This post was first published on Jan 17, 2020.
CLATalogue’s CLAT 2020 Mock Test 1
Directions for Q1- Q10:
Peruse the given passage and choose the correct answers accordingly-
The day before US secretary of state Mike Pompeo’s announcement that the United States now considers the Israeli settlements in the West Bank to be legal, I accompanied an American group of writers on a tour of the settlements around Ramallah.
It was organised by Breaking the Silence, a group formed by Israeli veterans who oppose the occupation. Yehuda Shaul, the co-founder of the organisation, led the tour. He said that, from 1967 on, the settlement project was state-driven, neither prompted nor led by the settlers. Since then, the US position had been that settlement building in the occupied territories was contrary to international law. And yet no material action has ever been taken by any US administration to force Israel to stop building – except for one moment, in 1991, when president George Bush refused to provide a guarantee for $10bn in loans to Israel over settlement expansion. So, what is new about Trump’s announcement?
It was to be expected that this latest US declaration would be followed by a barrage of counter-statements from the EU – as well as the EU’s foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini – to the effect that “all settlement activity is illegal under international law”. But what purpose do these statements serve when the law is not being enforced? The answer is: none.
The first stop in our tour was the entrance to the settlement of Ofra, north east of Ramallah. Established in 1975, it is considered illegal even under Israeli law. Authorised by the Israeli government in 1979, the settlement never had a defined area, never had an outline plan approved – and no lawful building permits were issued. Some 58% of its built-up area is registered in the land registry office under the names of Palestinians. And yet despite numerous cases in Israeli courts, the settlement continues to stand, with the land never returned to its rightful owners.
Pompeo has stated that “the United States government is expressing no view on the legal status of any individual settlement”. Such assessments, he said, were up to Israeli courts. Not only did the secretary of state negate the role of international law in determining the legality of settlements, he has left it to Israeli courts to arbitrate, even though they have a consistently dismal record on decisions regarding Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
At the next stop on our tour, we stood on a hill opposite the town of Sinjil, where we could see how the settlements were encircling every one of the Palestinian villages in the area, depriving the Palestinians of contiguous land. We were told that this policy of confinement and fragmentation was in accordance with plans set by the Israeli government as early as 1980.
Since we were driving a tour bus bearing an Israeli licence plate, we were able to travel on bypass roads used only by Israelis. Shaul explained that the building of these roads, which skirt Palestinian towns and villages, enabling settlers to travel to and from Israel without seeing any Palestinians, took place in the early 90s after the signing of the Oslo accords. They have led to a vast increase in the number of settlers.
As we drove, I thought to myself that while the Palestinians have been reduced to living in physical ghettoes as a result of these roads and settlements, the settlers are themselves dwelling in mental ghettoes of their own making. With their government involved in an anachronistic colonial project in a postcolonial age, these settlers believe that if they don’t see the Palestinians, they cease to exist. By condoning the settlement project, the US is guilty of a similarly myopic view.
Q.1. What was US’ initial stance on settlement building in Israel?
It is legal
The US is not concerned with settlements not within its territory
Settlement building is contrary to International Law
Negotiable on disputed land.
Q.2. The settlement project was initiated by –
Activists around the world
Q.3. US has shown its disapproval towards settlement building-
By denying a loan in 1991 for settlement building
By protesting against settlement building
By making changes in the foreign policy
By harbouring refugees
Q.4. What policy change did US make with respect to its stance on settlers?
Settlement building has been legalized in Israel
Settlements in Ramallah have been legalized
Settlements on the West bank has been legalized
Settlement building in Palestine has been legalized
Q.5. Which of the following statements is true about the settlement of Ofra?
It is a legal establishment by Israeli Law
The land is registered under Palestinians
Both a and b
None of the above
Q.6. Assessment of land ownership is the responsibility of-
Q.7.The plan to occupy contiguous land of Palestine originally belonged to-
UN rehabilitation organization
Government of Israel
Q.8. It was possible to commute without seeing any Palestinians because
The car had an Israeli number-plates
They were using the specially built roads that skirted Palestinian towns
Both a and b
None of the above
Q.9. Who are the ones living in ghettoes?
All of the above
Q.10. On what grounds does the speaker criticise the government’s settlement project?
It is not relevant in the present socio-political times
It is an infringement of personal space
It is a violation of human rights
It is a temporary solution to a permanent problem
Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions. Study the following and answer Q11-15
In an Exhibition seven cars of different companies - Cadillac, Ambassador, Fiat, Maruti, Mercedes, Bedford and Fargo are standing facing to east in the following order:
a) Cadillac is next to right of Fargo.
b) Fargo is fourth to the right of Fiat.
c) Maruti car is between Ambassador and Bedford.
d) Fiat which is third to the left of Ambassador, is at one end.
