New Pattern Practice Paper for English Language of CLAT

New Pattern Practice Paper for English Language of CLAT

Source: (https://www.drishtiias.com/mains/model-essays/changes-that-will-change-india)

No political setup can be successful without​​ effective, efficient administrative machinery which is able to translate vision into reality. A socialistic ambition, as pure and well-intentioned it may be, is ineffective if it is not complemented with managerial efficiency i.e. the ‘how’ of governance. An informal discussion with an average Indian businessman will reveal difficulty of doing business in India. As many functions in a business that many regulators are in govt – labour inspections, emission watch by NGT, construction monitoring by​​ municipalities, Forex regulations by RBI, equity market by SEBI, taxation by I.T, Sales tax dept, CBEC, etc, and so on. Furthermore, there are legal hurdles- delays in land acquisition, federal issues, fuel supply shortage, sluggish freight movement, poor infrastructure, no buyer’s protection. In each of these sub sectors we need a change. Labour Reforms from Rajasthan, time bound, transparent land acquisition from​​ Gujarat, reliable procurement of electricity as in​​ Chhattisgarh, robust credit supply as in Maharashtra, seamless mines to industry to market to consumer connectivity as in Gujarat west coast, one stop clearances as in Telangana’s innovative Right to Clearance, effective dispute resolution mechanism and minimum labour unrest as in Punjab. Solutions are scattered. Centre should be a facilitator in integrating these dispersed solutions and fitting them as per local requirements. This will flourish Make in India campaign harnessing our demographic dividend and pushing us at par with China type economies. Industrial reforms also mean venturing into new sunrise sectors, going beyond textiles, jewellery, I.T and finance,. Sectors like Food Processing hold an immense potential as they have a forward and backward linkage impact benefitting farmers, consumers and economy as a whole. Similarly, Tourism, being labour intensive, local, traditionally exposed, sector that too requiring minimum capital investment in a geographically gifted country like ours is a blessing we have not availed so far. Likewise, Education sector too holds a promise. India can create a cadre of ‘Indian Education Service’ which will export teachers to the world capturing the minds of people into local tunes and this will be real victory that no hard power can beat. India will restore its status of ‘Jagat Guru’ once again, in post Ashokan era as envisaged by Swami Vivekananda.

Questions

  • How can India come at par which the economies like that of China?

  • Providing minimum labour

  • Integrating dispersed solutions

  • Reliable procurement of electricity

  • Seamless mines to industry to market to consumer connectivity

Ans. c

Rationale: Solutions are scattered. Centre should be a facilitator in integrating these dispersed solutions and fitting them as per local requirements. This will flourish Make​​ in India campaign harnessing our demographic dividend and pushing us at par with China type economies.

  • The concept of ‘Jagat Guru’ was envisaged in which era?

  • Vivekanadan era

  • Ashokan era

  • Mughal era

  • Buddhist era

Ans. b

Rationale: India will restore its status of ‘Jagat Guru’ once again, in post Ashokan era as envisaged by Swami Vivekananda.

  • According to the passage which of the following industries is labour intensive?

  • Tourism and textiles

  • Tourism and jewellery

  • Agricultural and textiles

  • Agricultural and tourism

Ans. d

Rationale: Sectors like Food Processing hold an immense potential as they have a forward and backward linkage impact benefitting farmers, consumers and economy as a whole. Similarly, Tourism, being labour intensive, local, traditionally exposed, sector that too requiring minimum capital investment in a geographically gifted country like ours is a blessing we have not availed so far.

  • A political set up shall be inefficient if it lacks which of the following?

  • What and how the governance will function

  • How the governance will function

  • Ineffective vision

  • Efficient administrative machinery

Ans. b

Rationale: No political setup can be successful without effective, efficient administrative machinery which is able to translate vision into reality. A socialistic ambition, as pure and well-intentioned it may be, is ineffective if it is not complemented with managerial efficiency i.e. the ‘how’ of governance.

  • What do you understand by the term​​ ‘federal’?

  • Where people are free to profess any religion

  • When equal opportunities are available to everyone

  • When there is fair representation of every sect of society

  • Where states have independent rights regarding internal affairs

Ans. d

Rationale: ‘federal’ means having or relating to a system of government in which several states form a unity but remain independent in internal affairs.

