Mock Test 1​​ by CLATalogue and CLATapult for AILET 2020

Mock Test 1​​ by CLATalogue and CLATapult for AILET 2020

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct option to the questions given below:

 

The catalytic fact of the twentieth century is uncontrollable development, consumerist society, political materialism, and spiritual devaluation. This inordinate development has led to the transcendental ‘second reality’ of sacred perception that biologically transcendence is a part of human life. As the century closes, it dawns with imperative vigour that the ‘first reality’ of enlightened rationalism and the ‘second reality’ of the Beyond have to be harmonised in a worthy state of man. The de facto values describe what we are, they portray the ‘is’ of our ethic, they are est values (Latin est means is). The ideal values tell us what we ought to be, they are esto values (Latin esto ‘ought to be’). Both have to be in the ebb and flow of consciousness. The ever new science and technology and the ever-perennial faith are two modes of one certainty, that is the wholeness of man, his courage to be, his share in Being.

The materialistic foundations of science have crumbled down. Science itself has proved that matter is energy, processes are as valid as facts, and affirmed the non-materiality of the universe. The encounter of the ‘two cultures’, the scientific and the humane, will restore the normal vision, and will be the bedrock of a ‘science of understanding’ in the new century. It will give new meaning to the ancient perception that quantity (measure) and quality (value) coexist at the root of nature. Human endeavours cannot afford to be humanistically irresponsible.

 

Q.1.​​ The problem raised in the passage reflects overall on

  • Consumerism

  • Materialism

  • Spiritual devaluation

  • Inordinate development

 

Q.2.​​ The ‘de facto’ values in the passage means

  • What is

  • What ought to be

  • What can be

  • Where it is

 

Q.3.​​ According to the passage, the ‘first reality’ constitutes

  • Economic prosperity

  • Political development

  • Sacred perception of life

  • Enlightened rationalism

 

Q.4.​​ Encounter of the ‘two cultures’, the scientific and the human implies

  • Restoration of normal vision

  • Universe is both material and non-material

  • Man is superior to nature

  • Co-existence of quantity and quality in nature

 

Q.5.​​ The contents of the passage are

  • Descriptive

  • Prescriptive

  • Axiomatic

  • Optional

 

Q.6.​​ The passage indicates that science has proved that

  • universe is material

  • matter is energy

  • nature has abundance

  • humans are irresponsible

 

Direction: (Q7-13) Choose the option with the correct arrangement of sentences so that it forms a meaningful paragraph-

Q.7.​​ 

A.​​ Good writers use more verbs.
B.​​ However, it is hard to write without verbs.
C.​​ The reason is that if unnecessary words are reduced, the verb-percentage goes up as a mathematical necessity.
D.​​ So “use verbs” is not really good advice; writers have to use verbs, and trying to add extra ones would not turn out well.

  • ABCD

  • ACBD

  • ABDC

  • DBCA

Q.8.

A.​​ As "operating systems", Latin and French outlived the strategic pre-eminence of Rome and France.

B.​​ Nor will Chinese, Russian, or Indian culture soon shoulder aside the American version-high or low- whose draw is embodied by Harvard and Hollywood.
C.​​ Once a standard exists, it tends to perpetuate itself-just like the dollar, for all its ups and downs will not soon yield to the Euro or the Renminbi.
D.​​ By such measures, no other rival, not even China, comes close to America, whatever the country's many familiar failings and riches of the rising rest.

.

  • ACBD

  • BADC

  • CBAD

  • CABD

Q.9.

A.​​ The oldest fossil grasses are just 70 million years old, although grass may have evolved a bit earlier than that.


B.​​ There have been land plants for 465 million years, yet there were no flowers for over two-thirds of that time.
C.​​ The equally-familiar grasses appeared even more recently.
D.​​ Flowering plants only appeared in the middle of the dinosaur era.

  • DCBA

  • BCAD

  • CADB

  • BDCA

Q.10.

