Legal Reasoning Questions to Practice for CLAT 2020

Legal Reasoning Questions to Practice for CLAT 2020

Passage 1:

Putting or attempting to put a person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion has been penalised under this section. Putting in fear and attempting to put in fear of any injury both have been treated at par, and it is not necessary that extortion must take place because the language used is ‘in order to the committing of extortion’. The offence under section 385 is cognizable, bailable and non-compoundable, and is triable by any magistrate therefore FIR or Application u/s 156(3) or Private Complaint u/s 200 may be preferred. The section states that whoever either puts or attempt to put any person in fear of injury in order to the committing of extortion, shall be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to two years, or with fine, or with both. Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of either death or of grievous hurt either to that person or to any other person, shall be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. Thus, the use of the words ‘in order to the committing of extortion’ show that commission of extortion is not necessary. The offender must put or attempt to put any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other person. This offence is different from the offence of attempted robbery under section 393. Under section 387 the fear is of death or of grievous hurt while in section 393 the fear is of instant death or instant hurt or instant wrongful restraint under which the thing extorted must be delivered then and there.

Source

  • Extortion has been defined under

  • Section 383, Indian Penal Code

  • Section 384, Indian Penal Code

  • Section 384, Criminal Procedure Code

  • Section 385, Indian Penal Code

 

  • A tells B that he will publish a defamatory statement against B if B doesn’t pay him Rs. 1 lakh. A has committed the offence of

  • No offence

  • Offence of Criminal Misappropriation

  • Offence of Criminal misappropriation and extortion

  • Offence of extortion

  • Which of the following is not an essential requirement for the offence of extortion to be committed?

  • Injury

  • Fear of Injury

  • Delivery of property, valuable security or instrument

  • None of the above

 

  • X transfers a property to Y as Y has threatened to stab him to death​​ and pointed the knife at him, in case he didn’t transfer the property. It is

  • Not a case of extortion but Criminal Intimidation

  • NOT extortion as he didn’t threaten of injury but threatened if death

  • It is a fit case of extortion

  • None of the above

 

  • The Section that lays down the punishment for extortion is:

  • Section 383, Indian Penal Code

  • Section 384, Indian Penal Code

  • Section 384, Criminal Procedure Code

  • Section 385, Indian Penal Code

Passage 2:

Robbery is defined by the Black’s Law Dictionary as the felonious act of taking the personal property in the possession of another from his person or immediate presence against his will accomplished using force and fear, with an intention of permanently depriving the true owner of the thing in question. Robbery in common language means to deprive a person of his or her property. In all robbery, there is either theft or extortion. The essence of the offence of robbery is that the offender for committing theft or for carrying away or attempting to carry away the looted property, voluntarily causes or attempts to cause death or hurt or wrongful restraint. In all robbery, there is either theft or extortion. Even though a robbery would always be either theft or extortion as shown by the definition, in practice it may sometimes be quite​​ difficult to identify as to which part is robbery by theft and which one robbery by extortion.​​ ​​ The punishment for robbery is given under Indian Penal Code, 1860. As per the punishment section, any person who commits robbery shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment which may be extended up to ten years and shall also be liable to pay a fine. The nature of offence under this Section is cognizable, non-bailable, non-compoundable, and triable by Magistrate of the first class.

Source

  • After entering in the house, Akshay holds down Zubair by force and fraudently took the​​ valuable stones​​ from his pocket without Zubair’s consent. A has committed

  • Theft

  • Extortion

  • Robbery by Extortion

  • Robbery by Theft

  • A stranger randomly enters Khushi’s house and places his gun​​ on Khushi’s 2 year old son and asks Khushi to give him Rs. 10000​​ immediately, otherwise he will shoot the kid. Khushi, as a consequence of the threat, gives him the money. The offence committed is:

  • Extortion

  • Theft

  • Robbery by Extortion

  • Robbery by Theft.

  • In Indian Legal system, robbery is considered as​​ 

  • Crime against Person

  • Crime against Property

  • Both (a) and (b)

  • Neither (a) nor (b)

  • Where do we find the definition of robbery?

  • Section 390, Indian Penal Code

  • Section 392, Criminal Procedure Code

  • Section 392, Indian Penal Code

  • Section 391, Criminal Procedure Code

  • Which of the following statement are absolutely true?

  • Robbery and Dacoity are same

  • It can only be said to be robbery if 5 persons do it co jointly.

  • It can only be said to be Dacoity if 5 persons do it co jointly.

  • Both (b) and (c)

ANSWERS

Passage 1

  • (a)​​ 

  • (d)​​ As​​ all the​​ ingredients​​ for the offence of extortion as given in its definition are fulfilled.

  • (a), because fear of injury is important, not the actual injury as per the definition.

  • (c), it is a case of extortion by virtue of section 386, Indian Penal code as it​​ was the fear of​​ death.

  • (b)

Passage 2:

  • (d)​​ As​​ he took the valuable stone by theft and has​​ voluntarily caused wrongful restraint by holding down Zubair.

  • (c) As there was a fear of instant death and also the son was wrongfully restrained.

  • (b)

  • (a)

  • (c)​​ 

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