CLATalogue’s CLAT 2020 Mock Test 2

Quantitative Reasoning

GRAPH 1: ​​​​ The following line-graph represents the number (in thousands) of branches of public sector banks in India in different years:

• Find the percentage​​ increase in the number of branches from 1980-81 to 2010-11.

• 200

• 300

• 400

• 500

• If the total number of public sectors banks in 1980-81 and 2020-21 were 14 and 28 respectively, then find the ratio of average branches per bank in these two years.

• 1:3

• 1:4

• 1:5

• 1:6

• There is a proposal to merge SBI and its associate banks in 2020-21 due to which the total number of branches will decrease by 5000. After this SBI has 40% of total branches. Find the percentage change in the total branches of SBI and its associate banks before and after merging.

• 14% increase

• 14% decrease

• 14 2/7 % decrease

• 16% increase

• If 40% of the total branches are in rural areas in 1990-91 and 40% of the total branches are in urban areas in 2020-21, then find the increase in the number of rural​​ branches in these two years.

• 30000

• 20000

• 50000

• 40000

• If there were 10000 branches less in 2000-01, then between which two decades, is the growth rate in number of branches the lowest?

• 1980-81 to 1990-91

• 1990-91 to 2000-01

• 2010-11 to 2020-21

• 2000-01 to​​ 2010-11

Graph 2:​​ The following graph gives the information about calories per day required for different age of babies in the first six years of their lives.

• In a family there are 4 babies of 1 year, 3-year, 5 year, and 6-year old. Total how much calories will be required per day in the family for babies?

• 5550

• 4850

• 5400

• 5150

• Calories required per day for 5-year-old baby is how much percentage less than that of 6-year-old baby?

• 25

• 20

• 15

• 10

• In the month of January total how much calories will be consumed​​ by a 2-year-old baby?

• 30000

• 12000

• 1000

• 31000

• Total calories consumed by a 5-year-old baby in the month of April is what percentage of total calories consumed by a 6-year-old baby in the month of March ? (rounded off two decimal)

• 67.42

• 78.87

• 76.49

• 77.42

• Find the absolute difference between total calories consumed by a 2-year-old baby in the month of December and the total calories consumed by a 3- year-old baby in the month of July?

• 3100

• 3000

• 2000

• 2100

Legal Reasoning

Passage 1:​​ An issue hangs like​​ the proverbial sword of Damocles on the moral fabric of the nation’s political system. India’s controversial anti-defection law, which is often invoked just before a trial of strength to manipulate numbers in a House, needs to be quickly debated and dusted. Currently, the provisions of the law are prone to serious abuse and manipulation.

On September 18, 2017, 18 dissident AIADMK MLAs belonging to the TTV Dinakaran faction were disqualified by Tamil Nadu Speaker P Dhanapal after they withdrew support to Chief Minister E Palaniswami, bringing the effective strength of the House from 234 to 215. It is a different matter that Palaniswami needs only 108 MLAs to survive.

Consider the case in 2015 when the Hyderabad High Court refused to intervene after hearing​​ a petition that alleged the delay by the Telangana Assembly Speaker in acting against a member under the anti-defection law.

Now, there have been several cases where the courts have expressed concern about the unnecessary delay in deciding such petitions.​​ This delay in decision making has often helped members, who have defected from their parties, to remain members of the House. In some cases, opposition members have been appointed ministers while still retaining membership of their original parties. This​​ needs to change.

Source

• Which of the following views can be attributed to the author of the above passage?

• Defection is​​ political right given to every citizen of India

• Defection should be encouraged to protect the MP/MLA’s right to life

• The act of voluntarily giving up membership of the house/s shall not be considered as defection

• The anti-defection law sought to prevent such political defections which may be due to reward of office or other similar considerations.

Passage 2:​​ The words of Sir Francis Bacon — “Knowledge is power” — aptly bring out the essence of the Right to Information Act (RTI). Knowledge, gained through​​ access to correct information, has the ability to upturn the power dynamic: It places a person at a formidable position to fight for their rights and enables them to ask vital questions.

