Comprehension Based Practice Questions on Vocabulary for CLAT 2020

VOCABULARY PRACTICE QUESTIONS​​ for CLAT 2020

PASSAGE​​ 1​​ (Source:​​ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/general-english/magazine/hanukkah)

Hanukkah, or the Festival of Lights, is a Jewish celebration. ​​ Its date changes from year to year, but it always takes place either in November or December. It lasts for eight days and is celebrated by Jews around the world.​​ The most important part of Hanukkah is the lighting of the menorah (a special candleholder used in Jewish ceremonies). For Hanukkah, there is a special menorah with nine candles. Eight of the candles represent the eight days of the festival. The ninth candle is used to light the other eight. On the first day, only one candle is lit, on the second day, two candles, and so on, until all the candles are lit on the last day. ​​ The candles are lit at sunset and should burn for at least half an hour. ​​ They are usually put at a door or a window so that people can see them from outside.​​ The festival celebrates when a group of Jews won back a temple from the Greeks in the second century BC. They made a new menorah to replace the one that had been broken. But when they went to light it, they could only find one​​ wee​​ bowl of the special oil they needed. There was only enough oil to last one night but they knew it would​​ take them eight days to concoct​​ more. They lit the lamps with the oil on that first night, thinking it would burn for just one night. But the oil lasted for another seven nights and this event gave birth to Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights.​​ Oil is an important part of the Hanukkah celebrations and all kinds of food made with oil are eaten on the eight days. ​​ In central and eastern Europe they make latke, fried potato​​ pancakes that​​ they eat with apple sauce or sour cream. ​​ The favourite treat in Israel is sufganiyot (doughnuts filled with​​ strawberry jam). Other​​ voguish​​ festival foods include apple cakes and pretzels (bread made in the shape of a knot). Family and friends are very important during the festival. It's traditional to invite people to your home to have dinner and to play games together. ​​ The most traditional game is played with a dreidel, a wooden spinning top with four sides. There are four Hebrew letters on the four sides and, depending on which letter your top lands on, you win or lose. The game is usually played with nuts and dried fruit and sweets. Lots of families give​​ pourboire​​ during the festival, especially to children. ​​ These are often games that the whole family can play together or books and other small gifts. ​​ It is also a tradition to give money to children​​ (Hanukkah gelt) and to​​ coax​​ them to donate some of their money to good causes.

Give the suitable meaning of the following words as used in the passage:

  • Pourboire

  • advice

  • Gifts

  • Bribe

  • Guerdon

Ans. b

Rationale:​​ the word is used in ‘Lots of families give​​ pourboire​​ during the festival, especially to children’. During festivals presents are given to children, thus option b is the answer.

  • Wee

  • Large

  • Bounty

  • Major

  • Small

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ the word is used in ‘But when they went to light it, they could only find one​​ wee​​ bowl of the special oil they needed. Herein there was need of oil to light the candles and the meaning indicates to the insufficiency of oil, thus option d is the answer.

  • Coax

  • Encourage

  • Unsupportive

  • Hinder

  • Initiate

Ans. a

Rationale: the word is used in ‘It is also a tradition to give money to children (Hanukkah gelt) and to​​ coax​​ them to donate some of their money to good causes’. The sentence depicts tradition to donate money and by doing such practice they motivate their children to do the same. Thus option a is the answer.

 

  • Concoct

  • Misfit

  • Subvert

  • Prepare

  • Demolish

Ans. c

Rationale: the word is used in ‘There was only enough oil to last one night but they knew it would​​ take them eight days to​​ concoct​​ more’. The sentence refers to the usage of oil for lighting the candles, owing to the shortage of oil there was a need to prepare more oil. Thus option c is the answer.

  • Voguish

  • Obscure

  • Unknown

  • Popular

  • Different

Ans. c

Rationale:​​ the word is used in ‘Other​​ voguish​​ festival foods include apple cakes and pretzels (bread​​ made in the shape of a knot).​​ Family and friends are very important during the festival’. The sentence talks about the liked dishes of the festival thus option c is the answer.

