Logical Reasoning Comprehension Based Practice Questions

Logical Reasoning Comprehension Based Practice Questions

Passage​​ 

By the beginning of the twentieth century, doctors knew that many diseases were caused by living microbes. They knew about immunisation and vaccines. Thanks to the efforts of scientists like Jenner, Pasteur, Koch and Ehrlich Lister, it had taught them the value of antiseptics. Known chemical disinfectants, such as carbolic acid, would kill germs, but they would also injure cell tissues. How could harmful microbes be destroyed without, at the same time, injuring body tissues? In 1900, to a shipping clerk- Alexander Fleming--a career in science seemed like distant dream. Alexander was born on August 6, 1881, the youngest son of an Ayrshire, Scottish farmer. He was able to​​ complete high school but then his family's funds ran out. At sixteen, he took a job as a shipping​​ clerk​​ and stayed there for four years. In 1901, Alexander came into a small legacy which enabled him to continue his education, and on the advice of one of his brothers, who was a doctor, he chose to prepare for a career in medicine. Alexander did unusually well in medical school along with rifle shooting, swimming, water polo and painting. After his graduation, his teacher Prof. Wright asked him to join him in bacteriological research, which he readily agreed.

1. According to the passage, what was the main problem being encountered by doctors?

  • How to eliminate microbes while protecting body cells

  • How to use known chemical disinfectants

  • How to get fresh carbolic acid in time to treat the patient

  • How to convince patients to get vaccination regularly

2.How did Alexander keep himself busy in his spare time during college days?

  • By taking up part time job to get some money

  • Studying the effect of chemicals on body tissues

  • Helping his Professor in his research work

  • Not given in the passage

3. Which of the following was taught to the doctors at the beginning of twentieth century?

  • Scientists can help doctors in the use of disinfectants

  • The role and importance of antiseptics in medical treatment

  • Pursuing a career in medicine is a difficult job

  • Good microbes help in developing body cells

4. Why did Fleming take up the job as a shipping​​ clerk?

  • On the advice of one of his brothers

  • His financial position was not good at that time

  • It was his cherished dream

  • It was a very prospective job with opportunities to go abroad

5. Which of the following advices was given by his brother to Alexander?

    • To pursue a career in bacteriological research

    • To continue his school education

    • To take up a career in medicine

    • Not to pursue career in shipping

6. Why was it possible for Alexander to continue his studies?

  • The inspiration given by his farmer father

  • His desire to become a scientist at any cost

  • The shipping job gave him enough money

  • He inherited sufficient money to continue his education

7. Who amongst the following has not been mentioned in the passage as 'scientist'?

  • Jenner

  • Pasteur

  • Wright

  • Koch

8. Which of the following statements is not true in the context of the passage?

  • Alexander’s​​ father was a Scottish farmer

  • One of the​​ Alexander’s​​ brothers was a doctor

  • Alexander’s​​ performance in the medical school was very good

  • Harmful microbes attack and cause diseases to tissues which are injured by chemical disinfectants

Directions (Q.Nos. 9-10) Which of the following is most nearly the same in meaning as the word used in the passage?

9. VALUE

  • Cost

  • Importance​​ 

  • Respect

  • Price

10. ASKED

  • Directed

  • Suggested

  • Longed

  • Consulted

 

 

 

Answer key

Ans.1 – a.​​ According to the passage, the main problem being encountered by the doctors was to eliminate microbes while protecting body cells.

Ans.2 – d.​​ There is no such mention about the spare time​​ during​​ college days.

Ans.3 – b.​​ The role and importance of antiseptics in medical treatment was taught to the doctors at the beginning of 20th century.

Ans.4​​ – b.​​ After completing High School his family’s funds ran out and at 16 it took the job as shipping clerk.​​ 

Ans.5 – c.​​ Alexander’s brother advised him to take​​ up a career in medicine.

Ans.6​​ ​​ d.​​ He inherited sufficient money to continue his education.

Ans.7 – c.​​ Wright​​ has not been mentioned in the passage and scientist.

Ans.8 – d.​​ False statement-​​ ​​ harmful microbes attack and cause diseases to tissues which are injured by chemical disinfectants”​​ 

Ans.9​​ – b. Value – Importance

Ans.10 – b. Asked – Suggested.

 

 

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