The introduction of this Act into the country’s approach to governance has revolutionised the democratic landscape of India. It has strengthened the principles of democracy, which in​​ Abraham Lincoln’s words is “of the people, by the people and for the people”, by facilitating people’s participation in governance. Empowerment of the people by enabling the demand of information from government authorities lifted the veil of secrecy from government functioning — which helped in keeping a check on arbitrary decision making by public institutions. Contrary to popular belief, the​​ RTI was not just limited to the urban elites; it gave voice to the poor sections of the society by providing them with a tool of information to hold the government accountable. This was confirmed by a nation-wide assessment held by PricewaterhouseCoopers,​​ which stated that out of two million RTI applications filed between 2005 and 2009, a total of 4,00,000 were from rural areas.

Source

• Which of the following views​​ cannot​​ be attributed to the author of the above passage?

• RTI has created a new bureaucracy for implementing the law.

• RTI has made the government more accountable.

• RTI aims to bring an end to the culture of governmental secrecy.

• RTI is a powerful tool to mobilize the people.

.

• According to the Passage, RTI stands for;

• Citizen empowerment

• Endemic Corruption

• Paralysis and Fear in the Government.

• Decreasing trust between Citizen and the Government.

• The Supreme Court has recently ruled that it is a “public authority” and the office of the CJI is part and parcel of the institution. If a Chief Judge is being investigated for his involvement in a high-level corruption scandal in the administrative office of the SC, can an application under RTI be filed to pertaining to the same?

• No; A Chief Justice is the Master of the Roster and has the power to power to declare the final decision on any dispute with regard to the Supreme Court.

• No; Only the Parliamentarians can proceed against the CJI.

• Yes; Since the concept of judicial independence is not judge’s personal privilege but responsibility cast on the person.

• Yes; Since, confidentiality and right to privacy have to be maintained and that RTI can be used for as a tool of surveillance.

Passage 3;​​ The makers of our Constitution designed the institutions of our republic with great care and attention to detail. The deliberations of the Constituent Assembly bear witness to the extraordinary quality of thought which went into the making of these institutions. They were designed to endure and it was expected that as the republic grew, a body of good practices, conventions and intangible legacies would nourish and sustain them and make them stronger.

Instead, we have seen every party in power since Indira Gandhi try to weaken and diminish these institutions. The Parliament, the Supreme Court, the Chief Election Commissioner, the Comptroller & Auditor General, the Union Public Service Commission are among the long list of institutions where ​​ constant attempts ​​ have been made to subdue them, erode their ​​ autonomy and authority (sometimes in the guise of reform) and have them subordinated to the will of the political executive, particularly the Prime Minister’s Office. Yet, their structural strength has enabled them to resist these attacks and substantially retain their character although each of them is probably weaker than before. The one institution that has received the maximum battering from every quarter is that of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). In the sixty four years of its existence (it came into existence ​​ in 1951 by an Act of Parliament under Article 312 of the Constitution), there have been more than fifty Commissions, Committees, Task Forces etc that have questioned and investigated different aspects of its architecture, tinkered with the recruitment system, and re-engineered it to change the socio-cultural and age profile of the entrants, introduced an OBC quota in addition to the original one for SC and ST, and suggested several other ‘reforms’ which have substantially changed its character.

Some changes have been necessitated by major sociological and political developments, for instance, the acceptance of the recommendations of the Mandal Commission. Some others have been motivated​​ by the desire to make the IAS politically and culturally more acceptable. Yet despite these changes in the original architecture — or maybe because of them — the institution remains central to the working of the Government and, in the minds of the public,​​ still exercises disproportionate power in the scheme of things.

Source

• Which of the following views can be attributed to the author of the above passage?

• The IAS​​ has become obsolete due to vast sociological and political developments since its inception.

• The IAS has remained thoroughly unchanged during its sixty years of existence.

• The IAS has had several reforms which have not changed its character.

• The role of​​ IAS is pivotal to Governance and has an unequal share of privilege and entitlement.​​

• The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is diminished, completely weakened and the officers are selected from their birth state and posted to the same. In such a situation, according to the author;

• The values enshrined with in the Constitution of India shall be upheld.