 

PASSAGE 2 (Source:​​ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/general-english/magazine/nowruz)

Nowruz means 'new day' in Persian and is the most important festival of the year in Iran. It is also celebrated in a number of other countries across the Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia, the Balkans and East Africa, and dates back at least 3,000 years. The holiday has changed over the thousands of years that it has been celebrated, and different regions have preserved or developed different traditions, as well as adding new ones. But wherever it is observed, it celebrates the original message of rebirth and renewal.​​ Nowruz marks the spring equinox, when night and day are of equal length. This is usually on 20 or 21 March. It's the day when winter changes into spring in the northern hemisphere, and it feels like a new beginning. In Iran it is followed by four days of public holidays, and schools and universities close for two weeks. ​​ People start their preparation for the festivities weeks beforehand. They clean their homes from top to bottom, including carpets, windows and curtains. Everyone in the family helps out. Anything broken is repaired or replaced and the house is​​ festooned​​ with flowers. By doing this spring cleaning, people wash away the​​ shoddy​​ things from the previous year and prepare for better things to come in the​​ New Year. People prepare a special table in their homes, where they place small dishes holding seven symbolic foods and spices. The names of these foods all start with the​​ letter’s’​​ in Persian and so the table is called the 'seven s's' (haft-seen). The dishes generally contain wheat or bean sprouts (sabze), vinegar (serke), apples (sib), garlic (sir), a wheat-based pudding called samanu, a red spice called sumac, and senjed, a kind of wild olive which is​​ quotidian​​ in the region. Other symbolic objects can include goldfish, painted eggs, candles and a mirror. The seven s's symbolise life, love, health and prosperity.​​ Fire forms an important part of the​​ celebrations​​ and bonfires are built and lit on the streets for four Tuesdays in the weeks before Nowruz. On the last Tuesday, people observe the Festival of Fire (Chaharshanbe Suri), which involves jumping over these fires, which is believed to bring health and good luck in the​​ New Year. Iranians spend the night of Nowruz with their family. The traditional​​ New Year​​ dinner is white fish with rice and herbs. Many families give a money gift (called eidi) to the children to mark the​​ New Year. People often visit each other's homes and always bring traditional gifts. ​​ People also revel​​ on the street. Traditional poetry, song and dance play a​​ pivotal​​ role in the celebrations, and people fill the streets to watch and take part in the performances. Traditional sports are also popular. They often involve horse-riding or wrestling. The festivities end on the thirteenth day after Nowruz, when people traditionally spend the day picnicking outside. The countryside is full of families eating, dancing, singing and enjoying the last day of the holidays.

  • Quotidian

  • Rare

  • Unusual

  • unknown

  • common

Ans. d

Rationale:​​ the word is used in ‘The dishes generally contain wheat or bean sprouts (sabze), vinegar (serke), apples (sib), garlic (sir), a wheat-based pudding called samanu, a red spice called sumac, and senjed, a kind of wild olive which is​​ quotidian​​ in the region. The names given in the sentence refers to some native dishes which are peculiar to the place, thus option d is the answer.

  • Festooned

  • Decorate

  • Simplify

  • Blemish

  • Mar

Ans. a

Rationale: the word is used in ‘Anything broken is repaired or replaced and the house is​​ festooned​​ with flowers. Flowers are used to decorate something thus option a is the answer.

  • Revel

  • Unsung

  • Criticize

  • Celebrate

  • Castigate

Ans. c

Rationale: the word is used in ‘People often visit each other's homes and always bring traditional gifts. ​​ People also​​ revel​​ on the street’. The sentence indicates that​​ people on the occasion express their joy by celebration thus, option c is the answer.

  • Shoddy

  • Skilled

  • Bad

  • Virtuous

  • Reputable

Ans. b

Rationale: the word is used in ‘By doing this spring cleaning, people wash away the​​ shoddy​​ things from the previous year and prepare for better things to come in the​​ New Year.’ The sentence highlights at getting rid of bad things from the previous year as people will carry only good things ahead and not the bad ones, thus option b is the answer.

  • Pivotal

  • Main

  • Minor

  • Secondary

  • Inessential

Ans. a

Rationale: the word is used in ‘Traditional poetry, song and dance play a​​ pivotal​​ role in the​​ celebrations​​ and people fill the streets to watch and take part in the performances’. The sentence talks about the main events of the celebration and highlights the positive meaning thus option a is the answer.

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