English Language Practice Questions on Active Passive Voice for CLAT 2020

English Language Practice Questions on Active Passive Voice for CLAT 2020

PASSAGE 1

Source:​​ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/general-english/magazine/lunar-new-year

The lunar calendar is based on the cycles of the moon, so the date of Lunar New Year is different each year. However, it is usually in January or February. As well as being celebrated in China, Lunar New Year is also an important festival in many other places, including Vietnam, Singapore and Korea. Each year is named after one of 12 animals. A traditional story explains how this came to be. One day, the Emperor decided to have a race for all the animals in the country. Unfortunately, only 12 animals actually managed to get to the race. The Emperor rewarded them by naming the 12 years of the lunar calendar after them. The first to finish was the rat, so the first year is named after him. The other eleven, in order, were the ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, goat, monkey, rooster, dog and pig. Different places celebrate in slightly different ways, but Lunar New Year is very much a family celebration wherever it takes place. The younger generation greet their parents and grandparents with good wishes for the year ahead and show their respect for the older generation. In Korea this is called sebae. The young people kneel on the ground and bow deeply. Older members of the family give younger ones cash presents, traditionally in small packets. Red packets are used in China and Vietnam, as red is a lucky colour. Nowadays, many people send money electronically too. It is lucky to send money in certain amounts, for example using the number eight, which in Chinese sounds like the word ‘prosper’. Traditional foods which are eaten at Lunar New Year often have another meaning. For example, in China, many people eat fish dishes because the Chinese word for ‘fish’ sounds similar​​ ​​ to ‘surplus’, meaning you will have plenty. In Korea, people serve a special soup. Thin pieces of rice cake are boiled in a clear soup with slices of beef and vegetables. The rice cake pieces are round and may represent coins and money. It is said that eating this soup at New Year makes you one year older. People joke that if you have two bowls of soup, you’ll be two years older! A traditional Vietnamese food is square rice cake, wrapped in leaves. It’s stuffed with pork​​ and vegetables and takes many hours to prepare; so many people buy the cake instead of making it. There are many other Lunar New Year traditions. For example, in Vietnam, people believe that the first person to enter their home in the New Year will decide their fortune for the year ahead. They are careful to invite someone who is kind, well behaved and successful. In Korea, families often play traditional board games together, such as yunnori. In this game, teams take it in turn to throw four specially shaped sticks into the air. They move around the board depending on how the sticks fall. In China, many people have firecrackers, which burn and make a loud bang. They watch street performances, where acrobatic dancers dress up as a lion or a dragon. They dance, accompanied by music and drums. People celebrate Lunar New Year in many different ways, but all the celebrations are about wishing everyone the very best for the year ahead. What do you wish for next year?

CHANGE THE VOICE OF THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES:

  • ​​ People celebrate Lunar New Year in many different ways.

  • In many different ways Lunar New Year is celebrated by people.

  • Lunar New Year is celebrated by people in many different ways.

  • People in many different ways celebrate Lunar New year.

  • In many different ways people are celebrating Lunar New Year.

Ans. b

Rationale: the object in the sentence is Lunar New Year and the subject is people, thus the passive sentence will start with Lunar New Year.

  • What do you wish for next year?

  • What is wished by you for next year?

  • For next year what is wished by you?

  • What for next year do you wish?

  • For next year what do you wish?

Ans. a

Rationale: the sentence starting with WH​​ word​​ retains the first word when the voice is changed and the rest sentence is then changed accordingly. Thus option a, is the answer.

  • It is said that eating this soup at New Year makes you one year older.

  • ​​ It is said by the people that eating this soup at New Year makes you one year older.

  • Eating this soup at New Year makes you one year older is said by the people.

  • People say that eating this soup at New Year makes you one year older.

  • It is said that you become one year older by eating this soup at New Year.

Ans. c

Rationale: the sentence given in question is in passive form and Sentence which start with, ‘they believed’, ‘people think/ say’,  ​​​​ 'we know’, 'everyone knows’ it is converted with ‘It is said’.

  • In Korea, people serve a special soup.

  • In Korea, special soup is served.

  • A special soup is served by people in Korea.

  • In Korea a special soup is served by people.

  • People serve a special soup in Korea.

Ans. a

Rationale: in change of voice when the subject is ‘people’ ‘someone’ etc then it is not used as the object. Thus option a, is the answer.

  • In Korea, families often play traditional board games together, such as yunnori.

  • Traditional board games such as yunnori are played by families often together in Korea.

  • Families often play traditional board games together, such as yunnori in Korea.

  • In Korea, families together play traditional board games, such as yunnori.

