Decision Making Questions Based on Passages for CLAT 2020

Decision Making Questions Based on Passages for CLAT 2020

Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions

Who is a good listener ?​​ One who listens to the end. That is something we cannot say about many people. Even in formal discussions people keep interrupting partly because they are in the habit of assuming that they know in advance what the speaker is going to say, but often because they have no patience to listen. It is not surprising that listening is now regarded not merely as a skill but as an attitude which high-level courses in management and administration find important to encourage. Storytelling promotes patient listening during the formative stage of our lives when the skill of listening and the attitude it implies towards the speaker have a good chance to become lifelong habits. It is somewhat strange that good listeners have become so rare in our country which has such an old and strong oral culture. My guess is that the neglect of storytelling during childhood has a lot to do with it. Modern India seems to have no time to tell stories regularly to children, and the consequences are becoming apparent.

Children want to hear the stories they like again and again. The reason is that they use their familiarity with the story to test their own growing capacity to pay attention, but in an unconscious way. They enjoy the fact that during a second or third listening they can successfully predict what will happen next. The joy of prediction coming true is precisely what story- listening offers to an experienced listener; and it is not just joy: it reinforces the child-listener's confidence in his or her ability to predict. The confidence has a seminal role to play in all- round development, especially in learning how to read which is easily the biggest challenge of the first two years at school.

​​ 1. 'Seminal role' means

  • an indifferent role​​ 

  • a dubious role

  • c) a very important role​​ 

  • None of the above

2. Why does the writer think that people interrupt a speaker?

  • Because they lack patience

  • Because they think they know what is coming

  • Both (a) and (b)

  • Because it is not part of our culture

3. Formative stage' refers to

  • during youth​​ 

  • early childhood

  • kinder garten​​ 

  • None of the above

4. Reasons for the lack of good listeners are

  • lack of time

  • neglect of oral traditions

  • lack of storytelling​​ 

  • all the above

5. Listening to stories enhances

  • attentions span and confidence

  • patience, predictive ability, attention span and confidence

  • patience and confidence

  • patience and ability to predict outcomes

​​ Directions for Q. No. 6 to 10​​ : Read the following information carefully and then answer the questions based on it. Following are the criteria for admitting a student in Engineering course :

The student must:

  • A. have passed​​ 12th ​​​​ ​​ Std. Science examination with Mathematics and have secured at least 60%

  • be of 18 years age on 1st Sep, 1996.

  • have obtained 75% marks in the entrance test.

  • be able to pay Rs 30,000 at the time of admission.

In case of a candidate who satisfies all the other criteria except at:

1. C above, but has obtained 85% marks in the​​ 12th​​ ​​ Std. Science examination, should be referred to the Principal.

2. D above, but can pay Rs 15,000 at the time of admission can be provisionally admitted.​​ 

 

You are given the following cases as on 1st Sep, 1996. Depending upon the information provided in each case and based on the criteria mentioned above, recommend your​​ decision. You are not to assume anything. Give your answer as:

  • if the student is to be admitted,

  • if the student is not to be admitted,

  • if the student is to be referred to the Principal,

  • if the student is to be admitted provisionally,

  • if the data are inadequate.

6.​​ Saurav​​ has passed​​ 12th​​ ​​ Std. Science examination with Mathematics and has secured 60% marks. He was born on 12th Jan, 1978. He can pay Rs 30,000 at the time of admission.

7. Mukesh has passed​​ 12th​​ ​​ Std. Science examination with Mathematics and secured 90% marks. His date of​​ birth is 15th​​ July, 1978. He has obtained 55% marks in the entrance test. He can pay the fee of Rs 30,000 at the time of admission.

8.​​ Ratnesh​​ has secured 80% marks in the entrance test and can pay admission fee of Rs 24,000 at the time of admission. He has secured 55% marks in the​​ 12th ​​​​ Std. Science examination with Mathematics.

9. Karthik was 17 years old as on 11th Sep, 1995. He has secured 80% marks in his with​​ 12th​​ Std. Science examination with Mathematics. He has secured 80% marks in the entrance test and can pay the admission fee of Rs 30,000

10.​​ Lokesh​​ was born on 5th April, 1975. She has secured 75% marks in​​ 12th​​ Std. Science examination with Mathematics and can pay admission fee of Rs 30,000. She has secured 90% marks in the entrance.

Answer key

Ans.1 – c. Seminal role means a very important role.

Ans.2 – c. the author think that people interrupt a speaker because they lack patience and also because they think they know what is coming.

Ans.3 – b. Formative stage refers to early childhood.

Ans.4 – d. All the given option.

Ans. 5​​ ​​ b. Listening to the stories enhances patience, predictive ability, attention span and confidence.​​ 

Ans.6 – e. Information with regard to Condition C not given. Hence, course of action can't be decided on account of inadequate information

Ans.7 – c.​​ As in the​​ given Condition E, candidate should be​​ referred to Principal

Ans. 8 – b.​​ Candidate does not​​ fulfill​​ Condition A. Hence, candidate​​ should be rejected.

Ans.9 - b​​ Candidate does not satisfy Criteria B. Hence, his​​ candidature should be rejected

Ans.10 - ​​ a.​​ The candidate satisfy all the conditions. Hence, he​​ should be selected.

 

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