• The IAS shall have an all India Perspective.

• The IAS shall be affected by the local political changes.

• The IAS shall be secure enough to maintain an independent, non-partisan perspective without fear or favour.

Passage 4:​​ Delivering the second Atal Bihari Vajpayee memorial lecture on Monday, former President Pranab Mukherjee stressed upon the need to increase the number of Lok Sabha seats to 1,000 through delimitation. Advocating the need to increase number of seats, Mukherjee said that last enhancement of seats in the lower house of Parliament took place in 1977 when the population of the country was 55-crore. Along with Lok Sabha, former President said, the​​ number of seats in Rajya Sabha should be increased. Giving impetus to the need of increasing seats, he added, “In 1977, population was 55 crore or 550 million whereas today it stands at 1.3 billion. There has been an embargo on increasing the seats in Parliament and in state assemblies till 2026. Even by 2011 census of population, the number of voters has increased per Lok Sabha constituency.”

“If British can have 650 parliamentarians, Canada can have 443 and US 535 why can't we have 1000?”, Pranab Mukherjee added.

“Convert central Hall into Lok Sabha and Lower House premises can be turned into Rajya Sabha. And also have an adequate number of women representatives. We have the highest percentage of 14.6 per cent of the total house strength elected since 1952”, news agency ANI quotes the former President as saying.

Refer: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-pranab-mukherjee-wants-1000-mps-and-why-lok-sabha-has-only-543-today-6171910/

• Which of the following statements does not concur with​​ the view of the speaker in the above passage?

• The number of Seats in Lok Sabha needs to increase since the composition of the house has remained more or less the same for four decades.

• The number of Seats in Lok Sabha needs to increase to rationalize the​​ same on the basis of population.

• The number of Seats in Lok Sabha needs to increase as the Constitution (126 Amendment) Bill has done away with Anglo Indian nomination bringing the Lok Sabha number to 543.

• The number of Seats in Lok Sabha needs to decrease​​ to accommodate a Presidential form of Government.

Passage 5:​​ A news piece resurfaced recently about how the Delhi High Court had granted a divorce to a man who said he was subjected to repeated verbal cruelty by his wife. She allegedly taunted him about his weight and his inability to maintain conjugal relations. Of course there must have been more than frivolous abuses that led to the breakdown of this marriage but the fact that the Court had taken a strong view of their bitter exchanges, which the wife had quite reasonably contended were vague and non-specific,​​ suggests a departure from the sympathy with which courts view a woman’s situation in such cases.​​ “When two parties are in a marital relationship neither is expected to maintain a logbook and note therein each and every instance of a matrimonial offence committed by the other,” the judge had concluded, before sanctioning the divorce.

This judge appears to have a very idealistic idea of the kinds of conversations couples have but in a long relationship, often, it is precisely a mental logbook documenting old grievances and laments that come up during a fight. Laws are framed for the greater good and Indian legislation is generous to women stuck in abusive marriages, at least on paper. The perils of living in a (slightly more) gender-equal world is that occasionally, the ball will roll to the other side.​​ In another divorce case, a Delhi court asked a woman to look for a job saying since she was so qualified she should not be burdening her estranged husband. The woman had argued that she had married young and never held a job, or travelled alone. The judge had acerbically replied that if she could come to court to fight litigation alone, she could very well go looking for a job alone. If the message from these cases is that we’re all expected to look after ourselves and the historic security system that marriage offered can no longer be taken for granted, it is worth looking at how horribly risky a marriage is for women, to begin with.

In the first case, it​​ seems the wife was supposed to make peace with being stuck forever in a loveless marriage with an unattractive man who was fine with the status quo and wilfully indifferent to her unhappiness. Her asking for compensation for her opportunity cost (where she could have been if she hadn’t married him) backfired. In the second case, the aftermath of a divorce is far more terrifying. The judgment failed to take into account the vagaries inbuilt in Indian marriages and the unspoken pressures that women in every​​ economic strata have to cope with. Perhaps this qualified woman didn’t work because her in-laws didn’t approve or she was raised to believe her career shouldn’t undermine her husband’s. As for her being​​ urged to seek employment post the separation, there is the very practical reality that despite whatever degrees you hold, if you’ve been out of the workplace for years, it’s very difficult to explain a long gap in a resume.

