Passage Based Practice Questions on Prefix and Suffix

Passage Based Practice Questions on Prefix and Suffix

Passage 1

Source: (http://www.english-for-students.com/stories-for-students.html)

Archimedes was a Greek scientist. He lives in Syracuse nearly 200 years ago. The King of the land wanted to wear a Golden Crown. He gave some gold to a goldsmith to make a suitable crown. After few days, the goldsmith brought the finished crown to the King. The crown was weighed. The weight of the crown was equal to the gold given to the goldsmith by the King. The King looked at the colour of the crown.​​ He had a suspicion. The goldsmith could have stolen some gold from the gold given to him. The King wanted to find out the truth. He asked his court scientist Archimedes to find out. The King said, “Find out how much gold had been stolen?"​​ How to find out the truth? Archimedes thought about the problem day and night. One day he was about to have his bath, but he was busy thinking. He did not notice the bathtub. The water in the bathtub was already full to the brim. He slid into the bathtub. Immediately a large quantity of water flowed over the brim of the bath tub. He noticed this suddenly. His brain wave worked suddenly. He jumped out of the bathtub, shouting, “Eureka! Eureka!" Eureka in Greek means “I have found it."​​ Different metals of the same weight have different volumes. Objects, put in water, will displace water. The displaced water will be equal to their volume.​​ For example, an iron cube weighing a kilogram will disperse some water. But​​ aluminium’s​​ cube of the same weight will displace more water than the iron cube. Archimedes knew all these theories. Using this as the basic knowledge, Archimedes worked out a plan to find out the purity of the crown.​​ Archimedes took two bowls. He filled them with water to the brim. Then he placed each bowl separately in the middle of the large vessels. He placed the crown in one bowl. Water overflowed. It collected at the bottom of the outer vessel. Then he took a cube of pure gold. This cube of gold was equal in weight to the crown. He kept this gold cube in the middle of the second bowl. Here also water overflowed. Water got collected at the bottom of the outer bowl.​​ Archimedes then measured the quantity of water in the two vessels. He found out the difference in the water overflow. The crown had sent out more water. The cube of gold had sent out less water. But both the crown and the gold cube were of​​ the same weight. So, they should have sent out the same quantity of water. Therefore, the crown had some other metals mixed in it. These metals took up more space in the water than pure gold.​​ Archimedes reported this finding to the King. The King demanded the truth from the goldsmith. The goldsmith then confessed. He had stolen some gold. He had added some other metals.

Question: Indentify the suffix or prefix used in the following words as mentioned in the passage:

  • Suspicion

  • Ion

  • Cion

  • Su​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. a​​ 

Rationale: in the word​​ ‘suspicion’​​ the suffix ‘ion’ is used which denotes the action. Thus suspicion means an act to suspect.

  • Immediately

  • Ly

  • Im​​ 

  • tely

  • y

Ans. a

Rationale: to the word ‘immediate’ the suffix ‘ly’ which means quality​​ or related to. The word​​ immediately​​ refers to​​ something done with immediate effect.

  • Collected

  • Ed

  • Co

  • Ted​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: to the word ‘collect’, suffix ‘ed’ is added which is used to depict the action done in past.

  • Displace

  • Ce​​ 

  • Dis​​ 

  • Di​​ 

  • Place​​ 

Ans. b

Rationale: the prefix​​ ‘dis’ which​​ is used to denote something negative. Thus displace refers to removing thing from a particular place

  • Quantity

  • Ty​​ 

  • Qu​​ 

  • Tity​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ in the word ‘quantity’ no suffix or prefix is used as if we remove ‘ty’ then the remaining word has no independent meaning.

Passage 2

Source: (https://www.lawteacher.net/free-law-essays/judicial-law/)

Judges are also striving to please the public. It is for this reason that there is another perception of the role of courts. This alternative understanding put forward by Vanberg (2015). The view is that courts guard the rights of citizens and act as a check on the power of the government. Following the fall of the Communist regime in Bulgaria, a constitutional court was created to curb the powers of majorities in the legislature. RHS Crossman supports this opinion stating, “The​​ traditional function” of courts is to “defend individuals rights against encroachment”. This is connected to the politics of rights argument Tate (1995) puts forward. Tate makes the case that the significance of the role judges play in policymaking is increased in a system where there is a “formal acceptance of the principle that individuals or minorities have rights that can be enforced against the will of putative majorities”. This politics of rights can be manipulated by groups to further their own interests through the courts and thus the politics of rights become the politics of interests. This is undeniably at odds with the view that courts simply represent the law as the law itself is then political. Under this politics of interests understanding there is undeniable incentives to nominate and appoint compatible judges. With such an incentive present it is natural that judges are strategically appointed strategically politically and act politically strategically themselves, thus making them politicians.​​ Judicialization is when the “province” of judges and courts grows at the expense of politicians. This process is instrumental in judges being and becoming politicians. Judicial power is expanding, and it is shaping politics.​​ Rather than simply being ‘negative legislators’ constitutional courts possess political power. The courts may restructure policy-making environments. They may encourage certain legislation while disregarding other solutions. Judges have the influence for their suggestions to be written directly into legislation (Stone, 1995). This is particularly the case in European style systems. In a sequence where the court acts first and the government last judges may constrain the legislative but never vice versa (Epstein et al., 2001). This can be seen through the increasing prevalence of​​ auto limitation. In Germany members of Parliament give legal arguments too much consideration when they are legislating. This increases the scope and weight of constitutional court judgements.​​ Judicialization is empirically verifiable. Hence, we can further show judges behaving as politicians. The influence of courts can be analysed by tracking how legislation is influenced because of constitutional argument. Judicial review is politically constructed, and elected officials have political reasons for empowering courts. The scope of judges’ influence has extended. Very few policy areas are now insulated from judicial intervention. Aharon Barak asserts that “nothing falls beyond the purview of judicial review; the world is filled with law; anything and everything is​​ justifiable”.​​ 

Question: Indentify the suffix or prefix used in the following words as mentioned in the passage:

  • Restructure​​ 

  • Ure​​ 

  • Re

  • Res

  • Ture​​ 

Ans. b

Rationale: the prefix used is‘re’ which means ‘again’ and it is added to the word ‘structure’ which means structuring again.​​ 

  • Limitation​​ 

  • Lim​​ 

  • Tion​​ 

  • Ion​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale: in the word​​ ‘limitation’ the suffix ‘ion’ is used which denotes the action. Thus limitation means an act to limit.

  • Directly​​ ​​ 

  • Ly​​ 

  • Di​​ 

  • Tly​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: in the word​​ ‘directly’ the suffix ‘ly’ which means quality. The word directly refers to the quality of being direct.

  • Opinion​​ 

  • Op

  • Ion​​ 

  • On​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale: in the word ‘opinion’ the suffix ‘ion’ is used which denotes the action. Thus opinion means an act to give a statement of advice.​​ 

  • Review​​ 

  • Ew​​ 

  • View​​ 

  • Re​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale: in the word ‘review’ the prefix used is‘re’ which means ‘again’ and it is added to the word ‘view’ which means viewing again

 

 

 

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