  • In Korea, traditional board games such as yunnori are often together played by families.

Ans. d

Rationale: the sentence is in simple present. In change of voice ‘are’ and third form of the verb will be used.

PASSAGE 2

Source:​​ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/general-english/magazine/world-kindness-day

World Kindness Day is celebrated on 13 November. How can we become happier by doing kind things for others? And how can we help the world by doing kind things for ourselves? Can you remember a time when somebody was kind to you? Perhaps a person allowed you to go in front of them in a queue. Maybe your sister phoned you to ask how your week was going. Or perhaps a stranger or a friend helped you in a much deeper way. There are a million ways to offer kindness. And at a time when the world seems to have so many​​ problems, some people have started to take the issue of kindness very seriously indeed! Few people would disagree with the idea that a kind action is good for the soul. It is a win-win situation, leading to a sense of well-being both for the receiver of this kind gesture, as well as for the person who does the action. As a simple example, let’s imagine you have a workmate who always does a very good job. How about taking a moment to mention this to them, just in conversation or perhaps by email? The effects of this will probably be quite clear: your workmate will be happy to receive some praise and, in addition, you will probably feel good about yourself for having spread a little joy. Many organisations try to encourage people to do kind acts, wherever and whenever they can. The idea behind this is that it doesn’t take any major plan to be kind, just a little bit of effort. Perhaps the strongest supporters of this idea are the Random Acts of Kindness (RAK) Foundation, who work with schools and companies to teach people kindness skills. They operate under the beliefs that kindness can be taught and that it is contagious. Their activities range from suggesting kind acts to allowing their website-users to become ‘RAKtivists’ (people who officially register themselves as activists of kindness). Apart from using your own common sense, the RAK website suggests some more imaginative ways to show kindness. Generally, these fall into three categories. The first is interpersonal kindness. Some examples are donating old clothes to charity or writing a positive online comment about a restaurant that you like. The second is environmental kindness, which could mean simply recycling or organising a group event to clean a local park or beach. The third category is less obvious: personal kindness, which means treating yourself kindly. Some examples are taking a walk in nature or setting yourself an objective to complain less. The logic is that by being kind to yourself, you will automatically be kinder to the world around you. This is an annual celebration which takes place on 13 November each year. The day is marked in many countries, drawing attention to the amazing work of organisations and individuals in local communities. How do people celebrate this day? Well, being kind … and having lots of fun. One typical event is to use ‘kindness cards’. These are small cards which you hand to somebody when you do a kind act for them – with the message that now it is the other person’s turn to ‘pass on’ the card by doing a kind act for another person. Most experts on kindness agree that it has a sort of ripple effect. This means that one kind action tends to lead to more and more. So don’t wait for kindness to find you today, go and start a new ripple!

CHANGE THE VOICE OF THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES:

  • There are a million ways to offer kindness.

  • There are a million ways to be offered kindness.

  • To offer kindness there are a million ways.

  • There are a million ways to offer kindness by people.

  • To offer kindness by people there are​​ million​​ ways.

Ans. a

Rationale: sentences which start with ‘there’, in change of voice ‘to be’ + third form of the verb are used. Thus, option a, is the answer.

  • Can you remember a time when somebody was kind to you?

  • When somebody was kind to you can you remember that?

  • Can a time be remembered by you when somebody was kind to you?

  • Can a time when somebody was kind to you was remembered by you?

  • When somebody was kind to you can be remembered by you?

Ans. b

Rationale: This is an interrogative sentence starting with modal auxiliary thus the rule-‘modal Auxiliary’ + subject + be + 3rd​​ form of verb + by + object’ will be followed.

  • World Kindness Day is celebrated on 13 November.

  • On 13 November World Kindness Day is celebrated by people.

  • World Kindness Day is celebrated on 13 November by people

  • On 13 November World Kindness Day is celebrated.

  • People celebrate World Kindness Day on 13 November.

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ the sentence given in question is in passive voice. In change of voice the sentence will start with ‘people’. Thus option d is the answer.

  • Go and start a new ripple!

  • Let a new ripple be started by you.

  • You are advised to go and start a new ripple.

  • You must go and start a new ripple.

  • A new ripple shall be started.

Ans. b

Rationale: the sentences which are in the form of ‘advice’ while changing the voice following rule is used-​​ You are advised + to + object

  • How do people celebrate this day?

  • How this day is celebrated by people?

  • This day is how celebrated by people?

  • People celebrate this day how?

  • How this day is celebrated?

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ the sentences which start with WH word, retain it in change of voice, rest sentence is changed accordingly.

 

 

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