Source

• Which of the following views can be attributed to the author of the above passage?

• Indian courts are only taken cognizance of serious allegations in order to grant divorce on the grounds of​​ irretrievable breakdown of marriage.

• Indian Courts are no longer showing any sympathy to women with regard to divorce cases.

• Indian courts have always granted divorces in cases where the marriage has caused emotional trauma and disturbance to both parties.

• The Indian Courts should consider the built-in inequality in Indian marriages that reduces the ability of women to rebuild their lives from that point of breakdown.

Passage 6: “…Fears are being expressed that India’s implementation of the National​​ Register of Citizens (NRC), first in the state of Assam and subsequently in the whole country could rock the boat. While there is no doubt that the implementation of NRC is a complicated issue, but if properly implemented it would make the India-Bangladesh​​ relationship more sustainable.

Even as the bilateral relations are on a strong footing, an oft-expressed fear is that the upsurge in relationship is regime-specific. While there is bipartisan support on the Indian side to maintain friendly relationship with Bangladesh, the same cannot be said about the Bangladeshi side where the political opposition at the first opportunity is likely to take steps that could derail the relationship. The opposition in Bangladesh has tried its best to convince its interlocutors in India that their attitude has changed. However, it remains to be seen whether it is so.

Generally, it has been pointed out that the Teesta water dispute is the only remaining dispute between India and Bangladesh and its solution would make the bilateral relationship smooth. What is conveniently forgotten is the long-standing issue of illegal migration from Bangladesh. A report of the Group of Ministers on National Security, submitted in 2001, estimated that post-1971 approximately 12 million Bangladeshis have illegally migrated into various states of northeast India.1 However,​​ this number is expected to be much larger if one includes illegal Bangladeshi population residing in other parts of India. Moreover, the Bangladeshis have been illegally coming to India even after 2001.”

Source

• Which of the following views can be attributed to the author of the above passage?

• It is important for India is to take note of​​ issues that concern Bangladesh.

• It is important for Bangladesh to be sensitive about issues that impact Indian interests.

• It is necessary to make the government-to-government relationship between the two countries more sustainable.

• All the above

Passage 7:​​ A woman in the hospital, about to give birth, receives a call from her employer. She is being dismissed from her job because her pregnancy is considered an “offense.” An autopsy surgeon is prohibited from continuing at her job after a new decree labels it inappropriate for women. A secretary is fired after confiding to colleagues that her boss is sexually harassing her.

Stories like this are all too common, affecting women at every stage of their working life and holding them back from economic opportunities. According to the World Bank’s Women, Business and the Law 2020 report published today, women still have just three-fourths the legal rights of men.

Laws matter for women’s economic inclusion. Although achieving gender equality is not a short-term process – requiring strong political will and a concerted effort by governments, civil society, international organizations among others – legal and regulatory reforms can play a foundational role as an important first step. And we know that better performance​​ in the Women Business and the Law index is associated with more women working and with higher income and improved development outcomes.

Source

• As per the given passage, pick the Directive Principle of State Policy shall be the suitable one/s to redress the problem​​ elucidated?

• The State shall, in particular, strive to minimise the inequalities in income, and endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations

• The State should strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of​​ the national life.

• ​​ The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood.​​

• All the Above​​

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

Passage 1:​​ The Sustainable Development Goals Index for 2019, released by [x] on Monday, does not reveal any surprising information. The [y] as the best performers while the northern/north-central and north-eastern States have been laggardly in achieving the U.N.-mandated goals by [w].​​

Poor performers such as [z] have shown discernible advances in the indices — measured between 2018-19 — especially in adopting cleaner energy and improving sanitation.​​

But the regional divide is stark in basic livelihood goals such as “eradication of poverty”, and “good health and well-being” or even in measures such as “industry, innovation and infrastructure”. This points to variances in both State governance and in administrative structures and implementation of welfare policies.​​

Source

• The Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019 was released by an organization/department which has been replaced with [x] in​​ the above passage. ​​ What is the name of the organization/department?