Q.11.Which of the cars are on both the sides of Cadillac car ?
Ambassador and Maruti
Maruti and Fiat
Fargo and Mercedes
Ambassador and Fargo
Q.12. Which of the following statement is correct ?
Maruti is next left of Ambassador.
Bedford is next left of Fiat.
Bedford is at one end
Fiat is next second to the right of Maruti.
Q.13.Which one of the following statements is correct ?
Fargo car is in between Ambassador and Fiat
Cadillac is next left to Mercedes car.
Fargo is next right of Cadillac.
Maruti is fourth right of Mercedes.
Q.14.Which of the following groups of cars is to the right of Ambassador ?
Cadillac, Fargo and Maruti
Mercedes, Cadillac and Fargo
Maruti, Bedford and Fiat
Bedford, Cadillac and Fargo
Q.15.Which one of the following is the correct position of Mercedes?
Next to the left of Cadillac
Next to the left of Bedford
Between Bedford and Fargo
Fourth to the right of Maruti.
I. some autocracies are tyranny
II. no tyranny is a democracy
I. no autocracy is a democracy
II. no tyranny is an autocracy
III. some autocracies are democracy
IV. some tyrannies are autocracies
Only IV follows
II and III follows
I and IV follow
Q.17. Pointing to a photograph, Ronit said, “He is the only son of my maternal uncle’s daughter”. How is the person in the photograph related to Ronit?
Cannot be determined
Q.18. if it is true that neither Sana is brother of Sameer, nor is he an actor, then which one of the following statements is true?
Sana is not a brother of Sameer, but he is an actor.
Sana is a brother of Sameer, but he is not an actor.
Sana is a brother of Sameer, and he is an actor.
Sana is not a brother of Sameer, and he is not an actor.
Q.19.Statement: In spite of poor services, the commentators' have not complained against it.
Generally, people do not tolerate poor services.
II. Complaints sometimes improve services.
Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Q.20. A watch which gains uniformly is 2 minutes slow at noon on Thursday and is 4 minutes 48 seconds on the following Thursday, when was it correct
2 pm on Friday
12 pm on Saturday
2 pm on Saturday
2 pm on Sunday
Analyse the graph provided, and answer the given questions (21-23) in accordance to it.
The Graph provides data regarding non-management employees of six corporate entities of similar scale. The number of Marketing and Programming employees is displayed.
Q.21. At Terrene, what is the approximate difference between the number of employees in Marketing and Programmers?
Q.22. What is the approximate number of Programmers hired by the companies that employ the most as well as the least number of Programmers?
Q.23. Find the approximate mean number of marketing employees hired by the companies.
Q.24-26: The following graph depicts the vote share of BJP and Congress over the years 1974 to 2010.
Q.24. Which year saw the maximum percentage gap between the two parties?
Q.25. What is the average vote share of Congress from 1994 to 2002?
Q.26. What is the approximate difference between the highest share of BJP and the lowest share of Congress over the time period shown?
The given table analyses the expenditure (in 100 US Dollars), of a company. Answer the questions (Q27-30) based on the data in this table:
Q.27. What was the amount spent on Fuel and Transport (in 100 US Dollars) in the year that the highest taxes were paid?
Q.28. What is the average amount of interest per year (in 100 US Dollars) which the company had to pay during this period?Top of Fo
Q.29. What is the total expenditure of the company (in 100 US Dollars) over these items during the year 2000?
Q.30. What percentage of the total expenditure 2001 was incurred in taxes?
Passage A: From the beginning, Aadhaar brought up question of privacy. These fall into two categories.
One is intentional: The Aadhaar Act was supposed to only allow authentication of a person, meaning a verification query would only tell an agency whether the person is who she says she is. Instead, the Act allows agencies to draw other demographic information, which has naturally led to concerns about profiling and surveillance, especially now that the government has made it mandatory to link Aadhaar to everything from bank accounts to phone numbers to PAN cards. This means private companies are also using Aadhaar to deliver their services, but in the process collecting information on people and monetising that data.
The second is incidental: The design of the Aadhaar system meant that, though it claimed to be secure, it was leaking data all along. In 2017, the government admitted in Parliament that as many as 210 official websites were found displaying Aadhaar numbers along with demographic data. A Tribune investigation earlier this year found that one could buy access to the entire database for just Rs 500, and print out anyone’s Aadhaar card for Rs 300 more. This information has in the past been used for financial fraud. In response, Aadhaar’s overseeing body, the Unique Identification Authority of India, filed a case against the journalist. And over the last year it has attempted to roll out new features that it claims will improve security, even though it has insisted all along that its data is already secure.
Based on the above passage can we conclude that Aadhar violates the privacy of an individual?