A.​​ Patrilineal ownership of lands and the culture of dowry attached to it have turned daughters into bad debts.
B.​​ The control of such castes on local politics aggravates masculine hubris.
C.​​ The bigotry of our village culture and polity is intrinsically linked to a control of land and agriculture.
D.​​ Land makes certain castes ‘kingly’ in rural communities
.

  • DBCA

  • DABC

  • CDBA

  • ADBC

QUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUES

 

Q.1.​​ 3 men and 7 women can complete a work in 10 days . But 4 men and 6 women need 8 days to complete the same work . In how many days will 10 women complete the same work?

  • 50

  • 20

  • 30

  • 40

 

Q.2.​​ A can complete a work in 12 days with a working of 8 hours per day. B can complete the same work in 8 days when working 10 hours a day. If A and B work together, working 8 hours a day, the work can be completed in --- days.

  • 5 5⁄11

  • 4 5⁄11

  • 6 4⁄11

  • 6 5⁄11

 

 

 

 

 

Q.3.​​ A work can be finished in 16 days by twenty women. The same work can be finished in fifteen days by sixteen men. The ratio between the capacity of a man and a woman is

  • 2:1

  • 2:3

  • 4:3

  • 1:3

 

 

 

 

Q.4.​​ Two trains having length of 140140 metre and 160160 metre long run at the speed of 6060 km/hr and 4040 km/hr respectively in opposite directions (on parallel tracks). The time which they take to cross each other, is

  • 10.8 seconds

  • 8 seconds

  • 12 seconds

  • 9.8 seconds

 

 

 

 

Q.5.​​ Two trains are moving in opposite directions with speed of 6060 km/hr and 9090 km/hr respectively. Their lengths are 1.101.10 km and 0.90.9 km respectively. The time taken by the slower train to cross the faster train is

  • 47 seconds

  • 26 seconds

  • 48 seconds

  • 56 seconds

 

 

 

 

Q.6.​​ A train overtakes two persons walking along a railway track. The first person walks at 4.54.5 km/hr and the other walks at 5.45.4 km/hr. The train needs 8.48.4 and 8.58.5 seconds respectively to overtake them. What is the speed of the train if both the persons are walking in the same direction as the train?

  • 46 km/hr

  • 62 km/hr

  • 81 km/hr

  • 88 km/hr

 

 

 

 

Q.7.​​ A and B walk around a circular track. A and B walk at a speed of 22 rounds per hour and 33 rounds per hour respectively. If they start at 88 a.m. from the same point in opposite directions, how many times shall they cross each other before 9.309.30 a.m.?

  • 88

  • 55

  • 66

  • 77

Q.8.​​ A train can travel 50%50% faster than a car. Both start from point A at the same time and reach point B, 7575 kms away from A, at the same time. On the way, however, the train lost about 12.512.5 minutes while stopping at the stations. What is the speed of the car?

  • 80 kmph

  • 120 kmph

  • 140 kmph

  • 102 kmph

Q.9.​​ A boat running upstream takes 8 hours 48 minutes to cover a certain distance, while it takes 4 hours to cover the same distance running downstream. What is the ratio between the speed of the boat and speed of the water current respectively?

  • 8 : 3

  • 5 : 6

  • 3 : 8

  • 6 : 5

Q.10.​​ A man can row 8 km/hr in still water. If the river is running at 3 km/hr, it takes 3 hours more in upstream than to go downstream for the same distance. How far is the place?

  • 22.5 km

  • 32.5 km

  • 25 km

  • 27.5 km

LOGIC

A. ​​​​ Now, essentially, the SC has found that no harm was suffered by the use of VCs. It has cracked open the door, but it has also found that both the RBI and the legislature have held conflicting positions on the subject. In fact, while putting cryptocurrencies on ice, the government had considered launching one of its own. More clarity on the part of the concerned parties would pave the way to legislation enabling meaningful regulation. And while they’re about it, could they please leave off trying to define VCs — as the court says, it is like the blind men trying to describe an elephant — and focus on implications for the profit and loss account of Digital India?

