Legal Reasoning Practice Questions for CLAT

Legal Reasoning Practice Questions for CLAT

  • Under the Constitution ‘Doctrine of Eclipse’ applies:

  • Only to Pre-Constitutional law

  • Only to the Post Constitutional law

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. c

Rationale: doctrine of eclipse applies to both pre and post constitutional laws which are not in line with the basic structure of the Constitution

  • Article 14 does not encompass

  • Equality before law

  • Equal protection of law

  • Protection against arbitrary action

  • Protection of life and liberty

Ans. d

Rationale: Protection of life and liberty is guaranteed under Article 21

  • Which of the following fundamental rights is available to both the citizens and non citizen

  • The right to six freedoms

  • The right to equality before law

  • Cultural and educational rights

  • The right to equality of opportunity in public employment

Ans. b

Rationale: The right to equality before law is available only to citizens of India

  • Figure out the correctness of the following statement

‘A procedure which is arbitrary will definitely run counter to equality’

  • The statement is correct

  • The statement is incorrect

  • Both a and b

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: equality is contrary to arbitrariness

  • Article 15 of the​​ Constitution​​ prohibits discrimination between citizens on the bias of​​ 

  • Religion and caste only​​ 

  • Religion, race and caste only

  • Religion, caste and sex only

  • Religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them

Ans.​​ d

Rationale: Religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth are the reasonable restrictions of Article 15

  • Backwardness under Article 15(4)

  • Must be social and educational

  • Must be social and not necessarily to be educational

  • Must be economic as well as social​​ 

  • None of the above

Ans. a

Rationale: backwardness is understood in the terms of social and educational backwardness.

  • Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment is mentioned in which of the following Articles:

  • Article 14

  • Article 15

  • Article 16

  • Article 17

Ans. c

Rationale: Article 16 of the Constitution provides for equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

  • Fundamental rights conferred by Article 15(1) of the Constitution is available to

  • Any person

  • Any citizen

  • Any corporation

  • None of the above

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ Article 15 guarantees the right against prohibition of discrimination to citizens only

  • Article 16(4) refers to

  • Meritorious representation

  • Adequate representation

  • Numerical representation

  • Proportionate representation

Ans. b

Rationale: article 16(4) provides for adequate representation by giving reservation to backward classes.

  • ​​ Article 17 of Indian Constitution deals with

  • Education

  • Health​​ 

  • Abolition of untouchability

  • Food guarantee

Ans. c

Rationale: article 17 provides for abolition of untouchability

  • ​​ Freedom of speech and expression is available to whom?

  • Citizens

  • All including foreigners

  • Only a​​ 

  • Only b

Ans. c

Rationale: freedom of speech and expression is available to only citizens.

  • ​​ Which one out of the following is not a fundamental right?

  • Right to strike

  • Right against exploitation

  • Right to equality

  • Right to freedom of religion

Ans. a

Rationale: right to strike is not a fundamental right

  • ​​ Where any information sought under the Right to Information Act concerns the life or liberty of a person the same shall be provided within the receipt of the request

  • 24 hours

  • 72 hours

  • 96 hours

  • 48 hours

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ within 48 hours of the receipt of request information sought under the Right to Information Act

  • ​​ Which one of the following is not a ground on which a reasonable restrictions on the right to freedom of speech and expression can be imposed

  • Security of the State

  • Public order

  • Morality

  • Public policy

Ans. d

Rationale: freedom of speech and expression can be restricted on the grounds of public policy

  • ​​ Which one of the under mentioned right is guaranteed to the citizens of India as a freedom under Article 19 of the Constitution

  • Right to vote

  • Right to citizenship

  • Right to contest election

  • Right to peaceful assembly

Ans. d

Rationale: Article 19 states that all citizens shall have the right

(a) to freedom of speech and expression;

(b) to assemble peaceably and without arms;

(c) to form associations or unions;

(d) to move freely throughout the territory of India;

(e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India; and

(f) omitted

(g) to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business

 

 

 

 

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