Yes, as it encroaches upon the personal and biometric data of individuals.
No, because collecting biometric data by the government does not amount to breach in privacy.
Yes, as it makes personal information of an individual prone to the world.
None of the above.
Which of the following views can be correctly inferred from the above passage?
Right to privacy is the fundamental right of an individual.
Right to privacy is an absolute right.
Government is justified to encroach upon the right to privacy of an individual.
Every individual is entitled with the right to privacy but it has certain restrictions.
Passage B: The Supreme Court on Friday advocated patience to women of menstruating age fighting for their right to enter and worship at the Sabarimala temple in Kerala. The law was in their favour and any judicial order at this time may spark violence. The situation was already “explosive,” the court said.
Two women in their 30s rccently approached the court with a plea to direct the police to provide them protection for their intended pilgrimage to the famed forest temple in the ongoing season. They pointed out that a Constitution Bench lifted the ban on women of menstruating age to enter the temple in a majority judgment on September 28, 2018. The State’s refusal to provide them protection was in gross contempt of the judgment, they argued. On November 14, a Bench of five judges, sitting in review of the judgment, referred the fundamental question of whether a woman’s right to worship was subservient to age-old religious customs, faith and traditions, however unequal, to a seven-judge Bench. The Review Bench, however, did not stay the verdict allowing women in the 10 to 50 age to enter the temple.
33. Which article of the Constitution of India talks about the freedom of religion in India?
Can the judgment passed by the Supreme Court of India be reviewed?
Yes, it is possible under article 135 and can be done by the same bench only.
Yes, it is possible under Article 135 and can be done by a higher bench only.
No, it is not possible as the constitution does not allow doing so.
Yes, it is possible under article 136 and can be done by a bench constituting o Chief Justice of India.
35. Can the judgment of a Supreme Court be reversed by the higher bench of Supreme Court?
Yes the higher bench can do so.
No the higher bench of the Supreme Court cannot reverse the judgment of the Lower bench
Yes if the Chie Justice of India allows doing so.
Cannot be determined.
Passage C: A group of 15 foreign envoys based in New Delhi, including the US ambassador to India, began a two-day visit to Jammu and Kashmir on Thursday. This represents only the second high-profile foreign delegation to visit the region since the revocation of Article 370 last August. The Centre’s aim in inviting them is to let them judge for themselves its claim of normalcy having been restored.
The last visit by a foreign delegation, of members of European Parliament back in October, did not work out well, and this is a chance for New Delhi to make amends. But then, Kashmir has been wracked by terrorism for so long that what constitutes “normalcy" there is hard to assess. Perhaps a comparison with the state of affairs before the region’s autonomy was withdrawn would help. Information is scarce, but we do know that much of the Valley is under what one would call a “cyber curfew", with internet services having been cut off since August. Also, the state’s top leaders remain in detention. While allowing diplomats in is clearly a positive sign, it would aid India’s cause to let Kashmiris get back online. The world is waiting to hear from them on social media.
36. In which of the following judgements has the SC stated that freedom of Speech and Expression, Trade and Commerce through the medium of Internet are constitutionally protected?
Anuradha Bhasin v Union of India
Ghulam Nabi Azad v Union of India
Both a and b
Ruhi v Anees Ahmed
37. The bench delivering the aforementioned judgment consisted of the following Justice J. Ramana, Surya Kant and X. X is
J. Arun Kumar Mishra
Passage D. The NDA government’s Swachh Survekshan, the ranking system for clean cities, was rolled out four years ago as the answer to a problem that municipal law failed to solve. Sanitation and public health are responsibilities of State governments, and it is no secret that they have spectacularly failed at managing growing volumes of municipal and hazardous waste. The problem has only been compounded by the absence of plans that take a holistic view of housing, sanitation, water supply, waste management and transport. Ahead of the launch of Swachh Survekshan 2020, the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs is once again trying to stir up competition among cities, by pre-ranking them for their performance during 2019 and assigning points to be added this year. As an idea, unleashing the competitive spirit among States may seem appealing, but in reality, the problems confronting urban India require large-scale infrastructure creation, full adherence to legal requirements on waste management, and transparent technical audits. Many cities remain clueless on handling their waste, one shocking example being the rising mountain of garbage at the Ghazipur landfill in Delhi. Ironically, Bhopal, which figures among the top five cleanest cities under the just-released list, continues to live with the effects of the gas disaster of 1984.
Looking ahead to the next edition of the Survekshan, the Urban Affairs Ministry has identified ambitious targets: “100% processing and safe disposal of waste, complete faecal sludge and septage management, and wastewater treatment and reuse.” These are major tasks.
The emphasis worldwide is on creating a circular economy centred at the principle of material recovery from all kinds of waste, reuse, recycling and reduced pressure on natural resources.