 

Q.1.​​ What is the meaning of the phrase “putting cryptocurrencies on ice” in this context?

  • To defer it from taking place

  • To completely stall the process

  • To overwhelm in case of not having the required capacity

  • To avoid the situation

Q.2.​​ What can possibly be the title of the passage?

  • Virtual currencies - A free market

  • A concrete legislation for virtual currencies

  • Mandate of SC in case of virtual currencies

  • Defining of virtual currencies in Indian context

Q.3.​​ Why is the phrase “blind men trying to describe an elephant” used in this passage?

  • The scope of virtual currencies is huge and thus, is compared with that of an elephant.

  • Indian legislature doesn’t have the capability to draft a comprehensive law limiting the scope of virtual currencies at the moment.

  • The task of defining virtual currencies is a mammoth task, which is compared to that of an elephant.

  • None of the above.

Q.4.​​ What can be the next line of the passage?

  • This way, the Indian legislature can focus on making laws on the lines of Digital India.

  • We should therefore go out of the way to make comprehensive laws on VCs.

  • This way, the Virtual Currency market can operate as a free one, without being regulated by the Indian government.

  • Therefore, as we don’t have the capability to make laws on VCs we should leave that completely untouched.

Q.5.​​ What is the tone of this passage?

  • Cynical

  • Critical

  • Condescending

  • Persuasive

B.​​ This action of capping withdrawals apart, what is more disconcerting is the inaction. After being slothful in identifying governance fault lines among a string of players in the financial sector — IL&FS, DHFL, and now Yes Bank, it was slow to act. Besides access to the books of banks and​​ NBFCs, the RBI also receives intelligence from analysts closely tracking the sector. Its unwillingness to act quickly and decisively even after identification of structural weaknesses is cause for serious concern. The troubles of Yes Bank were known for long. Co-promoter Rana Kapoor was forced to step down by the RBI two years ago. The RBI put its nominee on the Yes Bank board last May, and in November it found a Rs 3,277 crore divergence in bad loan reporting for the year-ended March 2019. Of course, the players are failing their customers. But the RBI is also failing to uphold the people’s trust and faith.

 

Q.6. ​​​​ What is the primary assumption of the author?

  • YES Bank had knowledge of its economic slowdown, and still didn’t take necessary steps regarding the same.

  • The fiasco of YES Bank took place because the RBI was unwilling to take cognizance of the matter.

  • Government has to be held accountable for such failures in the banking sector.

  • None of the above.

Q.7. ​​​​ What can be the title of the passage?

  • YES Bank - defrauding people into trusting the bank.

  • The saga of the defaulting banks in Indian banking sector.

  • The slothful action of RBI - leading to deprivation of trust.

  • YES Bank - A big no for real transactions.​​ 

Q.8.​​ Which of the following statements tend to weaken the main argument of the author?

  • IRBI through its continual alteration in the interest rates, always upholds the public’s interest so that defaulting of banks doesn’t hit the customers hard.

  • Despite RBI acting on the advice of various analysts with respect to the defaulting of banks like Yes Bank, it failed to get government’s approval to take further actions regarding the same.

  • Rana Kapoor, after stepping down from his post, had promised all the customers of the bank, that their money is safe with the bank, and they can trust the bank for the same.

  • L&FS, DHFL and Yes Bank, all three had strict policies to return to the customers their due share, in case of defaulting.

Q.9.​​ ​​ What is the tone of the passage?

  • Argumentative

  • Persuasive

  • Critical

  • Cynical

Q.10.​​ ​​ What can be the last line of the passage?

  • Thus, RBI needs to proactively act against the banks who give mere indications of slowdown, in order to secure people’s money and restore their faith in RBI.

  • Now, the people have become helpless and they have no respite as the regulator of banks, RBI itself has failed them.

  • Thus, now only with regular checks by government intervention, this fiasco of defaulting banks can be stalled.

  • None of the above.

