Practice Questions on Prefix-Suffix for CLAT 2020

Practice Questions​​ on Prefix-Suffix​​ for CLAT 2020

PASSAGE 1​​ 

SOURCE:​​ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/general-english/magazine/yoga​​ 

Most people know yoga as a kind of exercise which aims at developing strength and flexibility. To practise yoga, you learn a series of ‘postures’, where you put your body into different positions. The correct breathing is also important. However, yoga is really about more than just exercise. In 2014, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, asked the United Nations to create an International Day of Yoga, saying that yoga ‘is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world and nature’. He felt that yoga could not just help people to be healthier but also help connect people to each other and to nature. The United Nations agreed, and International Yoga Day is now celebrated on 21 June.​​ The history of yoga goes back at least 5,000 years, and some people claim it is nearer 10,000 years ago. It was first developed in Northern India and at this stage was a spiritual as well as a physical form of exercise, connected with both Hinduism and Buddhism. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, yoga was introduced to the Western world when Swami Vivekananda travelled to the United States to talk about yoga at a conference in Chicago in 1893. Others followed in the 1920s and 1930s, and by the 1960s yoga had become a very popular form of exercise in the United States and in Europe. Most people who practise yoga today do not do it for spiritual reasons.​​ Yoga is good for the mind and body. Regular practice of yoga helps people to improve their balance and stamina. Although you won’t really get out of breath, like you​​ might play​​ football or running, it does help to keep your heart healthy and you can lose weight. It can also help with back pain.

The breathing taught in yoga can help people to reduce stress and anxiety. There are lots of different possible breathing patterns you can do. Yoga also improves concentration and helps people to sleep better, so it’s great for anyone who’s under pressure at work or in their studies.​​ There are lots of different types of yoga, so you can choose what suits you best. Hatha Yoga is often good for beginners, because you hold each position for a few breaths. In Vinyasa Yoga you change position much more quickly and you might get out of breath. It’s​​ quite challenging if you haven’t done much yoga before. Bikram Yoga is sometimes called ‘hot yoga’, because the room must be heated to around 40 degrees. As well as these and other more traditional forms of yoga, there are also some more unusual modern forms of yoga. For example, you might enjoy ‘laughter yoga’, where people do breathing exercises and laugh about nothing in particular – laughing is very good for your health. Or what about ‘Aeroyoga’, where you do yoga while you are hanging from the ceiling? It’s supposed to be very good for your back. Or ‘Doga’, where you do yoga together with your pet dog? Whatever kind of yoga you choose, there are definitely some health benefits, and you should have fun too.

Question:​​ Indentify the suffix or prefix used in the following words as mentioned in the passage:

  • Oneness

  • One

  • Ness

  • Ess

  • On

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ The suffix used here is ‘ness’ and it depicts ‘state of being. The word ‘one’ with suffix ‘ness’ depicts state of being one and together.

  • Exercise

  • Ex

  • Ise

  • Cise

  • None of the above

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ in the word ‘exercise’ no suffix or prefix is used as if we remove ‘ex’ then the remaining word has no independent meaning.

  • Beginners

  • Er

  • Ner

  • Be

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale:​​ in the word ‘beginner’ suffix ‘er’ is used which refers to a person. The word ‘begin’ when joined with the suffix ‘er’ it means the person who is new to something.

  • Unusual

  • Al

  • Un

  • Sual

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ in the word ‘unusual’ prefix ‘un’ which means ‘not’. When ‘un’ is joined with ‘usual’, it depicts something which is not usual.

  • Running

  • Run

  • Ng

  • Ing

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale:​​ in the word ‘running’, suffix ‘ing’ is used which refers to continuous​​ action.

 

PASSAGE 2​​ 

SOURCE:​​ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/general-english/magazine/mindfulness

Have you ever driven somewhere and realised when you arrived that you couldn’t really remember anything about the journey? Or have you ever eaten a whole packet of biscuits when you were planning to only have one? Or have you stayed up much later than you planned, or even all night, watching ‘just one more’ episode of a TV series? All of these are examples of mindlessness. When we live this way, we are not fully awake and not fully living our lives. When we are mindful, we are more conscious of our thoughts, our actions and what is happening around us. We might notice a beautiful sunset or really listen carefully to what a friend is saying, rather than planning what we’re going to say next. We are also more aware of our own feelings and our thoughts. Jon Kabat Zinn, who has done a lot to make mindfulness popular, says mindfulness is: ‘Paying attention, on purpose, in the present moment, and without judging.’​​ So we are consciously deciding what to pay attention to, we are not worrying​​ about the past or planning for the future and we are not trying to control or stop our thoughts or feelings – we’re just noticing them. For most people life is getting busier and busier. Technology means that we always have something to do and there isn’t much opportunity to just ‘be’. People are often doing two or three things at the same time: texting while watching TV, or even looking at their phone while walking along the pavement. People are working longer hours and bringing work home. All this can make us stressed, and mindfulness can be a way of reducing this stress. Research shows that mindfulness reduces stress and depression. It can help you to concentrate, have a better memory and to think more clearly. It can also help people to manage pain better and to improve their sleep, and it can even help you lose weight because you won’t eat that whole packet of biscuits without thinking!

Mindfulness Day is celebrated on 12 September, so maybe that would be a good day to try a few mindfulness techniques and see if they make a difference. But, of course, you can try these on any day of the year.​​ A very simple technique that you could try right now is to close your eyes for a couple of minutes and count how many sounds you can hear. This will help to focus you on what is happening right now. Another technique is to focus on a piece of food, typically a raisin. Instead of eating it without thinking, slow down. Look carefully at it and notice how it feels in your fingers. Smell it. Then put it on your tongue and taste it. Only then start to eat it slowly, noticing how it feels and how it tastes. Both of these techniques force you to slow down and focus on the present moment, and there are plenty of other ideas you can find online if you want to try mindfulness for yourself.​​ 

Question: Indentify the suffix or prefix used in the following words as mentioned in the passage:

  • Depression

  • Ion

  • Sion

  • De

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ in the word ‘depression’ the suffix ‘sion’ is used which refers to state of being is added to the word ‘depress’. The word ‘depression’ means the state of being of depressed.​​ 

  • Consciously

  • Ly

  • Ous

  • Co

  • Sly

Ans. a

Rationale:​​ to the word ‘conscious’ the suffix ‘ly’ which means quality. The word consciously refers to the quality of being conscious.

  • Mindful

  • Ful

  • Full

  • Mi

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale:​​ to the word ‘mind’, suffix ‘ful’ is added which means ‘full of something’. The word ‘mindful’ refers to full of mind.

  • Research

  • Rch

  • Re

  • Res

  • Arch

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ the​​ prefix‘re’​​ which means ‘again’ and it is added to the word ‘search’ which means searching again.​​ 

  • Pavement

  • Ent

  • Pave

  • Ment

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale:​​ the suffix ‘ment’ which means​​ condition it is added to the word ‘pave’ which means to cover with something. The word ‘pavement’ refers to condition of covering the surface.

 

 

 

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