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Mock Questions for Practice on Legal Reasoning for CLAT

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Mock Questions for Practice on Legal Reasoning for CLAT

Mock Questions for Practice on Legal Reasoning for CLAT

 

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow-  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 

Passage I

In a news that comes as a breath of fresh air for the legal sector in India, the BCI has made mediation a compulsory subject. All universities,​​ centres​​ of legal education have been directed to incorporate mediation as a compulsory paper from the academic session 2020-21.

In times of pandemic and Covid-19, when physical hearings in courts are suspended and norms of social distancing​​ are required to be maintained, mediation as a tool for conflict resolution has come to the fore. Litigants have been drawn towards​​ mediation and have begun to realize it’s immense benefits. Mediation and Conciliation has been seen to lead to resolutions without undergoing arduous trials and moreover resolutions/solutions are arrived at, in a relatively lesser time. The Hon’ble Chief Justice of India is also keen that the art of mediation is taught to L.L.B.​​ students as it will go a long way in reducing the backlog and flood of cases. With litigants, students and Lawyers being more aware and keen about Mediation, this will be looked upon more as an option instead of filing suits/cases straightaway, says the BCI order.

With the introduction of​​ section 89 in C.P.C.,​​ alternative dispute resolution was sought to be invoked and used more, and courts have often started referring many matters under this provision. However, what is required is that students of LL.B.​​ and Lawyers are also trained in the art of Mediation and Conciliation to understand it’s true benefits and reap it’s true fruits which will pave the way for a great reform in the Indian Legal System, which will lead to reduction of burden on courts and quick and efficacious resolution being agreed upon by parties in disputes having varied points of conflict.​​ 

Extracted with edits from​​ https://thedailyguardian.com/welcome-move-by-bci-to-make-mediation-compulsory/​​  by​​ The​​ Daily Guardian,​​ August​​ 2020​​ ​​ ​​ ​​  ​​​​  ​​​​ 

1.​​ In the context of the given passage, ‘BCI’ stands for-

(a)​​ Board and Council of India​​ 

(b)​​ Bar Council of India

(c)​​ Bar Committee of India​​ 

(d)​​ none of the above​​ 

 

2.​​ The Latin full form of “L.L.B” is-​​ 

(a) Legus Baccalaureus

(b) Legum Baccalaureus

(c)​​ Legis Baccalaureus​​ 

(d) Law Bachelor​​ 

 

 

3.​​ In the context of the given passage, “CPC” stands for-​​ ​​ ​​ 

(a) Code of Civil Procedure

(b) Code of Procedure for Civil Cases

(c) Code of Criminal Procedure​​ 

(d) None of the above  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 

 

4.​​ The​​ given passage suggests that mediation is a form of ‘alternative dispute resolution’. This inference is-​​  ​​​​  ​​​​ 

(a) Correct​​ 

(b) Incorrect​​ 

(c) Partly correct ​​ 

(d) Can’t say  ​​​​ 

 

5.​​ Justice​​ S.A. Bobde, the current Chief Justice of India, is​​ the successor to-​​ ​​ ​​  ​​ ​​​​ 

(a)​​ Justice Ranjan Gogoi

(b) Justice Deepak Mishra​​ 

(c) Justice J.S. Kehar​​ ​​ 

(d) None of the above​​ 

 

Passage II​​ 

A common man, invariably, runs from pillar to post in pursuit for justice and sometimes struggles even endlessly for it. This is due to the slow pace of our legal system which is procedurally complex and at times highly technical for a layman to comprehend. But there have been occasions where influence, power or money, have abridged this struggle and pursuit for justice. Sushant Singh Rajput’s case has once again highlighted this deviation in the legal procedure and system. Much has been said of Sushant Singh Rajput case and storm has now been calmed down by the Supreme Court decision. However, it is interesting to look back and analyse the events how they took place in this case.

Late Sushant Singh Rajput, a public figure, died under alleged mysterious circumstances in Mumbai. Investigation under section 174 CrPC was commenced by the Mumbai police and while the investigation was pending, father of the deceased, a resident of Patna, filed a criminal complaint seeking registration of FIR in Patna. A FIR under sections 341, 342, 306, 380, 406, 420, 506 and 120B of the​​ Indian​​ Penal​​ Code, 1860 got registered in Rajeev Nagar Police Station, Patna, which was later transferred to CBI under approval of Bihar governor. Serious issues arose right from the registration of FIR by Patna police to its transfer to CBI for investigation.