CURRENT AFFAIRS

 

Q.1.​​ The Government of India, Government of Kerala and World Bank recently signed a Loan Agreement of $250 Million for First Resilient Kerala Program.The program aims to solve the issue of and make Kerala Resilient to which of the following?

  • Terrorism

  • Natural Disasters and Climate Change

  • Spreading of NIPA Virus

  • Spreading of AIDS in Kerala

Q.2.​​ In a significant step, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia increased India’s Haj quota by 30,000. What was the initial quota allowed for HAJJ for India?

  • 1,70,000

  • 2,00,000

  • 2,50,000

  • 2,75,000

Q.3.​​ Mahatma Gandhi Information Technology and Biotechnology Park (MGIT-BP) built with India’s assistance was recently inaugurated at Grand-Bassam. In which Country has the above-mentioned Park been inaugurated?

  • South Africa

  • Cote De Ivore

  • Kenya

  • Ethiopia

Q.4.​​ Acknowledging that country’s telecom industry was under financial stress, Union Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad had constituted a committee to spell out revival plans for Telecom Sector. Who has been named as the chair of the above-mentioned committee?​​ 

  • Aruna Sundarajan

  • Injeti Srinivas​​ 

  • Vinod Rai​​ 

  • Balwant Rai Mehta

Q.5. ​​​​ A Letter of Intent (LoI) was exchanged between an Indian city and Japanese city of Kobe for a sister city partnership. The LoI was exchanged in presence of Narendra Modi , who visisted Kobe to address the Indian Diaspora in Kobe. With which Indian city was the Letter of Intent exchanged by the city of Kobe, Japan?​​ 

  • Rajkot

  • Surat

  • Ahmedabad

  • Baroda

Q.6.​​ With which country India does not have an Agreement for Sister Cities?

  • United Kingdom

  • Canada

  • Bangladesh

  • United States

Q.7. ​​​​ India is hosting the triennial International Seed Testing Association (ISTA) Congress. IST-A congress is being held for the first time in Asia.In which Indian city was the above Congress held?

  • Vijaywada

  • Vizag

  • Hyderabad

  • Bengaluru

Q.8. ​​​​ India has proposed to host 2023 International Olympic Committee (IOC) session in India, which is expected to choose host city for 2030 Winter Olympics.Which city will host the above-mentioned committee?

  • Delhi

  • Mumbai

  • Kolkata

  • Hyderabad

Q.9.​​ Russian President Vladimir Putin recently signed a decree for extending Moscow’s embargo on goods being imported from the European Union (EU).What type of goods have been included in the embargo mentioned above?

  • Food Products

  • Medicines

  • Agricultural Produce

  • None of the above

Q.10.​​ The ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre (ISC), in cooperation with its India Focal Point, the Indian Coast Guard (ICG), began its 12th Capacity Building Workshop from 19th ​​ to 21st ​​​​ June, 2019 . Where is the above-mentioned conference held?

  • Hyderabad

  • Chennai

  • Mumbai

  • New Delhi

DEDUCTIVE ​​ REASONING

 

Q.1. Principle:​​ A defendant can avoid liability for his negligence by establishing that the plaintiff voluntarily consented to face a known danger created by defendant’s negligence.

Facts:Mr. Raj requests Mr. Austin to conduct repair of the roof of his shop and offers him a wooden stair which was not in a good condition. Mr. Austin, fully aware of the poor condition of stair agreed to do the task. During the work, he fell down and sustained injuries in his leg. He wants to file a suit for damage against Mr. Raj. In light of the above principle, decide the right course of action.​​ 

  • Since Mr Austin got injured while working for Mr. Raj, damage shall be payable.

  • Since Mr. Austin was aware of the poor condition of stair, which means that he voluntarily consented to the risk and thereby suffered injuries, therefore no damage shall be payable.

  • Since Mr. Austin is not having money for his treatment, damage shall be payable.

  • Since Mr. Austin owe a duty to provide materials in good condition for construction work, therefore, damage shall be payable.

Q.2. Principle:​​ A person is liable for the acts which he could have foreseen and prevented.