• Vidhi.​​

• National Institution for Transforming India.

• Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Kendra, Government of India.

• None of the above.​​

• The Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019​​ was released​​ by an organization/department which has been replaced with [x] in the above passage. ​​ Who is the chairperson of that organization/department?

• Narendra Modi.

• Rajnath Singh.​​

• M. Venkaiah Naidu.​​

• An Indian state which has been replaced with [y] topped the list in the recent Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019. What is the name of the state has been replaced with [y] in the aforementioned passage?

• Karnataka.

• Kerala.​​

• The Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019 was released to achieve United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal a certain target year, which has been replaced with [w]. Identify the year by which the Sustainable Developmental Goals are sought to be achieved by the United Nations?

• 2022

• 2025.

• 2030.​​

• 2050

• The Agenda for Sustainable Developmental Goal was adopted by the United Nations Members States in the year 2015.

• The Agenda for Sustainable Developmental Goals provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet,​​ now and into the future to be achieved.​​

• The Agenda for Sustainable Developmental Goals provides for 16 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership

• Both (a)​​ and (c)

Passage 2:​​ The Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019 seems to discriminatory and it is only a matter of time before its constitutionality is subjected to severe judicial scrutiny. The government’s obstinacy in going ahead with it, despite opposition in Parliament, as well as from enlightened sections, is unfortunate. In both its intent and wording, the proposed amendment singles out a community for hostile treatment.​​

In short, it chooses to open its citizenship door to certain communities [1] from certain specific nations- viz. [2]. The ostensible reason: an opportunity to members of minority communities from these countries who had entered India prior to [3], to apply for citizenship through naturalization.​​

Further, the statement of objects and reasons of the act refers to [4] through which it had exempted these undocumented migrants from the adverse penal consequences under the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920, and the Foreigners’ Act, 1946.

Source

• The Citizenship Amendment Bill (2019) was recently passed in both the houses of the Indian Parliament and has received the assent of the President of India. What is the name of the parent act which the Citizenship Amendment Bill (2019) seek to amend?

• The Citizenship Act, 1956.

• The Citizenship Act, 1955.

• Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920

• The Indian Citizenship (Acquisition) Act, 1955

• The Citizenship​​ Amendment Bill (2019) choses to open citizenship to certain specific communities who have been faced persecution on grounds of religion in certain specific countries. Identify name of the communities which has been replaced with [1] in the abovementioned passage.

• Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian

• Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Muslim, and Christian.

• Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian​​

• Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain and Parsi.​​

• The Citizenship Amendment Bill (2019) choses to open citizenship to​​ certain specific communities who have been faced persecution on grounds of religion in certain specific countries. The names of the countries have been with [2]. ​​ Which of the following country has not been included in the name of the group of the countries in the abovementioned passage?​​

• Pakistan.

• Myanmar.

• Sri Lanka

• Both b and c.

• Which notification/circular/act, which is replaced with [4], is being discussed in the abovementioned passage?

• Notification, Ministry of Home Affairs 2015-16

• Notification, Ministry of Law and Justice2015-16

• The Citizenship Act, 1955

• None of the above.​​

• Which of the following is factually correct about the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019?​​

• The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 provides an opportunity to members of minority communities from Bangladesh and Pakistan

• The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 provides all people who had entered India prior to December 31, 2014, to apply for citizenship through naturalization.

• The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 requires the existing Indian Citizen to prove their citizenship through the process of National Registry of Citizen, which will be notified on a later date.

• None of the above.​​

English

Direction:​​ (Q31-35) Read the following passages and answer the questions that follow.

