Mock Test 6 by CLATalogue and CLATapult for CLAT 2020

Mock Test 6 by CLATalogue and CLATapult for CLAT 2020

ENGLISH

I.​​ Before we get to the forbidden conversation, let me describe for you the view from my writing desk. Some writers may wish to shut the window or move to another room. But I cannot. So you will have to bear with me, because it is in this landscape that I heat my stove and store my pots and pans. It is here that I make my literature.

Today marks the one hundred and ninety-third day of the Indian government’s shutdown of the internet in Kashmir. After months of having no access to mobile data or broadband, seven million Kashmiris, who live under the densest military occupation in the world, have been allowed to view what is known as a white list—a handful of government-approved websites. These include a few selected news portals, but not the social media that Kashmiris so depend on, given the hostility towards them of the mainstream Indian media, to put out their versions of their lives. In other words, Kashmir now has a formally firewalled internet, which could well be the future for many of us in the world. It’s the equivalent of giving a thirsty person water from an eyedropper.

The internet shutdown has crippled almost every aspect of daily life in Kashmir. The full extent of the hardship it has caused has not even been studied yet. It’s a pioneering experiment in the mass violation of human rights. The information siege aside, thousands of Kashmiris, including children, civil-society activists and political figures, are imprisoned—some under the draconian Public Safety Act. These are just the bare bones of an epic and continuously unfolding tragedy. While the world looks away, business has ground to a halt, tourism has slowed to a trickle, Kashmir has been silenced and is slowly falling off the map. None of us needs to be reminded of what happens when places fall off the map. When the blowback comes, I, for one, will not be among those feigning surprise.

 

Q.1.​​ What is the author’s attitude towards the internet lockdown in Kashmir?

 

  • She condones the act 

  • She condemns the act

  • She thinks it is necessary for safety reasons, given the military insurgency in the area

  • Supports the decision

 

Q.2.​​ Why do the Kashmiris depend so heavily on social media?

 

  • To remain connected to the outside world

  • To get access to news, given that other sources are not available to them

  • To voice their concerns because news networks hardly cover the situation in Kashmir

  • To reach out to the government

 

Q.3.​​ Why does the author use the analogy of a thirsty person being given water with a dropper?

 

  • To illustrate the water crisis in Kashmir

  • To depict the government’s unwillingness to give resources to the Kashmiris in the midst of a political crisis

  • To depict the curtailed journalistic liberties of the Kashmiris

  • To metaphorize the restricted access of the Kashmiris to communication and internet facilities at a time they need it the most

 

Q.4.​​ According to the passage, the following aspects of life in Kashmir has been affected,​​ except:

 

  • Trade and commerce

  • The industry of tourism

  • Resistance against the government

  • Education

 

Q.5.​​ What are the implications of, ’When the blowback comes, I, for one, will not be among those feigning surprise’?

 

  • The author is expecting imminent retaliation from the Kashmiris

  • By ‘blowback’ the author means a more severe violation of rights by the government that she's expecting, as all the other atrocities described in the passage were leading up to it

  • Both of the above

  • None of the above

 

II.​​ The reason we find ourselves verging toward planetary extinction is fairly simple: for quite some time, it’s been profitable for humans to behave this way. For business and government, it’s always been easier to toggle between plunder and neglect than to mind long-term, civilizational time lines. The actual conspiracy is that we are made to feel as though humanity’s fate were purely a matter of personal choice—our desire to buy this, that, or nothing at all, our collective willingness to recycle or compost. This isn’t to say that we possess no power at all. But the scale of the problem is difficult to comprehend, and discussions leave many of us feeling​​ overwhelmed and paralyzed, reduced to myopic debates about whether we are too scared or not scared enough.

Perhaps, as Matthew Schneider-Mayerson and Brent Ryan Bellamy argue, our inability to imagine another path forward reflects a limited vocabulary. Their modest contribution is the recently published “An Ecotopian Lexicon,” a collection of essays that seeks to expand the language we use to describe the present-day crisis and its possibilities. At this point, as they note in their introduction, we know how bad it is out there. They are interested in the “struggle to understand,” at the level of both politics and emotions, how we might meaningfully respond to life in the Anthropocene, the term that scientists use to describe the present geologic epoch, where human activity has substantially influenced the climate and environment.

 

Q.6.​​ According to the passage, why is planetary extinction imminent?

 

  • Because of the government's indifference towards pressing environmental concerns 

  • Because business organisations prioritise short term benefits over long term consequences 

  • Because of prolonged use of non-biodegradable products 

  • Because of people's lifestyles which is a threat to sustainability 

 

Q.7.​​ What is the biggest misconception about climate change?

 

  • That our individual lifestyles are the only determinants of climate change 

  • That we have no control over earth' s deteriorating condition 

  • The only debate regarding the issue is how concerned or not concerned should we be about it 

  • All of the above

 

Q.8.​​ What is the purpose of Mayer son and Bellamy's study​​ ? 

 

  • To expose the inherent problem in our approach to climate change 

  • To suggest alternative ways to adjust to life in the Anthropocene

  • Diversify the corpus of words used to express environmental concerns 

  • Coin new terms to define environmental issues 

 

Q.9.​​ What does the term Anthropocene define

 

  • The way in which human activities impact the environment

  • The way in which the environment impacts lifestyle

  • A period in the history of the earth 

  • None of the above 

 

Q.10.​​ What according to the author is a problem NOT contributing to climate change

 

  • People's inability to fathom the consequences and gravity of the issue

  • Having a limited vocabulary to address the issue of imminent planetary extinction 

  • Choosing what is convenient over what is beneficial for the planet in the long run

  • Giving more importance to profit rather than being climate conscious

 

QUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUES

The line graph represents the percentage candidates qualifies in a competitive examination from 6 states during the given two years.