Practice Questions on Culpable Homicide and Murder

Practice Questions on Culpable Homicide and Murder

  • ‘A’ under the influence passion excited by a provocation given by Z intentionally kills Y who is child of Z. The offence committed by A is:

  • Infanticide

  • Manslaughter

  • Culpable homicide amounting to murder

  • Culpable homicide not amounting to murder

Ans. c

Rationale:​​ defence of exception is not given if the person commits the crime with full intention, thus he shall be liable for murder.

  • The plea of sudden and grave provocation as an exception of murder is:

  • Question of law

  • Question of fact

  • Mixed question of law and fact

  • Presumption under law

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ whether in a case defence of grave sudden and provocation can be used is to be gathered from the facts and circumstances of the case.

  • Culpable homicide is not murder if done under:

  • Intoxication

  • Sudden and grave provocation

  • Irresistible impulse

  • All of the above

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ a person shall not be liable for murder if exercises any exception to murder. Grave and sudden provocation is an exception to murder.

  • X knows Y is suffering from a particular disease in which he can die if given a simple blow. X causes a simple blow to Y with an intention to cause bodily injury. Y dies. X is guilty of:

  • Murder

  • Culpable homicide not amounting to murder

  • Grievous hurt

  • Simple hurt

Ans. a

Rationale:​​ A person, who causes bodily injury to another who is labouring under a disorder, disease or bodily infirmity, and thereby accelerates the death of that other, shall be deemed to have caused his death. The person shall be liable of murder if had the intention to do so.

  • X inflicts one spear thrust in the abdominal region of Y which penetrates deep with the result that three coils of intestine come out when he takes out spear. Y dies next day. It is proved in evidence that X did not want to kill Y outright but only intended to cause bodily injury. X is liable:

  • Culpable homicide not amounting to murder

  • Grievous hurt

  • Culpable homicide amounting to murder

  • Attempt to murder

Ans. c

Rationale:​​ if a person did not intend to cause death but he had an intention to cause such bodily injury which is sufficient to cause death in its consequence then also the person shall be liable for the culpable homicide.

  • ‘A’ appears as a witness before Z, a magistrate, Z says that he does not believe a word of A’s deposition, and that A has perjured himself. A is moved to sudden passion by these words and kills Z. This is:

  • Grave and sudden provocation

  • Murder

  • Culpable homicide not amounting to murder

  • All the above

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ the provocation of Z is not grave thus A shall be liable for murder.

  • A snake charmer while showing his play claims to cure the snake bite. The deceased got himself a snake bite believing on assurance of the snake charmer. The snake charmer could​​ not​​ cure the deceased. The snake charmer is liable for:

  • Murder

  • Cheating

  • Culpable homicide not amounting murder

  • No offence

Ans. a

Rationale:​​ 4.Imminently dangerous that it must, in all probability, causes​​ death or such bodily injury as is likely to cause death: an imminently dangerous act is done in general and the person committing such act knows that it is likely to cause death. The knowledge on the part of offender must be of highest degree of probability.

  • X intending to kill Y by​​ poisoning​​ purchases poison and mixes the same with a glass of milk. He gives the glass to Z to serve it to Y. Z drinks the milk​​ and dies. Which one of the following statements is correct in this context?

  • X commits no offence as Z drinks the milk voluntarily

  • X commits the offence of abetment of suicide by Z

  • X commits the offence if death by rash or negligent act

  • X commits the offence of murder

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ Section 301 of IPC provides for transfer of malice i.e. if ‘A’ makes a thrust at B and C throwing himself between the two dies. ‘A’ will be guilty of killing C as if he had been liable against B as one cannot be condemned if his mens rea relates to one crime and actus reus to different crime. The difference of person can make no difference in the offence or its consequences. The culpable homicide committed by the offender shall be of the description of which it would have been if he had caused the death of the person whose death he intended or knew himself to be likely to cause.

  • ‘A’ intentionally causes B’s death partly by illegally omitting to give food and partly beating. A has committed the offence of:

  • Culpable homicide not amounting to murder

  • Murder

  • Grievous hurt

  • Hurt

Ans. b

Rationale: With the intention of causing such bodily injury as the offender knows to be likely to cause the death: there is intention to cause particular injury which turns out to be likely to cause death i.e.​​ the intention of the accused was to cause such bodily injury which he knew is likely to cause death

  • Intending to kill ‘A’ instead killed B whom he had no intention to kill. Under which doctrine is he liable?

  • Doctrine of transfer of malice

  • Doctrine of extended malice

  • Doctrine of mens rea

  • Doctrine of ​​ diminished responsibility

Ans. a

Rationale: Section 301 of IPC provides for transfer of malice i.e. if ‘A’ makes a thrust at B and C throwing himself between the two dies. ‘A’ will be guilty of killing C as if he had been liable against B as one cannot be condemned if his mens rea relates to one crime and actus reus to different crime.

 

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