Of the​​ reality or unreality of the mystic’s world I know nothing. I have no wish​​ to deny it, nor even to declare that the insight which reveals it is not a genuine​​ insight. What I do wish to maintain – and it is here that the scientific attitude​​ becomes imperative – is that insight,​​ untested and unsupported, is an insufficient​​ guarantee of truth, in spite of the fact that much of the most important truth is​​ first suggested by its means. It is common to speak of an opposition between​​ instinct and reason; in the eighteenth century, the opposition was drawn in​​ favour of reason, but under the influence of Rousseau and the romantic​​ movement, instinct was given the preference, first by those who rebelled against​​ artificial forms of government and thought, and then, as​​ the purely rationalistic​​ defence of traditional theology became increasingly difficult, by all who felt in​​ science a menace to creeds which they associated with a spiritual outlook on life​​ and the world. Bergson, under the name of “intuition,” has raised instinct to theposition of sole arbiter of metaphysical truth.

But in fact the opposition of instinct and reason is mainly illusory. Instinct, intuition, or insight is what first leads to the beliefs which subsequent reason confirms or confutes; but the​​ confirmation, where it is possible, consists, in the last analysis, of agreement with​​ other beliefs no less instinctive. Reason is a harmonising, controlling force rather​​ than a creative one. Even in the most purely logical realm, it is insight that first​​ arrives at what is new. Where instinct and reason do sometimes conflict is in​​ regard to single beliefs, held instinctively, and held with such determination that​​ no degree of inconsistency with other beliefs leads to their abandonment.​​ Instinct, like all human faculties, is liable to error. Those in whom reason is weak​​ are often unwilling to admit this as regards themselves, though all admit it in​​ regard to others.

Where instinct is least liable to error is in practical matters as​​ to which right judgment is a​​ help to survival: friendship and hostility in others,​​ for instance, are often felt with extraordinary discrimination through very​​ careful disguises. But even in such matters a wrong impression may be given by​​ reserve or flattery; and in matters less directly practical, such as philosophy​​ deals with, very strong instinctive beliefs are sometimes wholly mistaken, as we​​ may come to know through their perceived inconsistency with other equally​​ strong beliefs. It is such considerations that necessitate the harmonising​​ mediation of reason, which tests our beliefs by their mutual compatibility, and​​ examines, in doubtful cases, the possible sources of error on the one side and on​​ the other. In this there is no opposition to instinct as a whole, but only to blind​​ reliance upon some one interesting aspect of instinct to the exclusion of other​​ more commonplace but not less trustworthy aspects. It is such one-sidedness, not​​ instinct itself, that reason aims at correcting. These more or less trite maxims​​ may be illustrated by application to Bergson’s advocacy of “intuition” as against​​ “intellect.”

There are, he says, “two profoundly different ways of knowing anything. The first implies that we move round the object: the second that we enter into it. The first depends on the point of view at which we are placed and on the​​ symbols by which we express ourselves. The second neither depends on a point of​​ view nor relies on any symbol. The first kind of knowledge may be said to stop at​​ the relative; the second, in those cases where it is possible, to attain the absolute.”The second of these, which is intuition, is, he says, “the kind of intellectual​​ sympathy by which one places oneself within an object in order to coincide with​​ what is unique in it and therefore inexpressible”. In​​ illustration, he mentions​​ self-knowledge: “there is one reality, at least, which we all seize from within, by​​ intuition and not by simple analysis. It is our own personality in its flowing​​ through time – our self which endures”. The rest of Bergson’s philosophy​​ consists in reporting, through the imperfect medium of words, the knowledge​​ gained by intuition, and the consequent complete condemnation of all the​​ pretended knowledge derived from science and common sense.

• Which of the following, if true, would​​ most vitiate the author’s argument about

Bergman’s theory?

• The inherent limitations of self-knowledge and of knowledge based on​​ point of view lead to a theory of knowledge based on uncertainty and relativity.

• There can be no ground wherein reason or intellect could dwell without the​​ existence of personality and the existence of personality is seized only through​​ intuition.

• If personality flows through time it is subject to change, and though it can​​ be conceived that this changing self-endures, we cannot term the knowledge of​​ this self as absolute.

• The knowledge of the self-gathered through intuition, is by definition​​ mutually incompatible, with any other kind of knowledge and is thus​​ invalidated.

