HomeCurrent Affairs & GKCurrent AffairsComprehension Based Questions on December 2020 Current Affairs

Comprehension Based Questions on December 2020 Current Affairs

Passage 1

The entire Nagaland was on Wednesday declared a “disturbed area” for six more months by the central government. This enabled the continuation of the controversial AFSPA which empowers security forces to conduct operations anywhere and arrest anyone without any prior warrant.​​ It was​​ said in a notification that the central government is of the opinion that the area comprising the whole of Nagaland is in such a “disturbed and dangerous condition” that the use of armed forces in aid of the civil power is necessary, reported PTI.

“Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 3 of the AFSPA, the central government hereby declares that whole of the State of Nagaland to be 'disturbed area' for a period of six months with effect from 30th December 2020 for the purpose of the said Act,” PTI quoted the notification.

A home ministry official said the decision to continue the declaration of Nagaland as a "disturbed area" has been taken as killings, loot and extortion have been going on in various parts of the state which necessitated the action for the convenience of the security forces operating there., reported PTI.

There have been demands from various organisations in the Northeast as well as in Jammu and Kashmir for repealing the AFSPA, which, they allege, gives "sweeping powers" to security forces, reported PTI.

As per a report in PTI, the AFSPA has not been withdrawn even after a framework agreement was signed on August 3, 2015 by NSCN-IM general secretary Thuingaleng Muivah and government interlocutor R N Ravi in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The framework agreement came after over 80 rounds of negotiations spanning 18 years, with the first breakthrough in 1997 when the ceasefire agreement was sealed after decades of insurgency in Nagaland. However, the peace process has been stuck for some time as the NSCN-IM has been pressing for a separate flag and Constitution, a demand rejected by the central government, reported PTI.

Sources


1. What is the full form of AFSPA?

  • ​​ Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (No. 28 of 1958)

  • Armed Forces (Special​​ ParaMilitary) Act, 1958 (No. 28 of 1955)

  • Armed Forces (Strategic​​ Powers) Act, 1958 (No. 28 of 1967)

  • None of these

  • The AFSPA has been revoked from:

  • Uttar Pradesh

  • Nagaland

  • Meghalaya

  • Nagaland

  • NSCN- IM is a​​ 

  • Political Party

  • Insurgent group

  • Religious group

  • None of these

  • The capital of state of Nagaland is

  • Kohima

  • Shillong

  • Gangtok

  • None of these

  • Who declares any area as disturbed area under AFSPA?

  • Ministry of Defence

  • Ministry of Home Affairs

  • Ministry of Finance

  • None of these

Passage 2

X, India’s oldest strategic partner, has announced to establish​​ X-India Friendship Association, in what would be the first such initiative.
X’s Foreign Minister Sayyid Badr bin Hamad bin Hamood Al Busaidi held detailed dialogue with his Indian counterpart S Jaishankar on Wednesday on giving further momentum to strategic ties. Ahead of the dialogue Al Busaidi on Sunday announced his Ministry’s decision to establish​​ X-India Friendship Association.​​ The aim of the association to provide a platform that promotes friendship, understanding and matters of mutual interest between​​ X​​ and India business and social communities in the Sultanate.

On Wednesday, the two Ministers had extensive discussions on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues amid fast moving developments in West Asia and in the backdrop of Jaishankar’s recent trip to UAE & Bahrain.​​ Both sides agreed to continue working closely to address the ongoing challenges emanating from the pandemic.​​ The two Ministers reviewed cooperation in key areas of India-X​​ strategic partnership viz. defence and security, economic cooperation, capacity building and training, consular issues and people-to-people ties. They noted the huge potential for expanding economic partnership given the strong complementarities between the two economies, according to an official statement.​​ X​​ too has invested substantially in India and some of the investments are-- India-X​​ Joint Investment Fund, a JV between State Bank of India and State General Reserve Fund (SGRF) of​​ X, a special purpose vehicle to invest in India, has been operational. Bharat​​ X​​ Refineries the X​​ India Joint venture is a $ 1.2 billion investment in India.​​ Between​​ X​​ and India Investment flows both ways have increased and have been robust, as reflected in numerous joint ventures, established both in India and​​ X​​ with estimated total investment of around $ 7.5 billion. There are over 3200 Indian enterprises and establishments in​​ X.

  • Which country​​ is being referred to as X in the passage above?

  • Kuwait

  • Oman

  • Saudi Arabia

  • None of these

  • Country X is located in which Continent?

  • Asia

  • Europe

  • South America

  • Africa

  • Which of the following statements is not true about Country X?

  • Country X is located in Asia

  • Country X shares boundary with India

  • Both (a) and (b)

  • None of these

  • S. Jaishankar is the current

  • Home Minister

  • Finance Affairs Minister

  • Minister of External affairs

  • None of the above

Answers:

  • (a)

  • (c)

  • (b)

  • (a)

  • (b)

Passage 2

  • (b)

  • (a)

  • (b)

  • (c)

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