​​ Facts:​​ Mr. Rishabh is very fond of sweets. He went to a local shop where he asked for the best quality of BesanLadoo. The assistant showed him the section where the Ladoo was kept and Rishabh bought 1 kg of Ladoo. Later, it was found that the Ladoo was not fresh and was inappropriate to eat. Consequently, Rishabh fell ill after consuming it. In light of the above principle, please suggest a course of action.

  • The assistant has only showed the section where Ladoo was kept and Risabh should have checked the quality of Ladoo before buying it. The sweet shop is not responsible.

  • Since it is the duty of sweet shop to provide quality and fresh sweets and Rishabh bought it in a good faith. Hence, the owner of sweet shop is liable.

  • A customer is supposed to check the quality of sweets first and then he should buy it. No one else can be held responsible for customer’s negligence.

  • The assistant showed the section where the Ladoo was kept. It was his duty to show fresh Ladoo. Only he is liable and not the shop owner.

Q.3.​​ Principle:​​ When a person voluntarily agrees to suffer any harm, he is not allowed to complain for that. It is a good defence in tort.

Facts:​​ Mr. X was one of the spectators at Formula one car race, being held at Chandigarh. The racing track was owned by Mr. Chandler. During the race, there was a collision between two cars in which one of the cars was thrown away at the sitting area thereby injuring Mr. X. Mr. X sued Mr. Chandler for the injuries caused to him.

  • Mr. Chandler is not liable because Mr. X has impliedly given his consent to suffer the risk involved in watching the race.

  • Mr. Chandler is liable because he should have warned the drivers to drive carefully.

  • Mr. Chandler is not liable because he could not foresee the collision between the two cars.

  • Mr. Chandler is liable because he earned huge amount of money through sale of tickets.

Q.4.​​ Principle:​​ Inevitable accidents are those that are not foreseeable and could not have been prevented by exercising reasonable care. It is a good defence in tort.

Facts:​​ The dogs of X and Y were fighting with each other in a public park. Both of them were trying to separate them. In doing so, X hit Y in his eye who was beside him. Is X liable?

  • Yes, he should have been careful when he knew Y was just beside him.

  • No, it was not foreseeable and is merely an accident.

  • Yes, it was X’s dog who was fighting and was the sole reason behind this incident.

  • None of these

Q.5.Principle:​​ Nothing is an offence which is done in a good faith.

Facts:​​ B encountered a tiger in the jungle. Y fires at the tiger knowing that the shot may kill B, but with no intention to kill B and in good faith to save B’s life. The shot was missed and hit B instead. B died. In light of the above principle, please decide

  • Y has committed murder and is therefore liable.

  • Y may be having intention to take revenge from B.

  • Y is not liable as the act was in good faith and for saving the life of B.

  • None of these

Q.6.​​ Principle:​​ Under the Strict liability principle if a person brings and keeps any dangerous thing on his land, then he is liable for any damage is the thing escapes.

Facts:​​ A planted a poisonous tree on his land. The branches of a tree on growing extended and crossed the boundary of his land and entered B’s boundary. The cattle of A ate the leaves of the poisonous tree. His cattle died.

  • Yes, as B was negligent in not cutting the branch.

  • No, as the extension of branches were beyond the control of A.

  • Yes, as B was liable for keeping such a dangerous thing on his land.

  • No, as A should have taken care of his cattle.

Q.7.​​ Principle:​​ A person, who lawfully brings on his land something which though harmless, but will do mischief it escapes, must keep it at his peril, and if he does not, he is answerable for all the damage

Facts:​​ Mr. X was the owner of a mill. In order to supply water to the mill, he wanted to construct a reservoir and employed certain engineers for that. Besides the mill, there was a coal mine owned by Mr. Y, not adjoining the premise where the reservoir was to be constructed. While constructing the reservoir, the digging reached the boundaries of coal mines. The reservoir was completed and partially filled. Within some days, the boundaries of the reservoir got damaged and the water entered the coal mines. In light of the above principles, decide whether Mr. X is liable to pay damages to Mr. Y.