• Which of the following can be inferred about the author’s view of the ‘reality or

unreality of the mystics world’?

• The degree of reality of the world of the mystic can only be grasped through intuition.

• Intellect plays an inferior role in validating the reality of the mystic’s world.

• Scientific attitude is not in tandem with the process that reveals the world of the mystic.

• The world of the mystic is unreal as the insight with which it is revealed is not tempered with reason.

• What is the primary purpose of the passage?

• To show that mysticism and intuition are​​ incomplete without reason.

• To show that reason and intuition are not exclusive but rather mutually reinforcing.

• To show the importance of reason and intellect over reason.

• To describe the process through which proper knowledge can be attained.

• According to the passage which of the following is true?

• Bergson’s theory regarding the usefulness of reason is accurate.

• Reason aims to correct natural one-sidedness of instinct.

• Blind reliance upon a singular aspect of intuition at the cost of others leads to error.

• There are many people in whom reason is weak and are often unwilling to admit this fact.

• According to the passage, which of the following is true?

• Bergson, like Rousseau, gives primacy to intuition rather than reason.

• Instinct and reason are not dissimilar and hence their conflict is illusory.

• Instinct is less liable to error than reason in practical matters.

• Instinct and reason are equally important cognitive processes.

Direction:​​ (Q.36-40) Arrange the following segments of sentences in a logical,​​ meaningful manner. Choose the best possible option.

•

A.​​ As that segment of ocean flow, known as the Gulf Stream, pushes north, it cools and becomes denser and eventually sinks, forming the so-called deep-water that flows back southward along the ocean floor toward Antarctica.

B.​​ The warm, salty waters of the tropical Atlantic cruise northward along the eastern coast of the United States before darting toward north western Europe.

C.​​ It also determines several climatic features, such as the latitude at​​ which a key tropical rain belt is located, which impacts water supplies, precipitation for agriculture and the health of tropical ecosystems.

D.​​ This cycle, called the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, plays a key role in moving heat around the​​ planet as well as nutrients throughout the ocean.​​

• ACBD

• BCDA

•

A.​​ These chemicals break an essential part of a bacterial cell, but they usually break the same part of human cells too.

B.​​ This is the key to antibiotic function: exploiting the fact that bacteria are similar to human cells without being identical.

C.​​ This makes medical antiseptics terrible antibiotics, as their use in high concentrations may cause tissue damage or slow wound healing.

D.​​ Luckily, sometimes there are bacterial parts not found in humans, or if they are, they are very different.

E.​​ It’s relatively easy to find new antiseptics, which can kill microbes on the skin and the surface of tissues.​​

• EACDB

• DBEAC

• EABCD

•

A.​​ But when it feels other ants walking on its​​ back, the ant simply stays put.​​

B.​​ When an ant on the march comes to a gap in its path, it slows down.​​

C.​​ In this way, the ants build a bridge long enough to span whatever gap is in front of them.​​

D.​​ The process repeats as the next ant in line slows,​​ gets trampled and freezes in place.

E.​​ The rest of the colony, still barreling along at 12 centimeters per second, comes trampling over its back.

• BDEAC

• BEDCA

•

A.​​ With his iconic painting, Margritte showed how art can change our view of this​​ world and give us a fresh opportunity to attempt to define the indefinable.

B.​​ Magritte, who considered himself a thinker who communicated through paint, wanted to prove that images could equal words in the expression of consciousness.

C.​​ In painting​​ this, Margritte was inspired by the definition of a poem by popular literary figures André Breton and Paul Éluard, who declared that “Poetry is a pipe”.

D.​​ One of René Magritte’s most famous paintings, “The Treachery of Images,” features an image of a tobacco pipe with the words “This is not a pipe” underneath it.

• BDCA

• DBCA

• DCBA

•

A.​​ Everything goes right down into your fingertips. You watch your fingers work.

B.​​ They do it themselves. You can feel how it is. They pick and pick the buds. They never​​ make a mistake.

C.​​ Well, I can only tell you what it feels like. It’s when you’re picking off the buds you don’t want.

