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MCQs on Environmental Law for CLAT 2023

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Preparing for CLAT requires familiarising oneself with all the basic laws of the country. Environmental law is one such topic. In this article, we lays out important MCQs on Environmental Law for you to attempt for the upcoming CLAT 2023 exam.

Read the following questions and answer from the options that follow. 

1. When did The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, come into force?

A. 01 April 1986
B. 01 March 1986
C. 01 May 1986
D. 19 November 1986.

2. Which section of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 deals with the Persons handling hazardous substances to comply with procedural safeguards?

A. Section 12 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
B. Section 9 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
C. Section 14 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
D. Section 20 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

  1. Which section of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 deals with the Offences by companies?

A. Section 16 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
B. Section 14 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
C. Section 13 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
D. Section 18 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

  1. Section 25 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 deals with_______?

A. Government Analysts
B. Power to make rules
C. Bar of jurisdiction.
D. Protection of action taken in good faith.

5. Penalty for contravention of the provisions of the Act and the rules, orders and directions, is provided in section____ of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

A. Section 24 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
B. Section 22 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
C. Section 15 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
D. Section 23 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

  1. Section 4 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 provides?

A. Appointment of officers and their powers and functions
B. Offences by companies
C. Effect of other laws
D. Information, reports or returns

  1. Which section of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 deals with Rules to regulate environmental pollution?

A. Section 7 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
B. Section 4 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
C. Section 6 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
D. Section 9 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

8. Which section of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 deals with the Persons handling hazardous substances to comply with procedural safeguards?

A. Section 7 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
B. Section 8 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
C. Section 4 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
D. Section 5 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

9. When did the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, come into force?

A. 01 April 1986
B. 01 March 1986
C. 01 May 1986
D. 29 March 1981

10. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court directed closing down and demolition of shrimp industries in coastal regulation zone and implement the “precautionary principle” and “the polluter pays principle and held them liable for payment of compensation for reversing the ecology and compensate the individual for loss suffered?

A. S. Jagannath v. Union of India
B. Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum v. Union of India
C. M.C. Mehta c. Union of India
D. Church of God (Full Gospels) in India v. KKR Majestic Colony Welfare Association.

11. In which of the following cases the Supreme Court discussed the development of the “Precautionary Principle”?

A. Olga Tellis (1986) case
B. M.C. Mehta v. Union of lndia
C. Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra v. State of U.P.
D. A.P. Pollution Control Board v. M.V Nayudu

12. The doctrine of …… means that the absolute liability for harm to environment extends not only to compensate the victims of pollution but also to the cost of restoring the environmental degradation.

A. Polluter pays principle
B. Precautionary principle
C. Public Trust
D. Public Nuisance

13. Assertion (A): Public Trust Doctrine in the state to act as the Trustee Resources.
Reason (R): The benefit of natural resources to public can not be deprived unilaterally
Code:

A. Both (A) and (R) are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A)
B. Both (A) and (R) are correct and R is not correct explanation of (A)
C. (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect
D. (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct

14. Section 19 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 enables a person to file complaint in a Criminal Court after giving’s notice to the Pollution Control Board. Once a complaint has been made, the board ls bound to make available to the complainant all relevant reports on demand. The board may also refuse to disclose on public Interest. Similar provisions are also available under

A. Section 49 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 43 of the Air Act, 1981
B. Section 43 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 49 of the Air Act, 1981
C. Section 42 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 46 of the Air Act, 1981
D. Section 41 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 42 of the Air Act, 1981

15. Which of the following Acts is popularly known as Umbrella Legislation?

A. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
B. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
C. The Factories Act, 1948
D. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Answers:

  1. D. 19 November 1986
  2. B. Section 9 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  3. A. Section 16 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  4. B. Power to make rules
  5. C. Section 15 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  6. A. Appointment of officers and their powers and functions
  7. C. Section 6 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  8. B. Section 8 of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  9. D. 29 March 1981
  10. B. Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum v. Union of India
  11. A. Olga Tellis (1986) case
  12. C. Public Trust
  13. B. Both (A) and (R) are correct and R is not correct explanation of (A)
  14. A. Section 49 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 43 of the Air Act, 1981
  15. D. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

For more practice questions for CLAT 2023, click here. 

Indrasish Majumder
Indrasish Majumder
I am currently pursuing my B.A. in L.L.B. (Hons.) at National Law University, Odisha. I have a special interest in human rights, humanitarian law, public international law, and criminal law. Alongwith, I exhibit a keen interest in working for the underprivileged and have been involved in various volunteer and legal aid programs in college and outside. The Robin Hood Army, Increasing Diversity by Increasing Access (IDIA) (a pan-India initiative by students from National Law Universities to help the underprivileged overcome their monetary constraints and pursue a legal education), Parichay (working in tribunals on behalf of the people left out from the final list of the National Register for Citizens in India), IAYP (International Award for Young People), Child Rights and You, and Help Age India, Teach for India to name a few. By nature, I am a bibliophile through and through.

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Golden Gate University - upGrad
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