Learn to Solve Statement and Assumption Questions for CLAT

Learn to Solve​​ Statement and Assumption Questions for CLAT

Statement and conclusion is basically a logical reasoning section.In this​​ type of questions, some statements are given followed by some inferential​​ conclusions which can be derived from the given statements.​​ 

You are required to consider the conclusions and then decide which of them logically follows beyond the responsible doubt from the information given in the statement.​​ Such questions are asked to test your ability to derive correct inferences from the given piece of information. The most important aspect of such questions in the nature of conclusion. Some of the conclusions can be easily and quickly retracted because these follow directly from the facts​​ stated in the statement.​​ 

The piece of information given in the statement clearly supports the conclusion. But sometimes conclusion may be indirect.​​ In such cases it becomes very difficult to decide the validity of confusion.​​ Sometime anyone of the Conclusion may follow and sometimes all may follow.​​ It may also happen that either one of them follow or none of them follow. It depends upon the reader’s perception power to analyse the statement to arrive at the right conclusion.

A conclusion will follow, ​​ if

  • It is implied in one for all the pieces of information.

  • It is a generalization of the idea given in the statement.

A conclusion is an opinion or decision that is formed after a period of thought or research on some fact or sentence stated by ssomeone. A​​ Consequent effect has always to be analysed before reaching to the final result​​ or​​ conclusion of a given premise​​ full stop this requires a very systematic and logical approach.

To reach a conclusion think only about the information given in the statement.​​ There is no need to use, assume anything​​ 200 add any further or extra information from outside to establish facts cannot be denied like Sun always rises in the east,​​ a day consist of 24 hour etc.

Important points

  • If the statement is formed with two or more sentences, then there should be no mutual contradiction in a sentence.

  • Statements and conclusions should not go against established​​ facts​​ and prevailing notion of truth.

  • Definite words are like all, always, at least, only​​ exactly and so on are used, then search words make the conclusion invalid or​​ ambiguous.

  • Always read very carefully and try to find keyword as they​​ play​​ an important role in analysing valid and invalid​​ conclusions.

  • If​​ the conclusion is provided with the stated example, then the conclusion is invalid.

How to attempt such type of questions?

If more than one statements are given, the information given in the different statement should be correlated to arrive at the conclusion.​​ 

Statement is given followed by two conclusions, 1 and 2 you. You have to consider the statement to be true,​​ even if it seems to be at variance from the commonly known facts. You are to decide which of the given conclusions can definitely be drawn from the given statement​​ and then indicate your answer.

  • Only 1 follows​​ 

  • Only 2 follows​​ 

  • Both 1 & 2 follows​​ 

  • Either 1 or 2 follows​​ 

  • Neither 1 nor 2 follows​​ 

Examples

  • Statement

Use of cosmetic is hazardous.

 

Conclusion​​ 

1.Cosmetics have side effects.

2.​​ Cosmetics are inexpensive

Answer-​​ according to the statement,​​ we can arrive at the conclusion that only one follows.

  • Statement

In a one day cricket match coma the total runs made by the team were 200. Out of these 160 runs where made by spinners.

 

Conclusion​​ 

    • 80% of the team consists of spinners.

    • The opening batsman where spinners.

 

Answer.5​​ neither​​ 1 nor 2​​ follows.​​ According to the statement, 80% of total runs were made by spinners full stop so one does not follow. Nothing about the opening batsman is mentioned in the statement so second also does not follows.

    • Statement

An apple a day,​​ keeps the doctor away.

Conclusion​​ 

    • Apple is good for health.

    • Orange is better than Apple.

 

Answer​​ 1 Only conclusion one​​ follows. Here​​ the statement is saying about the positive effect of eating an apple on our health.​​ So definitely eating Apple is good for our health. But nothing​​ in the statement has been told about the benefits of orange. Also we do not know about the comparison of benefits between apple and orange.​​ Hence here only first conclusion is valid.

 

Note:​​ while solving this type of problems, we have to assume whatever has been told in the statement is true.​​ In the above example if it would have been told that “a cup of tea keeps the doctor away”,​​ for us this would be the true statement.

 

 

 

Read all our logical reasoning posts including mock questions to practice for CLAT 2020

Read our logical reasoning post and practice questions on analogy for CLAT 2020

Want to join a crash course? Need more Logical Reasoning modules and practice questions for CLAT 2020? Visit CLATapult.

 

Got doubts about CLAT 2020? Find all your answers and much more here.

Get CLATalogue' Posts in Your Inbox