  • X is not liable because there was no negligence on his part. He was not aware that the digging had reached the boundaries of coal mine.

  • X is liable as he constructed reservoir and brought water on his land which may cause mischief if it escapes and it did escape.

  • X is not liable as he was not aware that a mine exists beside his mill

  • X is not liable as only engineers are responsible for over digging of reservoir.

Q.8.​​ Principle:​​ A master is liable for the wrongful acts of his servant committed in the course of employment.​​ 

Facts:​​ Chandra appointed Rajesh as his driver. One day he sent Rajesh to buy some medicines from the market. On his way, he injured a pedestrian who was walking on the road at red light signal.

  • The pedestrian should not have walked on the road but footpath.

  • Chandra can direct Rajesh to pay compensation.

  • Both Chandra and Rajesh can be held liable for this wrong.

  • The pedestrian cannot sue either Rajesh or Chandra as he ought to cross road carefully.

Q.9.​​ Principle:

1. The State is liable for the acts of its employees. When the act is of private nature, in the same manner and under the same condition as any other employer. The State is not liable when the act is in exercise of sovereign power or in performance of an Act of State.

2. Even if the sovereign functions of the State are discharged negligently, the State is not vicariously liable in tort.

Facts:​​ A trader in gold was arrested and detained in police custody after search. The gold belonging to him and all other things were seized and kept in Malkhana. Later he was discharged. All his belonging was returned, except the gold. It was discovered that one of the constables fled away with the gold to Pakistan. He sued the State in tort.

  • The State is not responsible as it is the individual acts of the constable.

  • The State is liable because the servants of the State were negligent and thus caused injury.

  • The State is not liable as search and arrest of any person is the sovereign function of State.

  • Only the Malkhana in- charge shall be held liable.

Q.10.​​ Principle:​​ A master/principle is liable for all the wrongful acts of his servant/agent committed in the course of employment.

Facts:​​ A and B were two brothers. A was very fond of car racing. When B was out of city for some work, A without his consent took off his car and caused the accident. The victim sued B for vicarious liability. Is B liable?

  • B is not liable as A is not his servant or agent.

  • B is liable as A was his brother.

  • Only A should be liable. No question of vicarious liability.

  • None of the above

ANSWER KEY

 

ENGLISH

  •  

D

 

  •  

A

 

  •  

D

 

  •  

A

 

  •  

D

 

  •  

B

 

  •  

B

 

  •  

C

 

  •  

D

 

  •  

C

 

 

MATHS

  •  

D

Work done by 4 men and 6 women in 1 day = 1/8  ​​​​ 

Work done by 3 men and 7 women in 1 day = 1/10

Let 1 man does m work in 1 day and 1 woman does w work in 1 day. The above equations can be written as

4m + 6w = 1/8 ---(1)

3m + 7w = 1/10 ---(2)

Solving equation (1) and (2) , we get m=11/400 and w=1/400

Amount of work 10 women can do in a day = 10 × (1/400) = 1/40

Ie, 10 women can complete the work in 40 days

  •  

A

A can complete the work in 12 days working 8 hours a day
=> Number of hours A can complete the work = 12×8 = 96 hours

=> Work done by A in 1 hour = 1/96


B can complete the work in 8 days working 10 hours a day

=> Number of hours B can complete the work = 8×10 = 80 hours

=> Work done by B in 1 hour = 1/80


Work done by A and B in 1 hour = 1/96 + 1/80 = 11/480

=> A and B can complete the work in 480/11 hours


A and B works 8 hours a day

Hence total days to complete the work with A and B working together

= (480/11)/ (8) = 60/11 days = 5 
511 days

  •  

C

Work done by 20 women in 1 day = 1/16
Work done by 1 woman in 1 day = 1/(16×20)


Work done by 16 men in 1 day = 1/15

Work done by 1 man in 1 day = 1/(15×16)