38. Based on the views expressed in the passage, which of the following is true?
The author believes that Swachh Bharat has been a failure
The author believes that the mechanism employed in implementing Swachh Bharat is flawed
The author believes that Swachh Bharat Survekshan is a futile exercise
The author believes that Swacch Barat Survekshan as an instrument to motivate states to get cleaner is inefficient
39. Why, according to the author, have the state governments ‘spectacularly failed’ at promoting sanitation?
The lack of awareness among people regarding the importance of sanitation
The widespread poverty which prevents people from taking steps which will promote sanitation
The lack of infrastructure in the states and ineffective checks.
All of the above
40. What will make Swachh Survekshan a success?
Giving more incentives to the states to improve sanitation their territories
Including parameters like waste management, waste generation sustainable development in generating h ranks of the states
Working on the ground level to improve waste management and disposal techniques
Improving infrastructure in states to deal with waste
Passage A:The Sustainable Development Goals Index for 2019, released by [x] on Monday, does not reveal any surprising information. The [y] as the best performers while the northern/north-central and north-eastern States have been laggardly in achieving the U.N.-mandated goals by [w].
Poor performers such as [z] have shown discernible advances in the indices — measured between 2018-19 — especially in adopting cleaner energy and improving sanitation.
But the regional divide is stark in basic livelihood goals such as “eradication of poverty”, and “good health and well-being” or even in measures such as “industry, innovation and infrastructure”. This points to variances in both State governance and in administrative structures and implementation of welfare policies.
41. The Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019 was released by an organization/department which has been replaced with [x] in the above passage. What is the name of the organization/department?
National Institution for Transforming India.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Kendra, Government of India.
None of the above.
42. The Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019 was released by an organization/department which has been replaced with [x] in the above passage. Who is the chairperson of that organization/department?
M. Venkaiah Naidu.
43. An Indian state which has been replaced with [y] topped the list in the recent Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019. What is the name of the state has been replaced with [y] in the aforementioned passage?
44. The Sustainable Developmental Goals Index 2019 was released to achieve United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal a certain target year, which has been replaced with [w]. Identify the year by which the Sustainable Developmental Goals are sought to be achieved by the United Nations?
45. Which of the following is NOT factually correct statement about the United Nations- Agenda for Sustainable Development, which is adopted the United Nations Member States?
The Agenda for Sustainable Developmental Goal was adopted by the United Nations Members States in the year 2015.
The Agenda for Sustainable Developmental Goals provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future to be achieved.
The Agenda for Sustainable Developmental Goals provides for 16 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership
Both (a) and (c)
Passage B:The Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019 seems to discriminatory and it is only a matter of time before its constitutionality is subjected to severe judicial scrutiny. The government’s obstinacy in going ahead with it, despite opposition in Parliament, as well as from enlightened sections, is unfortunate. In both its intent and wording, the proposed amendment singles out a community for hostile treatment.
In short, it chooses to open its citizenship door to certain communities  from certain specific nations- viz. . The ostensible reason: an opportunity to members of minority communities from these countries who had entered India prior to , to apply for citizenship through naturalization.
Further, the statement of objects and reasons of the act refers to  through which it had exempted these undocumented migrants from the adverse penal consequences under the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920, and the Foreigners’ Act, 1946.
46. The Citizenship Amendment Bill (2019) was recently passed in both the houses of the Indian Parliament and has received the assent of the President of India. What is the name of the parent act which the Citizenship Amendment Bill (2019) seek to amend?
The Citizenship Act, 1956.
The Citizenship Act, 1955.
Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920
The Indian Citizenship (Acquisition) Act, 1955
47. The Citizenship Amendment Bill (2019) choses to open citizenship to certain specific communities who have been faced persecution on grounds of religion in certain specific countries. Identify name of the communities which has been replaced with  in the abovementioned passage.
Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian
Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Muslim, and Christian.
Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian
Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain and Parsi.
48. The Citizenship Amendment Bill (2019) choses to open citizenship to certain specific communities who have been faced persecution on grounds of religion in certain specific countries. The names of the countries have been with . Which of the following country has not been included in the name of the group of the countries in the abovementioned passage?
Both b and c.
49. Which notification/circular/act, which is replaced with , is being discussed in the abovementioned passage?
Notification, Ministry of Home Affairs 2015-16
Notification, Ministry of Law and Justice2015-16
The Citizenship Act, 1955
None of the above.
50. Which of the following is factually correct about the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019?
The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 provides an opportunity to members of minority communities from Bangladesh and Pakistan
The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 provides all people who had entered India prior to December 31, 2014, to apply for citizenship through naturalization.
The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 requires the existing Indian Citizen to prove their citizenship through the process of National Registry of Citizen, which will be notified on a later date.
None of the above.
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