D.​​ They’re with the plant. Do you see?​​ Your fingers and the plant.

• ABDC

• CDAB

• CABD

Logical Reasoning

Direction: Q.41-45- These​​ statements are followed by two conclusions. Critically analyse as to which of the following conclusions logically follow

• Statements:​​ Majority of women magazines have a things related to good dresses and make up.​​

Conclusions:​​

• Women are not interested in​​ other things.

• An average woman's primary interest lies in dresses and make up.

• Only conclusion I follows.

• Only conclusion II follows.

• Both conclusions I and II follow.

• Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

• Statement:​​ The Suez Canal has greatly reduced the​​ distance between India and Europe, thus saving a lot of fuel.

Conclusions:​​

• Fuel should be saved.

• All trade from India to Europe is done via Suez Canal.

• Only conclusion I follows.

• Only conclusion II follows.

• Both conclusions I and II follow.

• Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

• Statement:​​ Country N’s nuclear tests drew a lot of international criticism.

Conclusions:​​

• The citizens of country N support the nuclear tests.

• Country N has enmity with lot of nations.

• Only conclusion I follows.

• Only conclusion II​​ follows.

• Both conclusions I and II follow.

• Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

• Statement:​​ From a position of shortage, India has reached a position of self-sufficiency.​​

Conclusions:​​

• Previously, India had to import coal.

• With this speed, it can soon become a foreign exchange earner.

• Only conclusion I follows.

• Only conclusion II follows.

• Both conclusions I and II follow.

• Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

• Statement:​​ Aloe vera plant has thick leaves and it requires little water.

Conclusions:​​

• All plants​​ with thick leaves require little water.

• It can be grown in places with less water.

• Only conclusion I follows.

• Only conclusion II follows.

• Both conclusions I and II follow.

• Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

Direction: Q.46-50:​​ These statements are​​ followed by two assumptions. Critically analyse as to which of the following assumptions are implicit

• Statement:​​ Mr A wrote a letter to the Chief Minister that he has not been getting electricity even after paying the bill.

Assumptions:

• People should receive electricity if they have paid their bills.

• Mr A believes that his letter will help him get electricity.​​

• Only assumption I is implicit.

• Only assumption II is implicit.

• Both assumptions I and II are implicit.

• Neither I nor II is implicit.

• Statement:​​ A can of juice says- “Tastes best when chilled.”

Assumptions:

• Juice tastes different at different temperatures.

• It cannot be consumed when it is not chilled.

• Only assumption I is implicit.

• Only assumption II is implicit.

• Both assumptions I and II are​​ implicit.

• Neither I nor II is implicit.

• Statement:​​ In order to win, you must work hard.

Assumptions:​​

• People who work hard, win.

• There are some people who win even if they don’t work hard.

• Only assumption I is implicit.

• Only assumption II is implicit.

• Both assumptions I and II are implicit.

• Neither I nor II is implicit.

• Statement:​​ The Hindu is the most popular newspaper in South India.

Assumptions:​​

• The Hindu is not popular is north India.

• The Hindu is famous for its editorials.

• Only assumption I is​​ implicit.

• Only assumption II is implicit.

• Both assumptions I and II are implicit.

• Neither I nor II is implicit.

• Statement:​​ People should realize that reading is a great form of entertainment.

Assumptions:​​

• The entertainment value of reading is not realized.

• Only assumption I is implicit.

• Only assumption II is implicit.

• Both assumptions I and II are implicit.

• Neither I nor II is implicit.

Directions for Q.50

Pawan, Quber, Ravi, Sam, Tarun, Umesh, Viru and Waman are sitting round​​ the circle and are facing the centre:

• Pawan is second to the right of Tarun who is the neighbour of Ravi and Viru.

• Sam is not the neighbour of Pawan.

• Viru is the neighbour of Umesh.

• Quber is not between Sam and Waman. Waman is not between Umesh and Sam.

• Which of the following two are not neighbours?

• Ravi and Viru

• Umesh and Viru

• Ravi and Pawan

• Quber and Waman

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