Ratio of the capacity of a man and woman =1/(15×16) : 1/(16×20) = 1/15 : 1/20

= 1/3 :1/4 = 4:3

  •  

A

Distance =(140+160)=300 m=0.3 km=(140+160)=300 m=0.3 km
Relative speed =(60+40)=100 km/hr=(60+40)=100 km/hr

Required time =0.3100 hr=0.3100 hr
=0.3100×3600 seconds=10.8 seconds

  •  

C

Relative speed =60+90=150 km/hr=60+90=150 km/hr(since both trains are moving in opposite directions)

Total distance =1.1+0.9=2 km=1.1+0.9=2 km

Time =2150 hr=2150 hr
=2150×3600 seconds=48 seconds

  •  

C

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ *** PLEASE REFER BELOW***

  •  

D

Relative speed = Speed of A + Speed of B (​​ they walk in opposite directions)
=2+3=5=2+3=5
 rounds per hour

Therefore, they cross each other 55 times in 11 hour and 22 times in 1212 hour

Time duration from 88 a.m. to 9.309.30 a.m. =1.5=1.5 hour

Hence they cross each other 77 times before 9.309.30 a.m.

  •  

B

Speed of car : speed of train :100:150=2:3:100:150=2:3
⇒⇒ time needed for car : time needed for train =3:2=3:2
⇒⇒ i.e., the train only takes 2323 of the time taken by car.

Since both the car and train start and reach at the same time,
1313
 of the time needed by car is 12.512.5 minutes.
⇒⇒ Time needed by the car =3×12.5 min=3×12.5 min

Therefore, speed of the car =75(3×12.560)=120 km/hr

  •  

A

Let the rate upstream of the boat =x=x kmph
and the rate downstream of the boat =y=y kmph


Distance travelled upstream in 8 hrs 48 min = Distance travelled downstream in 4 hrs.


Since distance = speed × time, we have

x×845=y×4x×445=y×4x×115=y
(equation 1)x×845=y×4x×445=y×4x×115=y(equation 1)

Now consider the formula given below

Let the speed downstream be a km/hr and the speed upstream be b km/hr, then

Speed in still water =12(a+b) km/hr=12(a+b) km/hr

Rate of stream =12(a−b) km/hr=12(a−b) km/hr

[Read more ...]


Hence, speed of the boat =y+x2=y+x2

speed of the water =y−x2=y−x2


Required Ratio

=(y+x2):(y−x2) =(y+x):(y−x)=(y+x2):(y−x2) =(y+x):(y−x)


=(11x5+x):(11x5−x)  =(11x5+x):(11x5−x)   (
​​ Substituted value of y(​​ Substituted value of y  from equation 1) from equation 1)

=(11x+5x):(11x−5x) =16x:6x =8:3

  •  

D

 

​​ LOGIC

  •  

A

According to the context, putting on ice refers to a delay caused, hence it is option a

  •  

B

Options a), c) and d) are inconsistent with the main idea of the passage. Thus, the correct answer is option b).

  •  

B

Options a) and c) are statements which can be true according to the context of the passage, however they are not in consonance with the phrase used. Thus, b) clearly encaptures the idea of the phrase and therefore is the correct answer.

  •  

D

The author focuses on the inept nature of the Indian legislation to make laws on VC and thus regulate its functioning. Therefore an apt ending would be option d).

  •  

C

The author in order to make his point in the passage, goes further a bit more than just being critical of the Indian legislature. Thus, the passage is condescending in nature. Therefore, correct answer is option c).

  •  

B

The main idea of the author is that RBI, being the regulatory authority of banks, needs to be swift in its action against defaulting banks. Thus, option b) is correct as it encapsulates this idea.

  •  

C

The author tends to highlight the onus on RBI to uphold the trust of the people with the regulation of the banks. Thus, c) is the appropriate title of the passage.

  •  

B

The author emphasizes on the lackadaisical nature of RBI to take concrete steps against defaulting banks, however, option b) highlights that the abysmal nature of such banks is really due to the inaction of the government and not RBI.

