GENERAL AWARENESS – Indian Rivers (Geography)

RIVERS- FACTS, DISPUTES, TRIBUTARIES, ORIGIN

  • The rivers of India can be classified into four groups viz., Himalayan rivers, coastal rivers, Deccan rivers and rivers of the inland drainage basin.

    Himalayan Rivers: They are formed by melting snow and glaciers and therefore, continuously flow throughout the year.
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    Deccan Rivers: They are rain-fed rivers and hence fluctuate in the volume. Many of the Deccan rivers are non-perennial. They are short in length and have limited catchments areas. Most of them are of an ephemeral character. Most of the rivers in the Deccan region generally flow in the east direction and fall into the Bay of Bengal. The major east flowing rivers are Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Mahanadi etc.

    Coastal Rivers: There are numerous coastal rivers, which are comparatively smaller than the other type of rivers. While only a handful of these rivers drain into the sea near the delta of the east coast, there are as many as 600 such rivers on the west coast.
    example: subarnarekh, Vamsadhara, Nagavali, Vaigai, Naetravati and sharavati.

    Inland Water Drainage: The rivers that do not empty I the ocean but get lost into the sand. Example: Luni, Macchu, Banas, Rupen, Saraswati and Ghagghar.

  • The longest river flowing through India is INDUS which originates in Tibet.
  • Five rivers of erstwhile Punjab are: Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum And Chenab
  • The Godavari is also called as Dakshin Ganga
  • Damodar is known as Bengal’s Sorrow
  • Prayagraj (Allahabad) is believed to be the confluence (Sangam) of rivers Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati.
  1. RIVER AND THEIR TRIBUTARIES
S.NO. RIVER TRIBUTARIES
1 Ganga 1. Gomti

2.Ghaghra

3.Gandak

4. Kosi

5. Yamuna

6. Son

7. Hoogly

2 Yamuna 1. Chambal

2. Sindh

3. Betwa

4. Ken

5. Tons

6. Hindon

3 Godavri 1. Indravati

2. Manjira

3. Bindusara

4. Sarbari

5. Penganga

6. Prananahita

4 Krishna 1. Tungabhadra

2. Ghataprabha

3.Malaprabha

4. Bhima

5. Vedavati

6. Konya

5 Cauvery 1. Kabini

2. Hemavati

3. Simsha

4. Arkavati

5. Bhavani

6 Narmada 1. Amaravati

2. Bhukhi

3. Tawa

4. Banger

7 Indus 1. Sutlej

2. Dras

3. Zanskar

4. Shyok

5. Gilgit

6. Suru

8 Brahamputra 1. Dibang

2. Lohit

3. Jia Bhareli

4. Dikhow

5. Subansiri

6. Manas

9 Damodar 1. Barakar

2. Konar

10 Ravi 1. Budhil

2. Nai or Dhona

3. Seul

4. Ujh

11 Mahanadi 1. Seonath

2. Hasdeo

3. Jonk

4. Mand

5. Ib

6. Ong

7. Tel

 

  1. MAJOR RIVER WATER DISPUTES OVER THE YEARS AND THE STATES INVOLVED
S.NO DISPUTE STATES INVOLVED
1 Krishna Water Dispute Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra
2 Mahadayi/Mandovi Water Dispute Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra
3 Vansadhara Water Dispute Odisha, Andhra Pradesh
4 Cauvery Water Dispute Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerela
5 Babhali Barrage issues Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh
6 Mulla Periyar Dam issue Tamil Nadu, Kerela

 

  1. ALTERNATE/ANCIENT/GREEK NAMES OF THE RIVERS
S.NO PRESENT DAY NAME ALTERNATE NAME
1 Indus Sindhu (Ancient Name)
2 Jhelum  Vitasta (Ancient Name); Hydaspes (Greek Name )
3 Chenab Asikini (Ancient Namre); Chandrabhagha
4 Ravi Parusni (Ancient Name); Airavati
5 Beas Vipasa (Ancient Name); Hyphasis (Greek Name)
6 Sutlej Sutudri (Ancient Name); Zarodros (Greek Name)
7 Brahamputra Dihang; Tsangpo (Tibetan)
8 Luni Sagarmati
9 Betwa vetravati

 

 

  1. RIVER AND THEIR PLACES OF ORIGIN

S.NO RIVER PLACE OF ORIGIN
1 Ganga Gangotri (Uttrakhand)
2 Indus Mansarovar (Tibet)
3 Narmada Maikal hills, Amarkantak (MP)
4 Tapi/ Tapti Satpura Range, Betul (MP)
5 Mahanadi Nagri Town (Chattisgarh)
6 Brahamputra Chemayungdung (Tibet)
7 Sutlej Mt. Kailash (Tibet)
8 Beas Rohtang Pass (Himachal Pradesh)
9 Godavri Nasik (Maharashtra)
10 Krishna Mahabaleshwar (Maharashtra)
11 Cauvery Brahmagiri Hills, Coorg (Karnataka)
12 Sabarmati Udaipur, Aravalli Hills (Rajasthan)
13 Ravi Chamba (Himachal Pradesh)
14 Penner Nandi Hills, Chickballapur (Karnataka)

 

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