Practice Questions on Offences Against Property: Theft, Extortion, Robbery and Dacoity

Practice Questions on​​ Offences Against Property: Theft, Extortion, Robbery and Dacoity

  • Anil threatens Reena that he will make her indecent photos public if she does not hand over him her gold watch. Reena gets very scared and decides to give him the watch but when she reaches on the spot, she gathers courage and inform about it to the policeman standing nearby. The police arrests Anil but he pleads innocence. Decide the guilt of Anil.

  • Anil is guilty of extortion

  • Anil is guilty of robbery

  • Anil is guilty of attempt to extortion

  • Anil is guilty of theft

Ans. c

Rationale: Anil puts Reena into fear in order to extort gold watch from her but Reena does not actually delivers the watch, thus he is liable for attempt to extortion.

  • A puts a bait for dogs in his pocket and thus induces Z’s dog to follow him in order to take him. The dog moves across the lane but on seeing Z he returns back with him. Z sues A, decide the guilt of A

  • Attempt to theft​​ 

  • Theft

  • Extortion

  • Attempt to extortion

Ans. b

Rationale: the dog of A moves from his position with the inducement caused by Z without the consent of A, hence offence of theft is committed.

  • A, saw a ring belonging to Z on a table in the house of Z. A removes the ring​​ and hides it under the carpet with an intention to take it afterwards. What offence has been committed?

  • Theft

  • Cheating

  • Mischief

  • Misappropriation

Ans. a

Rationale: A moved the ring with dishonest intention to take it afterwards thus he has committed the offence of theft.

  • Z by putting D in fear of grievous hurt dishonestly induces him to affix his seal on a blank paper and deliver it to Z. D signs and delivers the paper to Z.

What offence has Z committed?

  • Robbery

  • Theft

  • Mischief

  • Extortion

Ans. d

Rationale: the paper so signed can be converted into valuable security and it is delivered by D under fear of grievous hurt, thus offence of extortion is committed.

  • A along with B, C, D and E collects the weapons in order to threaten Z for extraction of his gold ornaments, when they proceeded towards Z’s house they were arrested by the police. For what offence are they liable?

  • Attempt to robbery

  • Attempt to theft

  • Preparation of robbery

  • Preparation of dacoity

Ans. d

Rationale: robbery when committed by 5 or more persons is termed as dacoity and dacoity is the only offence which is punishable at its preparation stage as when 5 or more persons sharing common intention commits robbery or attempts to commit robbery or aids in the commission of robbery, they all become liable for the offence of dacoity.

  • Principle: whoever, intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft.

Factual situation: Balu and Ram are close friends. One day Ram went to Balu’s house and saw a mobile belonging to Balu’s sister, who came for a holiday. Ram​​ took the phone and put his SIM card in it and started using it.

  • Ram is guilty of theft.

  • Ram is not guilty of theft as he was free to take anything from Balu’s custody.

  • Ram is guilty of criminal misappropriation.

  • Ram is not guilty of any offence as he and Balu are good friends

Ans. a

Rationale: Ram dishonestly moved the phone of Balu’s sister and started using it without obtaining the consent and caused wrongful ​​ gain to himself, thus he is liable for theft.

  • Under the Indian Penal Code, 1860, ‘theft’ is an offence against-

  • Ownership

  • Possession

  • Entrustment

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: the real test of theft is possession and not ownership. Theft is committed when a property is dishonestly moved out of possession; it is not necessary that the person from whose possession the property is taken is the true owner or has the real title of the property.

  • Rohan snatched away the phone of Sohan​​ and while he was taking away the phone he accidentally caused hurt on Sohan’s hand. Decide the liability of Rohan.

  • Rohan is guilty of ​​ attempt to theft

  • Rohan is guilty of attempt to robbery

  • Rohan is guilty of ​​ theft

  • Rohan is guilty of ​​ robbery

Ans. c

Rationale: to convert theft into robbery, presence of instant fear is important and the hurt caused must be voluntarily i.e. it should not be accidental.

  • A meets a bullock carrying a box of treasure. He drives the bullock in a certain direction in order that he may dishonestly take the treasure. In this case A commits:

  • Criminal misappropriation of property

  • No offence until the treasure is being taken away

  • Theft, as soon as the bullock begins to move

  • Criminal breach of trust

Ans. c

Rationale: the box of treasure is kept in the bullock and as soon as bullock starts moving with the direction of A with dishonest intention, offence of theft is committed.

  • ​​ Statement I: A the owner of a watch, gives his watch for repair against a charge to B A however, took away the watch after repairing without paying any charge and without the consent of B. A has made himself liable for theft as he has acted with dishonest intention at the time of taking his watch back.

Statement II: The offence of theft is an offence against possession.

  • Both the statements are individually true and statement II is the correct explanation of statement I

  • Both the statements are individually true and statement II is not the correct explanation of statement I

  • Statement I is true but statement II is false

  • Statement I is false but statement II is true

Ans. a

Rationale: the real test of theft is possession and not ownership. Theft is committed when a property is dishonestly moved out of possession; it is not necessary that the person from whose possession the property is taken is the true owner or has the real title of the property.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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