Talking about the swiftness of Patna police, as per media reports, the Rajeev Nagar Police Station FIR was registered after intervention and clearance given by the Bihar Chief Minister Mr. Nitish Kumar. Thereafter, the Hon’ble CM recommended CBI investigation in the case. How many times do the complainants get such preferential treatment? Can law be differently applied to differently placed individuals? Will the procedure followed in the case of Sushant Singh Rajput be applied to each and every case from now on? If not, then under what circumstances can this deviation be allowed? Is such procedure adopted only because a famous personality has died or because the Chief Minister Office intervened? Had it not been a case of death of a celebrity, had it been a common man, would this procedure be followed? If not, then does it not erode the confidence of a common man and does it not bolster the general perception – one law for the rich and another for the poor? These are some of the basic questions that this case has brought to forefront again.

Extracted with edits from:​​ https://thedailyguardian.com/sushant-case-analysing-the-fir-registered-in-patna/​​  by​​ The​​ Daily Guardian,​​ August​​ 2020​​ ​​ ​​  ​​​​  ​​​​ 

1.​​ An FIR which can be lodged at any police station irrespective of the place of residence of the victim or the place where the crime/incident took place is called-​​ ​​ 

(a)​​ Zero FIR

(b)​​ Discretionary FIR ​​ ​​​​ 

(c)​​ Choice FIR​​ ​​ ​​ 

(d) None of the above​​ 

 

2.​​ The given passage​​ suggests that a common Indian citizen, who is not a public figure, routinely finds it difficult to lodge an FIR due to reluctance of police. This inference is-​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ 

(a) Correct​​ 

(b) Incorrect​​ 

(c) Partly correct ​​ 

(d) Can’t say  ​​​​ 

 

3.​​ In the context of the given passage, ‘CrPC’ stands for-​​ ​​ 

(a)​​ Code of Criminal​​ Procedure​​ ​​ 

(b)​​ Code of Procedure for Criminal Cases

(c)​​ Code of Civil​​ Procedure​​ 

(d)​​ None of the above​​ ​​ 

 

4.​​ In the context of the given passage, ‘CBI’ stands for- ​​ 

(a)​​ Central Bureau of Investigation​​ ​​ 

(b)​​ Central Board of Investigation​​ 

(c)​​ Central Body of Investigation​​ ​​ ​​ 

(d)​​ None of the above​​ ​​ 

 

5.​​ The​​ phrase “abridged the struggle”​​ means-​​ 

(a)​​ reduced the struggle​​ 

(b)​​ increased the struggle​​ 

(c)​​ modified the type of struggle​​ 

(d) None of the above​​ ​​ 

 

 

 

Answer key with explanations  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 

Passage I

Question 1 - Option (b) is the correct answer.

Explanation​​ ​​ The body regulating the profession of law in India is the Bar Council of India.​​ ​​ 

 

Question 2 - Option (b) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation​​ ​​ “L.L.B” stands for Legum Baccalaureus which translates, in English, to Bachelor of Law.​​ ​​ ​​  ​​​​ ​​ 

 

Question 3 - Option​​ (a) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation​​ ​​ In the context of the given passage, “CPC” stands for Code of Civil Procedure which governs the procedure followed by courts for trial of civil cases in India.

 

Question 4 – Option (a) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation​​ ​​ The use of the sentence “With the introduction of section 89 in C.P.C., alternative dispute resolution” in the passage whose key theme is mediation indicates that option (a) is correct. ​​ ​​ ​​  ​​​​ ​​ 

 

Question 5​​ ​​ Option (a) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation –​​ Justice Ranjan Gogoi was the predecessor to Justice S.A. Bobde hence option (a) is correct.​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ 

 

Passage II

Question 1 - Option (a) is the correct answer.

Explanation​​ ​​ An FIR which can be registered at any place irrespective of the place of residence or incident is called​​ Zero FIR.​​ ​​ ​​ 

 

Question 2 - Option​​ (a) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation​​ ​​ A reading of the third paragraph of the given​​ passage indicates that option (a) is correct.

 

Question 3 - Option (a) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation​​ ​​ In the context of the given passage, “CrPC” stands for Code of Criminal Procedure which governs the procedure followed by courts for trial of criminal cases in India.

 

Question 4 – Option (a) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation –​​ ‘CBI’ stands for Central Bureau of Investigation.​​ 

 

Question 5​​ ​​ Option (a) is the correct answer.​​ 

Explanation​​ ​​ The​​ literal meaning of the word ‘abridge’ is to shorten or lessen hence option (a) is correct.​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ 

Visit our complete collection of legal reasoning questions and posts.

Read our legal reasoning post on void agreements and the practice questions here.

Read CLATapult’s post on offer and acceptance here. Also, try their mocks for more legal reasoning practice questions.

Visit CLATalogue for more legal reasoning practice questions for CLAT 2022.

First published on August 29, 2020. 

Aditya Anand
Aditya Anand
Aditya is 93.1% sure that he knows Japanese. We think he speaks Japanese in Bhojpuri accent.

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