Passage 2

Source: (https://www.drishtiias.com/mains/model-essays/national-identity-and-patriotism)

A nation is formed by the set of people who inhabit a certain geographical landmass, are a part of a consolidated political unit, have shared rights and duties, follow a common legal system and so on. But more than all of this, a nation is an expression of people’s ideas and aspirations. These ideas have originated, condensed, changed, evolved, lost and re-gained prominence over tens of centuries and so have the geographical boundaries and the political systems associated with them. These very ideas and aspirations of people are expressed in the various symbols and rituals which a nation chooses for itself as its motifs. The internalization of and identification with these symbols and rituals constitutes what is called as national identity at the level of political or even in day to day parlance. The respect, admiration and loyalty towards these symbols and rituals, which are in turn representation of the nation- its people, is what is called patriotism. National identity, although a collective idea, yet can be read as the most important of the multiple identities an individual subscribes to in contemporary times. It has played an immense role in evolution of the social and the political world as it looks today. Meanwhile, patriotism has been the driving force in formation, articulation and assertion of the national identity. Therefore an essay on ‘National Identity and Patriotism’ becomes not only an exercise at comprehending the wider meanings and ramifications of these terms but is also an attempt to look at the debates surrounding these terms in our history and present times. In this process, we have to look at the various theories regarding their origin, story of their growth and conflicting prophecies about their probable future in a globalised and technology driven world.​​ National identity derives itself from the idea of Nation-State. Nation-Sate themselves have their own history. While there are various theories regarding the origins of Nation-States, it is generally agreed upon that the bases of the Modern Nation States were laid after the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648. It led to the formation of Classical Nation States of Northern and Western Europe. It also laid the foundation for the growth of Nationalism. This ultimately led to formation and consolidation of Second generation of Nation States such as Italy, Germany, and countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The process of decolonization in the aftermath of Second World War saw the emergence of third generation of nation-states in the African and Asian Continents. The process of the formation of Nation-States continued till the end of 20th century when several new nations emerged in the aftermath of the decline and disintegration of USSR. The emergence of Kosovo in South-Eastern Europe and Southern Sudan in Africa highlight the fact that the process of Nation-Formation is still on, even in the 21st century.

Questions

  • Treaty of Westphalia led to the formation of which of the following states?

  • Northern and southern Europe

  • Northern and central Europe

  • Northern and western Europe

  • Northern and eastern Europe

Ans. c

Rationale: it is generally agreed upon that the bases of the Modern Nation States were laid after the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648. It led to the formation of Classical Nation States of Northern and Western Europe.

  • Identify the Second Generation Nations:

  • Italy, Germany, and countries of Central and Eastern Europe

  • Italy, Germany, and countries of Western and Eastern Europe

  • Italy, Germany, and countries of Northern and Eastern Europe

  • Italy, Africa, and countries of Central and Eastern Europe

Ans. a

Rationale: This ultimately led to formation and consolidation of Second generation of Nation States such as Italy, Germany, and countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  • What do you understand by the term motifs?

  • Expression of ideas and aspirations of people

  • Symbols and rituals expressing people’s ideas

  • The motivation leading people’s ideas and aspirations

  • The motive behind people’s ideas

Ans. b

Rationale: These very ideas and aspirations of people are expressed in the various symbols and rituals which a nation chooses for itself as its motifs.

  • What is the difference between the term ‘motif’ and ‘patriotism’?

  • Motif is the list of ideas of the people whereas patriotism is the respect for these ideas

  • Motifs are the symbols representing people’s ideas whereas patriotism is the respect towards these ideas

  • Motifs are the motive behind people’s ideas whereas patriotism is the representation of the nation- its people

  • Motifs are the symbols representing people’s ideas whereas patriotism is the representation of the nation- its people

Ans. b

Rationale: These very ideas and aspirations of people are expressed in the various symbols and rituals which a nation chooses for itself as its motifs. The respect, admiration and loyalty towards these symbols and rituals, which are in turn representation of the nation- its people, is what is called patriotism.

  • Find the correct meaning of the word ‘articulation’

  • Giving a positive speech of ideas

  • Giving a negative speech of ideas

  • Deciding the pattern of speech according to the idea

  • Expression of words and ideas

Ans. d

Rationale: Articulation is the act of expressing something in a coherent verbal form, or an aspect of pronunciation involving the articulatory organs.

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