  •  

C

The author critically examines the role of RBI in the regulating of the banks and finds it at fault for its inaction against the defaulting banks like Yes Bank. Thus, c) is the best option.

  •  

A

Options b) and c) are inconsistent with the passage. Thus, a) is the correct answer.

​​ GK

  •  

A

According to the context, putting on ice refers to a delay caused, hence it is option a

  •  

B

Options a), c) and d) are inconsistent with the main idea of the passage. Thus, the correct​​ answer is option b).

  •  

B

Options a) and c) are statements which can be true according to the context of the passage, however they are not in consonance with the phrase used. Thus, b) clearly encaptures the idea of the phrase and therefore is the correct answer.

  •  

D

The author focuses on the inept nature of the Indian legislation to make laws on VC and thus regulate its functioning. Therefore an apt ending would be option d).

  •  

C

The author in order to make his point in the passage, goes further a bit more than just being critical of the Indian legislature. Thus, the passage is condescending in nature. Therefore, correct answer is option c).

  •  

B

The main idea of the author is that RBI, being the regulatory authority of banks, needs to be swift in its action against defaulting banks. Thus, option b) is correct as it encapsulates this idea.

  •  

C

The author tends to highlight the onus on RBI to uphold the trust of the people with the regulation of the banks. Thus, c) is the appropriate title of the passage.

  •  

B

The author emphasizes on the lackadaisical nature of RBI to take concrete steps against defaulting banks, however, option b) highlights that the abysmal nature of such banks is really due to the inaction of the government and not RBI.

  •  

C

The author critically examines the role of RBI in the regulating of the banks and finds it at fault for its inaction against the defaulting banks like​​ Yes Bank. Thus, c) is the best option.

  •  

A

Options b) and c) are inconsistent with the passage. Thus, a) is the correct answer.

LEGAL

  •  

B

In light of the principle given, it is well established that the defendant can avoid his liability by showing that the plaintiff consented to the risk. Here, though Mr. Raj was negligent at his point but Mr Austin was fully aware of the poor condition of stair still he took up the task. Therefore, he consented to the risk involved. Hence he is not entitled to any compensation.

  •  

B

In light of given principle, a shopkeeper owes a duty to provide quality products to his customer. An owner is liable for all the acts which he could have reasonably foreseen and prevented. He could have easily prevented selling bad quality items.

  •  

A

In light of given principle, here Mr. X by buying ticket to watch Formula one car race impliedly agreed to suffer the risk involved in it. Hence he cannot claim any compensation. Option C may be considered but it does not follows the principle.

 

  •  

B

In light of given principle, here, X and Y were trying to separate their dogs and the injury which Y received was occurred in that process and was not foreseeable. Hence X is not liable.

  •  

C

Option C explains the reason.

  •  

C

In light of given principle, a person is not liable if he keeps dangerous thing on his land, but if it escapes and causes loss to someone, he will be liable. Based on this, the branches of A’s tree caused the death of B’s cattle and thereby caused loss to him. Hence option (c) is correct. Option (a) is excluded on the basis of principle.

  •  

B

In light of given principle, a person who brings​​ any things on his land though harmless in nature, will be liable, if it escapes and causes loss to others. Based on this, the water in the reservoir though harmless in nature caused loss to the coal mine of Mr.Y when the reservoir got damaged. Hence option (B) is correct.

  •  

C

In light of given principle, where a wrong is committed by servant in the course of employment, both master and servant can be held liable. Here the act of buying medicines by Rajesh was in the course of employment. Hence, both master and servant can be held liable for this wrong committed by his servant.

  •  

C

In light of given principle, even where the sovereign functions of State is discharged negligently, the State is not liable. Based on this reasoning, though loss was caused to the trader by the servant of State, but search and seizure comes under the sovereign function of State. On combining principle 1&2, option (c) will be correct choice.

  •  

A

In light of given principle, in the given facts neither A was his servant nor his act of taking away the car was under the course of employment. Hence option (a) is correct. Option (c) can be excluded as the liability of A is not in question.

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