant balance of payments (BOP) deterioration and 1979-80 witnessing the second global oil shock following the Iranian Revolution.

  • What type of investments is being made during the time of pandemic?

  • Buying new assets at low rates

  • Buying struggling competitors

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: If at all they are investing, it is to buy out struggling competitors and not to create new capacities.

  • The projected decline in 2020-21 of real GDP of India shall be different because:

  • It would be the country’s first ever not triggered/accompanied by an agricultural or a BOP crisis

  • With very little credit demand, the bulk of banks incremental deposits are being invested in government securities, which have increased year-on-year by Rs 7.21 lakh crore or 20.3 per cent

  • The Food Corporation of India’s (FCI) grain stocks in July 2002 were 2.6 times the buffer norm and the country ran current account surpluses in 2001-02 and 2002-03

  • All the above

Ans. a

Rationale: The real GDP decline of 5-10 per cent that various agencies are projecting for 2020-21 would be the country’s first ever not triggered/accompanied by an agricultural or a BOP crisis.

  • The condition of food grains in 2020-21 is parallel to the situation of which years?

  • 2001-02

  • 1999-2000

  • 1979-80

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: The closest parallel one could draw is with the 2000-01 to 2002-03 period of the Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led government. The Food Corporation of India’s (FCI) grain stocks in July 2002 were 2.6 times the buffer norm and the country ran current account surpluses in 2001-02 and 2002-03

  • Find the word in the passage which has the same meaning as of ‘devoid’

  • Forex

  • Merchandise

  • Bereft

  • Drought

Ans. c

Rationale: bereft is a synonym of devoid and they both mean to having lost something

 

 

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Aditya Anand
Aditya is 93.1% sure that he knows Japanese. We think he speaks Japanese in Bhojpuri accent.

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